How to format your references using the Sexuality and Disability citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Sexuality and Disability. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
van den Heuvel, E.P.J.: Astronomy. Double pulsar jackpot. Science. 303, 1143–1144 (2004)
A journal article with 2 authors
Wu, J.-Q., Pollard, T.D.: Counting cytokinesis proteins globally and locally in fission yeast. Science. 310, 310–314 (2005)
A journal article with 3 authors
Williams-Guillén, K., Perfecto, I., Vandermeer, J.: Bats limit insects in a neotropical agroforestry system. Science. 320, 70 (2008)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Yuan, Y., Wang, X., Mei, B., Zhang, D., Tang, A., An, L., He, X., Jiang, J., Liang, G.: Labeling thiols on proteins, living cells, and tissues with enhanced emission induced by FRET. Sci. Rep. 3, 3523 (2013)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hurst, K.: Primary Care Trust Workforce Planning and Development. Whurr Publishers Ltd, Philadelphia, PA, USA (2008)
An edited book
Benatallah, B., Bestavros, A., Manolopoulos, Y., Vakali, A., Zhang, Y. eds: Web Information Systems Engineering – WISE 2014: 15th International Conference, Thessaloniki, Greece, October 12-14, 2014, Proceedings, Part II. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2014)
A chapter in an edited book
Heinhuis, D., de Vries, E.J.: Modelling Customer Behaviour in Multi-channel Service Distribution. In: Kundisch, D., Veit, D.J., Weitzel, T., and Weinhardt, C. (eds.) Enterprise Applications and Services in the Finance Industry: 4th International Workshop, FinanceCom 2008, Paris, France, December 13, 2008. Revised Papers. pp. 47–63. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2009)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Sexuality and Disability.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: Deep Calls Or Big Balls? Howler Monkeys Are Either All Mouth, Or All Trousers,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Year 2000 Computing Crisis: State Department Needs To Make Fundamental Improvements To Its Year 2000 Program. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1998)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Schulz, J.L.: Factors Affecting Prey Availability and Habitat Usage of Wintering Piping Plovers (Charadrius melodus) in Coastal Louisiana, (2015)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L.: Limits on Prison Suits Are Eased, (2007)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSexuality and Disability
AbbreviationSex. Disabil.
ISSN (print)0146-1044
ISSN (online)1573-6717
Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

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