How to format your references using the Journal of the Neurological Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Neurological Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
H.E. Frimmel, Geology. Genesis of the world’s largest gold deposits, Science. 297 (2002) 1815–1817.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
J.B. McGraw, M.A. Furedi, Deer browsing and population viability of a forest understory plant, Science. 307 (2005) 920–922.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
A. Wada-Katsumata, J. Silverman, C. Schal, Changes in taste neurons support the emergence of an adaptive behavior in cockroaches, Science. 340 (2013) 972–975.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
[1]
P.G. Fuerst, A. Koizumi, R.H. Masland, R.W. Burgess, Neurite arborization and mosaic spacing in the mouse retina require DSCAM, Nature. 451 (2008) 470–474.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
M.R. Young, Financial Fraud Prevention and Detection, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2013.
An edited book
[1]
H. Chen, ed., Large Research Infrastructures Development in China: A Roadmap to 2050, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
J. Xu, H. Zhang, D. Yuan, A Multiple Relay Selection Scheme in Cognitive Relay Network, in: A. Xie, X. Huang (Eds.), Advances in Electrical Engineering and Automation, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2012: pp. 33–39.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Neurological Sciences.

Blog post
[1]
E. Andrew, First Step Taken Toward Anti-Aging Drug, IFLScience. (2014). https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/rapamycin-boosts-immune-function-takes-baby-step-toward-anti-aging-drug/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office, School Improvement Grants: Survey of State Educational Agencies Regarding Grant Implementation (GAO-12-370SP, April 2012), an E-supplement to GAO-12-373, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2012.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
M. Libman, A policy analysis of the Penal Code Section 186.20-186.33: California Street Terrorism Enforcement and Prevention Act, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
J. Barron, Celebrating a Honey Harvest in the Center of Hudson Yards, New York Times. (2017) A17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Neurological Sciences
AbbreviationJ. Neurol. Sci.
ISSN (print)0022-510X
ScopeClinical Neurology
Neurology

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