How to format your references using the Journal of the Neurological Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Neurological Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
D. Trono, Virology. Picking the right spot, Science. 300 (2003) 1670–1671.
A journal article with 2 authors
H.-R. Wei, F.-G. Deng, Scalable quantum computing based on stationary spin qubits in coupled quantum dots inside double-sided optical microcavities, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 7551.
A journal article with 3 authors
J.O. Andersson, W.F. Doolittle, C.L. Nesbø, Genomics. Are there bugs in our genome?, Science. 292 (2001) 1848–1850.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
H.-X. Lu, L.-Z. Cao, J.-Q. Zhao, Y.-D. Li, X.-Q. Wang, Extreme violation of local realism with a hyper-entangled four-photon-eight-qubit Greenberger-Horne-Zelinger state, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 4476.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
M. Golio, Engineering Your Retirement, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2006.
An edited book
C. Gimeno Gasca, CMOS Continuous-Time Adaptive Equalizers for High-Speed Serial Links, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
A. Noureldin, T.B. Karamat, J. Georgy, Inertial Navigation System, in: T.B. Karamat, J. Georgy (Eds.), Fundamentals of Inertial Navigation, Satellite-Based Positioning and Their Integration, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013: pp. 125–166.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Neurological Sciences.

Blog post
J. O`Callaghan, These Weird Chains Of Craters On Mars’ Moon Phobos May Have An Unusual Origin, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Surface Transportation: Actions Needed to Improve Documentation of Key Decisions in the TIGER Discretionary Grant Program, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2014.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
A. Khalili, Spectrally formulated user-defined element in Abaqus for wave motion analysis and health monitoring of composite structures, Doctoral dissertation, Mississippi State University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
S. Hodara, Joyful Puzzles of Home and Transition, New York Times. (2015) WE9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Neurological Sciences
AbbreviationJ. Neurol. Sci.
ISSN (print)0022-510X
ScopeClinical Neurology

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