How to format your references using the International Journal of Pavement Research and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Pavement Research and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
C.B. Field, Global change. Sharing the garden, Science. 294 (2001) 2490–2491.
A journal article with 2 authors
D.C. Queller, J.E. Strassmann, The many selves of social insects, Science. 296 (2002) 311–313.
A journal article with 3 authors
P.J. Bayley, J.C. Frascino, L.R. Squire, Robust habit learning in the absence of awareness and independent of the medial temporal lobe, Nature. 436 (2005) 550–553.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J.A. Aten, J. Stap, P.M. Krawczyk, C.H. van Oven, R.A. Hoebe, J. Essers, R. Kanaar, Dynamics of DNA double-strand breaks revealed by clustering of damaged chromosome domains, Science. 303 (2004) 92–95.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
S. Uribe, Frontier Road, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2017.
An edited book
L.R. Singh, T.A. Dar, P. Ahmad, eds., Proteostasis and Chaperone Surveillance, Springer India, New Delhi, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
I. Choi, D. Kim, Multi-scale Integral Modified Census Transform for Eye Detection, in: G. Bebis, R. Boyle, B. Parvin, D. Koracin, C. Fowlkes, S. Wang, M.-H. Choi, S. Mantler, J. Schulze, D. Acevedo, K. Mueller, M. Papka (Eds.), Advances in Visual Computing: 8th International Symposium, ISVC 2012, Rethymnon, Crete, Greece, July 16-18, 2012, Revised Selected Papers, Part II, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2012: pp. 41–50.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Pavement Research and Technology.

Blog post
B. Taub, Sierra Leone Is Now Officially Free Of Ebola, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Navigation Planning: Need for a New Direction, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1978.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
K.S. Bhavsar, Application of wavelet on quasi-periodic physiologic signals, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J.R. Oestreich, Review: The Vienna Philharmonic Adds New Work, and Women, New York Times. (2017) C5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Pavement Research and Technology
ISSN (print)1996-6814
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering
Mechanics of Materials

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