How to format your references using the International Journal of Pavement Research and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Pavement Research and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
M.B. Graeber, Changing face of microglia, Science. 330 (2010) 783–788.
A journal article with 2 authors
L.J. van’t Veer, R. Bernards, Enabling personalized cancer medicine through analysis of gene-expression patterns, Nature. 452 (2008) 564–570.
A journal article with 3 authors
C. David, N.A. Mortensen, J. Christensen, Perfect imaging, epsilon-near zero phenomena and waveguiding in the scope of nonlocal effects, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 2526.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
A. Atkinson, V. Siegel, E. Pakhomov, P. Rothery, Long-term decline in krill stock and increase in salps within the Southern Ocean, Nature. 432 (2004) 100–103.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
C. Tang, The Data Industry: The Business and Economics of Information and Big Data, John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ, 2016.
An edited book
W.B. White, ed., Blood Pressure Monitoring in Cardiovascular Medicine and Therapeutics, Second Edition, Humana Press, Totowa, NJ, 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
H. Parret, From the Enquiry (1757) to the Fourth Kritisches Wäldchen (1769): Burke and Herder on the Division of the Senses, in: K. Vermeir, M. Funk Deckard (Eds.), The Science of Sensibility: Reading Burke’s Philosophical Enquiry, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2012: pp. 91–106.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Pavement Research and Technology.

Blog post
K. Evans, Republicans Launch Attempt To Repeal Endangered Species Act, IFLScience. (2017). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Telecommunications: Competition in the Mobile Communications Industry, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
D. Chung, Health Information Infrastructure: Flows and Frictions, Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
S. Ember, G. Bowley, First Trial In Cosby Case Is a Guide For the 2nd, New York Times. (2017) A11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Pavement Research and Technology
ISSN (print)1996-6814
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering
Mechanics of Materials

Other styles