How to format your references using the Sexual and Relationship Therapy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Sexual and Relationship Therapy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Williams, E. (2011). Environmental effects of information and communications technologies. Nature, 479(7373), 354–358.
A journal article with 2 authors
Henriksen-Lacey, M., & Giner-Casares, J. J. (2015). Nice to know you. Science (New York, N.Y.), 349(6253), 1254.
A journal article with 3 authors
Padture, N. P., Gell, M., & Jordan, E. H. (2002). Thermal barrier coatings for gas-turbine engine applications. Science (New York, N.Y.), 296(5566), 280–284.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Shi, Y., Zhang, Y., Zhao, F., Ruan, H., Huang, H., Luo, L., & Li, L. (2014). Acetylcholine serves as a derepressor in Loperamide-induced Opioid-Induced Bowel Dysfunction (OIBD) in zebrafish. Scientific Reports, 4, 5602.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Norton, L. (2013). How to Be a Global Nonprofit. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
P. Dicks, A. (2015). Green Chemistry Metrics: A Guide to Determining and Evaluating Process Greenness (A. Hent, Ed.). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Varzi, A. (2016). On Drawing Lines Across the Board. In L. Zaibert (Ed.), The Theory and Practice of Ontology (pp. 45–78). Palgrave Macmillan UK.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Sexual and Relationship Therapy.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2015, September 16). Check Out This Gorilla’s Reaction To Seeing Other Gorillas On A Smartphone. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1976). Performance Management in Higher Education (No. 094664). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Marulkar, S. (2016). Indoor object localization system [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. (2017, October 11). On Contraception, It’s Church Over State. New York Times, SR10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Williams, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Henriksen-Lacey & Giner-Casares, 2015; Williams, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Henriksen-Lacey & Giner-Casares, 2015)
  • Three authors: (Padture et al., 2002)
  • 6 or more authors: (Shi et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleSexual and Relationship Therapy
AbbreviationSex. Relation. Ther.
ISSN (print)1468-1994
ISSN (online)1468-1749
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Clinical Psychology

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