How to format your references using the Free Radicals and Antioxidants citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Free Radicals and Antioxidants. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Zülicke U. Applied physics. Ultrasmall wires get excited. Science. 2002;295(5556):810-811.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Chen JY, Huang DY. A possible Lower Cambrian chaetognath (arrow worm). Science. 2002;298(5591):187.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Bandfield JL, Glotch TD, Christensen PR. Spectroscopic identification of carbonate minerals in the martian dust. Science. 2003;301(5636):1084-1087.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Prasad KD, Trinath J, Biswas A, Sekar K, Balaji KN, Guru Row TN. Anthrapyrazolone analogues intercept inflammatory JNK signals to moderate endotoxin induced septic shock. Sci Rep. 2014;4:7214.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Lombard M. SolidWorks® 2011 Parts Bible. Wiley Publishing, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
1.
Wang F, ed. Formal Techniques for Networked and Distributed Systems - FORTE 2005: 25th IFIP WG 6.1 International Conference, Taipei, Taiwan, October 2-5, 2005. Proceedings. Vol 3731. Springer; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Duran A, Ferrer R, Klemm M, de Supinski BR, Ayguadé E. A Proposal for User-Defined Reductions in OpenMP. In: Sato M, Hanawa T, Müller MS, Chapman BM, Supinski BR de, eds. Beyond Loop Level Parallelism in OpenMP: Accelerators, Tasking and More: 6th Internationan Workshop on OpenMP, IWOMP 2010, Tsukuba, Japan, June 14-16, 2010 Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer; 2010:43-55.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Free Radicals and Antioxidants.

Blog post
1.
Davis J. 100-Million-Year-Old Relationship May Soon Be Driven To Extinction. IFLScience.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Aviation Research: Issues Related to FAA’s Research Activities. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1993.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
McKinney S. An Analysis of the Influence of No Child Left Behind and Arizona Learns on Middle -School Principal Leadership Behaviors and Responsibilities. Doctoral dissertation. University of Arizona; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Feeney K. Glorifying the Chickpea. New York Times. April 3, 2011:NJ9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleFree Radicals and Antioxidants
AbbreviationFree Radicals Antioxid.
ISSN (print)2231-2536
Scope

Other styles