How to format your references using the Free Radicals and Antioxidants citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Free Radicals and Antioxidants. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Nelson S. Big data: The Harvard computers. Nature. 2008;455(7209):36-37.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Messina R, Ben-Abdallah P. Graphene-based photovoltaic cells for near-field thermal energy conversion. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1383.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Trillo S, Gongora JST, Fratalocchi A. Wave instabilities in the presence of non vanishing background in nonlinear Schrödinger systems. Sci Rep. 2014;4:7285.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Fotin A, Cheng Y, Grigorieff N, Walz T, Harrison SC, Kirchhausen T. Structure of an auxilin-bound clathrin coat and its implications for the mechanism of uncoating. Nature. 2004;432(7017):649-653.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Islam MR, Speight JG. Peak Energy: Myth or Reality? Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
1.
Bhowmick SS, Küng J, Wagner R, eds. Database and Expert Systems Applications: 20th International Conference, DEXA 2009, Linz, Austria, August 31 – September 4, 2009. Proceedings. Vol 5690. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Golan M, Fransson G. Professional Codes of Conduct; Towards an Ethical Framework for Novice Teacher Educators. In: Swennen A, Klink M van der, eds. Becoming a Teacher Educator: Theory and Practice for Teacher Educators. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2009:45-57.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Free Radicals and Antioxidants.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Skin-Like Patch Monitors Your Heart. IFLScience.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Use of Appropriated Funds as Impact Aid to Educational Agencies. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1973.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Conill AL. Dosimetric consequences of the parotid glands using CT-to-CBCT deformable registration during IMRT for late stage head and neck cancers. 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Saslow L. Nassau to Transfer 9 Parks And 12 Roads to Town. New York Times. April 8, 2007:14LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleFree Radicals and Antioxidants
AbbreviationFree Radicals Antioxid.
ISSN (print)2231-2536
Scope

Other styles