How to format your references using the Free Radicals and Antioxidants citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Free Radicals and Antioxidants. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Kerr RA. CLIMATE PREDICTION: Second Thoughts on Skill Of El Nino Predictions. Science. 2000;290(5490):257-258.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Ziauddin J, Sabatini DM. Microarrays of cells expressing defined cDNAs. Nature. 2001;411(6833):107-110.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Rawson PD, Yund PO, Lindsay SM. Comment on “Divergent induced responses to an invasive predator in marine mussel populations.” Science. 2007;316(5821):53; author reply 53.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Ostermeier GC, Miller D, Huntriss JD, Diamond MP, Krawetz SA. Reproductive biology: delivering spermatozoan RNA to the oocyte. Nature. 2004;429(6988):154.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Shanmugam R, Chattamvelli R. Statistics for Scientists and Engineers. John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2015.
An edited book
1.
Silva SSD, Davy FB, eds. Success Stories in Asian Aquaculture. Springer Netherlands; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Torrent-Fontbona F, Pla A, López B. Using Multi-attribute Combinatorial Auctions for Resource Allocation. In: Müller JP, Weyrich M, Bazzan ALC, eds. Multiagent System Technologies: 12th German Conference, MATES 2014, Stuttgart, Germany, September 23-25, 2014. Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing; 2014:57-71.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Free Radicals and Antioxidants.

Blog post
1.
Fang J. Oil Spill May Have Caused Heart Defects In Fish. IFLScience. Published March 26, 2014. Accessed October 30, 2018. https://www.iflscience.com/environment/oil-spill-may-have-caused-heart-defects-fish/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Independent Media Development Abroad: Challenges Exist in Implementing U.S. Efforts and Measuring Results. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2005.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Gonzales M. Examining institutional career preparation: Student perceptions of their workplace readiness and the role of the university in student career development. Published online 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Herrman J. Who’s Too Young for an App? Musical.ly Testing the Limits. New York Times. September 19, 2016:B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleFree Radicals and Antioxidants
AbbreviationFree Radicals Antioxid.
ISSN (print)2231-2536
Scope

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