How to format your references using the Sex Roles citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Sex Roles. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wassarman, P. M. (2011). Development. The sperm’s sweet tooth. Science (New York, N.Y.), 333(6050), 1708–1709.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bienz, M., & He, X. (2012). Biochemistry. A lipid linchpin for Wnt-Fz docking. Science (New York, N.Y.), 337(6090), 44–45.
A journal article with 3 authors
Taylor, D. M., Tillery, S. I. H., & Schwartz, A. B. (2002). Direct cortical control of 3D neuroprosthetic devices. Science (New York, N.Y.), 296(5574), 1829–1832.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Lee, N., Maurange, C., Ringrose, L., & Paro, R. (2005). Suppression of Polycomb group proteins by JNK signalling induces transdetermination in Drosophila imaginal discs. Nature, 438(7065), 234–237.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
AIChE technical manual. (1998). Dow’s Chemical Exposure Index Guide. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Weisburd, D., Feucht, T., Hakimi, I., Mock, L., & Perry, S. (Eds.). (2011). To Protect and To Serve: Policing in an Age of Terrorism. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Gerami, P., Gammon, B., & Murphy, M. J. (2011). Melanocytic Neoplasms I: Molecular Diagnosis. In M. J. Murphy (Ed.), Molecular Diagnostics in Dermatology and Dermatopathology (pp. 73–103). Totowa, NJ: Humana Press.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Sex Roles.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, October 3). Where Did HIV Come From? IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1991). Telecommunications: GSA’s Difficulties Managing FTS 2000 (No. IMTEC-91-45). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Smith, M. P. (2009). De la página a la pantalla: Memoria de la Guerra Civil española en la narrativa contemporánea (Doctoral dissertation). University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Otis, J. (2016, December 14). A Tutor Is Inspired to Keep Learning. New York Times, p. A25.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wassarman 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Bienz and He 2012; Wassarman 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bienz and He 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Lee et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleSex Roles
AbbreviationSex Roles
ISSN (print)0360-0025
ISSN (online)1573-2762
ScopeDevelopmental and Educational Psychology
Social Psychology
Gender Studies

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