How to format your references using the Sex Roles citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Sex Roles. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Shindell, D. (2003). Climate change. Whither Arctic climate? Science (New York, N.Y.), 299(5604), 215–216.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kan, J., & Wang, Y. (2013). Large and fast reversible Li-ion storages in Fe2O3-graphene sheet-on-sheet sandwich-like nanocomposites. Scientific reports, 3, 3502.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lee, J. Y., Engelman, J. A., & Cantley, L. C. (2007). Biochemistry. PI3K charges ahead. Science (New York, N.Y.), 317(5835), 206–207.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Shin, Y., Lee, C., Yang, M.-S., Jeong, S., Kim, D., & Kang, T. (2014). Two-dimensional hyper-branched gold nanoparticles synthesized on a two-dimensional oil/water interface. Scientific reports, 4, 6119.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stokes, G. (2008). A Practical Guide to the Wiring Regulations. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Science Ltd.
An edited book
Fogh Olsen, O., Florack, L., & Kuijper, A. (Eds.). (2005). Deep Structure, Singularities, and Computer Vision: First International Workshop, DSSCV 2005, Maastricht, The Netherlands, June 9-10, 2005, Revised Selected Papers (Vol. 3753). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Casciati, F., & Chen, Z. (2010). Using GPS sensors in Structural Mechanics. In H. Irschik, M. Krommer, K. Watanabe, & T. Furukawa (Eds.), Mechanics and Model-Based Control of Smart Materials and Structures (pp. 29–38). Vienna: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Sex Roles.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, May 21). A Handful Of Bronze-Age Men Could Have Fathered Two Thirds Of Europeans. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2000). Federally Funded Math and Science Materials (No. GAO-01-81R). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Krepstekies, C. (2010). News Media Representations of Women in the U.S. Military Post September 11, 2001 (Doctoral dissertation). University of South Florida, Tampa, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cooper, M. (2017, April 25). A Red State’s Cultural Blues. New York Times, p. C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Shindell 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Kan and Wang 2013; Shindell 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kan and Wang 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Shin et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleSex Roles
AbbreviationSex Roles
ISSN (print)0360-0025
ISSN (online)1573-2762
ScopeDevelopmental and Educational Psychology
Social Psychology
Gender Studies

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