How to format your references using the Sex Roles citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Sex Roles. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
May, M. (2013). Heart health. Nature, 493(7434), S1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pfisterer, A. B., & Schmid, B. (2002). Diversity-dependent production can decrease the stability of ecosystem functioning. Nature, 416(6876), 84–86.
A journal article with 3 authors
Miller, K. M., Rog, O., & Cooper, J. P. (2006). Semi-conservative DNA replication through telomeres requires Taz1. Nature, 440(7085), 824–828.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Chen, M., Ma, E., Hemker, K. J., Sheng, H., Wang, Y., & Cheng, X. (2003). Deformation twinning in nanocrystalline aluminum. Science (New York, N.Y.), 300(5623), 1275–1277.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sinaiski, E. G. (2011). Hydromechanics. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Qi, E., Su, Q., Shen, J., Wu, F., & Dou, R. (Eds.). (2015). Proceedings of the 5th International Asia Conference on Industrial Engineering and Management Innovation (IEMI2014) (Vol. 1). Paris: Atlantis Press.
A chapter in an edited book
Armitage, J. (2006). Bacterial Behavior. In M. Dworkin, S. Falkow, E. Rosenberg, K.-H. Schleifer, & E. Stackebrandt (Eds.), The Prokaryotes: Volume 2: Ecophysiology and Biochemistry (pp. 102–139). New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Sex Roles.

Blog post
Taub, B. (2016, November 28). Scientists Have Coaxed Life Into Binding Silicon And Carbon For The First Time. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1995). Air Traffic Control: Issues Presented by Proposal to Create a Government Corporation (No. T-RCED-95-114). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Payne, N. A. (2010). Adults who have learning disabilities: Transition from GED to postsecondary activities (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Burghardt, L. F. (2005, October 9). Ready for Their Close-Up, a Couple Consults. New York Times, p. 14LI12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (May 2013).
This sentence cites two references (May 2013; Pfisterer and Schmid 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Pfisterer and Schmid 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Chen et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleSex Roles
AbbreviationSex Roles
ISSN (print)0360-0025
ISSN (online)1573-2762
ScopeDevelopmental and Educational Psychology
Social Psychology
Gender Studies

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