How to format your references using the Sex Roles citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Sex Roles. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bai, C. (2005). Global voices of science. Ascent of nanoscience in China. Science (New York, N.Y.), 309(5731), 61–63.
A journal article with 2 authors
Imondi, R., & Thomas, J. B. (2003). Neuroscience. The ups and downs of Wnt signaling. Science (New York, N.Y.), 302(5652), 1903–1904.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pollack, S. E., Dries, D., & Hulet, R. G. (2009). Universality in three- and four-body bound states of ultracold atoms. Science (New York, N.Y.), 326(5960), 1683–1685.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Kangas, A. T., Evans, A. R., Thesleff, I., & Jernvall, J. (2004). Nonindependence of mammalian dental characters. Nature, 432(7014), 211–214.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cortada, J. W. (2014). The Essential Manager. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Lu, Q., & Gao, H. H. (Eds.). (2015). Chinese Lexical Semantics: 16th Workshop, CLSW 2015, Beijing, China, May 9-11, 2015, Revised Selected Papers (1st ed. 2015., Vol. 9332). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Roos, V. (2016). Implementing the Mmogo-method: A Group of Setswana-Speaking Older People’s Relational Experiences in a Rural Community Setting. In V. Roos (Ed.), Understanding Relational and Group Experiences through the Mmogo-Method® (pp. 55–88). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Sex Roles.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2014, July 7). Researchers Discover Genetic Link To Autism. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1975). Need for a National Ocean Program and Plan (No. GGD-75-97). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McNamee, L. (2017). Best Practices in Higher Education Faculty Motivation (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kolomatsky, M. (2017, May 5). The Most Popular During April. New York Times, p. RE2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bai 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Bai 2005; Imondi and Thomas 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Imondi and Thomas 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Kangas et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleSex Roles
AbbreviationSex Roles
ISSN (print)0360-0025
ISSN (online)1573-2762
ScopeDevelopmental and Educational Psychology
Social Psychology
Gender Studies

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