How to format your references using the Sex Roles citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Sex Roles. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bernstein, R. (2015). Into the wilderness. Science (New York, N.Y.), 347(6227), 1282.
A journal article with 2 authors
Huang, Z. J., & Luo, L. (2015). NEUROSCIENCE. It takes the world to understand the brain. Science (New York, N.Y.), 350(6256), 42–44.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sagy, A., Reches, Z., & Fineberg, J. (2002). Dynamic fracture by large extraterrestrial impacts as the origin of shatter cones. Nature, 418(6895), 310–313.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Zhuang, J., Chen, X., Tan, Z., Zhu, Y., Zhao, K., & Yang, J. (2014). A novel de novo duplication mutation of PAX6 in a Chinese family with aniridia and other ocular abnormalities. Scientific reports, 4, 4836.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ratzliff, A., Unutzer, J., Katon, W., & Stephens, K. A. (2015). Integrated Care. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Sidoravičius, V. (Ed.). (2009). New Trends in Mathematical Physics: Selected contributions of the XVth International Congress on Mathematical Physics. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Charpentier, É., & Vézina, N. (2016). Les effets exercés par les crises financières sur la force obligatoire des contrats: certitudes et incertitudes du droit québécois en matière d’imprévision. In B. Başoğlu (Ed.), The Effects of Financial Crises on the Binding Force of Contracts - Renegotiation, Rescission or Revision (pp. 59–81). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Sex Roles.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2015, July 8). A Bizarre Five-Star System has Been Found that Doesn’t Look Like Anything We’ve Seen Before. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2007). National Transportation Safety Board: Observations on the Draft Business Plan for NTSB’s Training Center (No. GAO-07-886R). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
ELBoushi, T. C. (2010). Evaluating ethics training and the outcome on leadership decision making: A phenomenological study (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Johnson, G. (2013, June 30). What Made Him Tick. New York Times, p. BR22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bernstein 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Bernstein 2015; Huang and Luo 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Huang and Luo 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhuang et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleSex Roles
AbbreviationSex Roles
ISSN (print)0360-0025
ISSN (online)1573-2762
ScopeDevelopmental and Educational Psychology
Social Psychology
Gender Studies

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