How to format your references using the Chemical Physics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chemical Physics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J.F. Hartwig, Carbon-heteroatom bond formation catalysed by organometallic complexes, Nature. 455 (2008) 314–322.
A journal article with 2 authors
W.E. Paul, R.N. Germain, Obituary: Charles A. Janeway Jr (1943-2003), Nature. 423 (2003) 237.
A journal article with 3 authors
C.P. Doncaster, G.E. Pound, S.J. Cox, The ecological cost of sex, Nature. 404 (2000) 281–285.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
A.N. Krot, K.D. McKeegan, L.A. Leshin, G.J. MacPherson, E.R.D. Scott, Existence of an 16O-rich gaseous reservoir in the solar nebula, Science. 295 (2002) 1051–1054.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
D. Steele, From Therapist to Coach, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2011.
An edited book
G. Bordogna, G. Psaila, eds., Flexible Databases Supporting Imprecision and Uncertainty, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
W. Xu, C. Zheng, D. Sankoff, Paths and Cycles in Breakpoint Graphs of Random Multichromosomal Genomes, in: G. Bourque, N. El-Mabrouk (Eds.), Comparative Genomics: RECOMB 2006 International Workshop, RCG 2006 Montreal, Canada, September 24-26, 2006 Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2006: pp. 51–62.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chemical Physics.

Blog post
D. Andrew, Can Ayahuasca, The ‘Sacred Plant’ Of The Amazon, Help Addiction And Depression?, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Medicare: Callers Can Access 1-800-MEDICARE Services, but Responsibility within CMS for Limited English Proficiency Plan Unclear, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2008.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
S.I. Alsubaihi, Challenges for women academic leaders to obtain senior leadership positions in higher education in Saudi Arabia, Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University, 2016.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
G. Vecsey, An Event for the Elite and the Average Alike, New York Times. (2013) F2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleChemical Physics
AbbreviationChem. Phys.
ISSN (print)0301-0104
ScopePhysical and Theoretical Chemistry
General Physics and Astronomy

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