How to format your references using the Chemical Physics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chemical Physics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
M. Eisenstein, Medical marijuana: Showdown at the cannabis corral, Nature. 525 (2015) S15-7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Q. Wang, X.-B. Wang, Simulating of the measurement-device independent quantum key distribution with phase randomized general sources, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 4612.
A journal article with 3 authors
J.H. Schön, H. Meng, Z. Bao, Self-assembled monolayer organic field-effect transistors, Nature. 413 (2001) 713–716.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
M.R. Walsh, C.A. Koh, E.D. Sloan, A.K. Sum, D.T. Wu, Microsecond simulations of spontaneous methane hydrate nucleation and growth, Science. 326 (2009) 1095–1098.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
M. Golio, Engineering Your Retirement, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2006.
An edited book
O.A. El Sawy, Business Modelling in the Dynamic Digital Space: An Ecosystem Approach, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Y. Misnikov, Democratisating the Eastern Partnership in the Digital Age: Challenges and Opportunities of Political Association Beyond the Language of Official Texts, in: T. Kerikmäe, A. Chochia (Eds.), Political and Legal Perspectives of the EU Eastern Partnership Policy, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016: pp. 59–79.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chemical Physics.

Blog post
K. Hamilton, 12 Unimpressed Comments From Peer Reviewers, IFLScience. (2014). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Internal Revenue Service Data Center, Detroit, Michigan, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1969.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
E.L. Rosenberg, Learning to live: The clinical importance of first-person accounts of recovery from anorexia nervosa, Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
F. Robles, N. Stewart, A Church Shooting Defendant With ‘a Darkness to His Life,’ New York Times. (2015) A12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleChemical Physics
AbbreviationChem. Phys.
ISSN (print)0301-0104
ScopePhysical and Theoretical Chemistry
General Physics and Astronomy

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