How to format your references using the Chemical Physics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chemical Physics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
K. Kleiner, Crunch time for New Jersey lab, Nature. 440 (2006) 1111.
A journal article with 2 authors
S.S.-J. Lee, A. Mudaliar, Medicine. Racing forward: the Genomics and Personalized Medicine Act, Science. 323 (2009) 342.
A journal article with 3 authors
W.H. Robertson, E.G. Diken, M.A. Johnson, Chemistry. Snapshots of water at work, Science. 301 (2003) 320–321.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
D.F. Sanchez, G. Marmitt, C. Marin, D.L. Baptista, G. de M Azevedo, P.L. Grande, P.F.P. Fichtner, New approach for structural characterization of planar sets of nanoparticles embedded into a solid matrix, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 3414.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
J. Lloret, G. Shulman, R.M. Love, Condition and Health Indicators of Exploited Marine Fishes, John Wiley & Sons, Oxford, 2013.
An edited book
M. Daneva, O. Pastor, eds., Requirements Engineering: Foundation for Software Quality: 22nd International Working Conference, REFSQ 2016, Gothenburg, Sweden, March 14-17, 2016, Proceedings, 1st ed. 2016, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Z. Tan, X. Li, W. Mao, Agent-Based Modeling of Netizen Groups in Chinese Internet Events, in: M. Chau, G.A. Wang, X. Zheng, H. Chen, D. Zeng, W. Mao (Eds.), Intelligence and Security Informatics: Pacific Asia Workshop, PAISI 2011, Beijing, China, July 9, 2011. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2011: pp. 43–53.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chemical Physics.

Blog post
J. Fang, How Much Sleep Do You Really Need?, IFLScience. (2014). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Space Acquisitions: DOD Needs More Guidance on Decisions to Store Satellites, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2014.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
B.M. Albrinck, An Exploratory Study of Urban Transportation and Air Quality Issues Using CO as an Indicator, Doctoral dissertation, University of Cincinnati, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Kelly, COSMETIC LIB FOR MEN, New York Times. (1977) The New York Times Magazine234.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleChemical Physics
AbbreviationChem. Phys.
ISSN (print)0301-0104
ScopePhysical and Theoretical Chemistry
General Physics and Astronomy

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