How to format your references using the Chemical Physics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chemical Physics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J. Zaanen, Quantum critical electron systems: the uncharted sign worlds, Science. 319 (2008) 1205–1207.
A journal article with 2 authors
T.S. Majmudar, R.P. Behringer, Contact force measurements and stress-induced anisotropy in granular materials, Nature. 435 (2005) 1079–1082.
A journal article with 3 authors
U. Sauer, M. Heinemann, N. Zamboni, Genetics. Getting closer to the whole picture, Science. 316 (2007) 550–551.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
C.S.M. Turney, A.P. Kershaw, S.C. Clemens, N. Branch, P.T. Moss, L.K. Fifield, Millennial and orbital variations of El Niño/Southern Oscillation and high-latitude climate in the last glacial period, Nature. 428 (2004) 306–310.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
B. Singer, G. Fedorinchik, Investment Leadership and Portfolio Management, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2009.
An edited book
M. Scaioni, ed., Modern Technologies for Landslide Monitoring and Prediction, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
L. Zhang, B. Zhang, Quotient Space Based Multi-granular Analysis, in: Z. Zhang, J. Siekmann (Eds.), Knowledge Science, Engineering and Management: Second International Conference, KSEM 2007, Melbourne, Australia, November 28-30, 2007. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2007: pp. 17–17.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chemical Physics.

Blog post
S. Luntz, Bronze Age “World War Zero” Could Have Wiped Out A Mysterious Civilization, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Construction of a Computer Facilities Building by the Social Security Administration: Justification and Alternatives, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1976.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
A.O. Davidson, Observing action research processes in practice, Doctoral dissertation, University of North Carolina, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
D.A. Kelly, Trails, Trains and a Syrup House in Woodstock, Vt, New York Times. (2007) F8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleChemical Physics
AbbreviationChem. Phys.
ISSN (print)0301-0104
ScopePhysical and Theoretical Chemistry
General Physics and Astronomy

Other styles