How to format your references using the Plasmid citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Plasmid. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Banks, M., 2007. Seeking a PhD abroad. Nature 445, 680.
A journal article with 2 authors
Casanova, J.-L., Abel, L., 2007. Primary immunodeficiencies: a field in its infancy. Science 317, 617–619.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hernández, A.R., Klein, A.M., Kirschner, M.W., 2012. Kinetic responses of β-catenin specify the sites of Wnt control. Science 338, 1337–1340.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wildermuth, M.C., Dewdney, J., Wu, G., Ausubel, F.M., 2001. Isochorismate synthase is required to synthesize salicylic acid for plant defence. Nature 414, 562–565.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Barker, R.M., Puckett, J.A., 2013. Design of Highway Bridges. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Barafort, B., O’Connor, R.V., Poth, A., Messnarz, R. (Eds.), 2014. Systems, Software and Services Process Improvement: 21st European Conference, EuroSPI 2014, Luxembourg, June 25-27, 2014. Proceedings, Communications in Computer and Information Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Abbasi, S., Manteghi, S., Heidarzadegan, A., Nemati, Y., Parvin, H., 2015. A Robust Clustering via Swarm Intelligence, in: Gervasi, O., Murgante, B., Misra, S., Gavrilova, M.L., Rocha, A.M.A.C., Torre, C., Taniar, D., Apduhan, B.O. (Eds.), Computational Science and Its Applications -- ICCSA 2015: 15th International Conference, Banff, AB, Canada, June 22-25, 2015, Proceedings, Part II, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 55–70.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Plasmid.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Type 1 Diabetes Linked To Decreased Diversity In Microbiome [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/type-1-diabetes-linked-decreased-diversity-microbiome/ (accessed 10.30.18).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1996. Impacts of Closing Meigs Field Airport (No. RCED-96-256R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Roche, W.A., 2006. The Structure and Grounding of Epistemic Justification (Doctoral dissertation). Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Stewart, J.B., 2017. A Year of New Heights For the Dow, Led by Boeing. New York Times B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Banks, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Banks, 2007; Casanova and Abel, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Casanova and Abel, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Wildermuth et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titlePlasmid
AbbreviationPlasmid
ISSN (print)0147-619X
ScopeMolecular Biology

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