How to format your references using the Cilia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cilia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Gläser R. Catalysis: The complexity of intimacy. Nature. 2015;528:197–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Lyon BE, Eadie JM. An obligate brood parasite trapped in the intraspecific arms race of its hosts. Nature. 2004;432:390–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Nicoll RA, Tomita S, Bredt DS. Auxiliary subunits assist AMPA-type glutamate receptors. Science. 2006;311:1253–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Rinaldi S, Mura M, Castagna A, Fontani V. Long-lasting changes in brain activation induced by a single REAC technology pulse in Wi-Fi bands. Randomized double-blind fMRI qualitative study. Sci Rep. 2014;4:5668.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Grigorenko YN, Chilingar GV, Sobolev VS, Andiyeva TA, Zhukova LI. Petroleum Accumulation Zones on Continental Margins. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
1. Ochsner A, Altenbach H, editors. Advances in Bio-Mechanical Systems and Materials. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Manna M, Oro E, Ruffolo M, Alviano M, Leone N. The H $\imath$ L ε X System for Semantic Information Extraction. In: Hameurlain A, Küng J, Wagner R, editors. Transactions on Large-Scale Data- and Knowledge-Centered Systems V. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012. p. 91–125.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cilia.

Blog post
1. Davis J. Is Sunscreen Really Toxic? IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Transportation-Disadvantaged Populations: Federal Coordination Efforts Could Be Further Strengthened. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2012 Jun. Report No.: GAO-12-647.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Horn SW. Syntax, Semantics, and Pragmatics of Accusative-Quotative Constructions in Japanese [Doctoral dissertation]. [Columbus, OH]: Ohio State University; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
1. Ortved J. Browsing for Denim. Or a Toothbrush. New York Times. 2017 May 4;D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCilia
AbbreviationCilia
ISSN (online)2046-2530
Scope

Other styles