How to format your references using the Cilia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cilia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Haag AL. Algae bloom again. Nature. 2007;447:520–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Okamoto N, Inouye I. A secondary symbiosis in progress? Science. 2005;310:287.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Huntington JA, Read RJ, Carrell RW. Structure of a serpin-protease complex shows inhibition by deformation. Nature. 2000;407:923–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Henshilwood C, d’Errico F, Vanhaeren M, van Niekerk K, Jacobs Z. Middle Stone Age shell beads from South Africa. Science. 2004;304:404.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Sahinoglu M. Cyber-Risk Informatics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2016.
An edited book
1. Chen H, editor. Large Research Infrastructures Development in China: A Roadmap to 2050. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Michalak T, Engwerda J, Plasmans J, van Aarle B, Di Bartolomeo G. Models of Endogenous Coalition Formation Between Fiscal and Monetary Authorities in the Presence of a Monetary Union. In: Neck R, Richter C, Mooslechner P, editors. Quantitative Economic Policy: Essays in Honour of Andrew Hughes Hallett. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008. p. 103–36.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cilia.

Blog post
1. Fang J. Kangaroos Have Five Legs. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. [Comments on Sequesterability of Railroad Supplemental Annuity Pension Fund]. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1988 Mar. Report No.: B-229738.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Kehoe MI. Tobacco control: A qualitative assessment of the perceptions and practices of nurse practitioners [Doctoral dissertation]. [Phoenix, AZ]: University of Phoenix; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Traub J. Think Locally, Act Locally. New York Times. 2017 Oct 11;BR19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCilia
AbbreviationCilia
ISSN (online)2046-2530
Scope

Other styles