How to format your references using the Cilia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cilia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Lipton P. Testing hypotheses: prediction and prejudice. Science. 2005;307:219–21.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Yeates TO, Beeby M. Biochemistry. Proteins in a small world. Science. 2006;314:1882–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Jaffer H, Adjei IM, Labhasetwar V. Optical imaging to map blood-brain barrier leakage. Sci Rep. 2013;3:3117.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Liu H-D, Chen Y-H, Lin H-F, Tao H-S, Liu W-M. Antiferromagnetic metal and Mott transition on Shastry-Sutherland lattice. Sci Rep. 2014;4:4829.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Wang Z-G. Internal Combustion Processes of Liquid Rocket Engines. Singapore: John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte Ltd; 2016.
An edited book
1. Li X, Zaïane OR, Li Z, editors. Advanced Data Mining and Applications: Second International Conference, ADMA 2006, Xi’an, China, August 14-16, 2006 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Hanyu T. Challenge of Nonvolatile Logic LSI Using MTJ-Based Logic-in-Memory Architecture. In: Zhao W, Prenat G, editors. Spintronics-based Computing. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. p. 159–77.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cilia.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Gene Linked To Youthful Appearance May Help Solve Ageing Puzzle [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/gene-linked-youthful-appearance-may-help-solve-ageing-puzzle/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. The Legislative Focus on Federal ADP Procurement and GAO’s Role. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1976 Nov. Report No.: 100061.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Do NH. An examination of support systems to enable Vietnamese immigrants to acquire English skills [Doctoral dissertation]. [Phoenix, AZ]: University of Phoenix; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Koblin J. After Search Of 5 Months, CBS Names New Anchor. New York Times. 2017 Oct 25;B4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCilia
AbbreviationCilia
ISSN (online)2046-2530
Scope

Other styles