How to format your references using the Cilia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cilia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Reichhardt T. New form of hydrogen power provokes scepticism. Nature. 2000;404:218.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Yang WY, Gruebele M. Folding at the speed limit. Nature. 2003;423:193–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Nykypanchuk D, Strey HH, Hoagland DA. Brownian motion of DNA confined within a two-dimensional array. Science. 2002;297:987–90.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Colantonio JR, Vermot J, Wu D, Langenbacher AD, Fraser S, Chen J-N, et al. The dynein regulatory complex is required for ciliary motility and otolith biogenesis in the inner ear. Nature. 2009;457:205–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Abner DJ. The ETF Handbook. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
1. Rittger H, editor. Interventional Cardiology in the Elderly. 1st ed. 2015. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Morel M. Model-Based Safety Approach for Early Validation of Integrated and Modular Avionics Architectures. In: Ortmeier F, Rauzy A, editors. Model-Based Safety and Assessment: 4th International Symposium, IMBSA 2014, Munich, Germany, October 27-29, 2014 Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014. p. 57–69.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cilia.

Blog post
1. Carpineti A. Comets Spurt Out Chemicals In Specific Ways [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/comets-spurt-out-chemicals-in-specific-ways/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Need for a National Ocean Program and Plan. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1975 Oct. Report No.: GGD-75-97.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Dinh H. A study of cell-based genetic algorithms with applications to neural networks [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Sisario B. Beyoncé Cancels Coachella Performances. New York Times. 2017 Feb 23;C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCilia
AbbreviationCilia
ISSN (online)2046-2530
Scope

Other styles