How to format your references using the Service Oriented Computing and Applications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Service Oriented Computing and Applications (SOCA). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Amelino-Camelia G (2001) A phenomenological description of space-time noise in quantum gravity. Nature 410:1065–1067
A journal article with 2 authors
Graham S, Hegde D (2015) Intellectual Property. Disclosing patents’ secrets. Science 347:236–237
A journal article with 3 authors
Kinney MA, Saeed R, McDevitt TC (2014) Mesenchymal morphogenesis of embryonic stem cells dynamically modulates the biophysical microtissue niche. Sci Rep 4:4290
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Aihara I, Mizumoto T, Otsuka T, et al (2014) Spatio-temporal dynamics in collective frog choruses examined by mathematical modeling and field observations. Sci Rep 4:3891

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mitra A (2008) Fundamentals of Quality Control and Improvement. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Ramawat KG, Mérillon J-M (2015) Polysaccharides: Bioactivity and Biotechnology. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Bhattacharya S, Michael N, Kumar V (2013) Distributed Coverage and Exploration in Unknown Non-convex Environments. In: Martinoli A, Mondada F, Correll N, et al (eds) Distributed Autonomous Robotic Systems: The 10th International Symposium. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 61–75

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Service Oriented Computing and Applications.

Blog post
Andrews R (2017) A Piece Of Hawaii Just Fell Into The Sea And Exploded. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1983) The Effects of Changes in the Telecommunications Industry on FCC Operations. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fay JE (2014) California employer perspectives on older working adults specific to the Affordable Care Act health insurance mandate. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams J (2016) A Timeless Observer. New York Times BR6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleService Oriented Computing and Applications
AbbreviationServ. Oriented Comput. Appl.
ISSN (print)1863-2386
ISSN (online)1863-2394
ScopeManagement Information Systems
Hardware and Architecture
Information Systems

Other styles