How to format your references using the Systematic Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Systematic Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Brumfiel G. Pumping row erodes hopes for underground lab. Nature. 2003;423:674.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Dutton A, Lambeck K. Ice volume and sea level during the last interglacial. Science. 2012;337:216–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Lambers JHR, Clark JS, Beckage B. Density-dependent mortality and the latitudinal gradient in species diversity. Nature. 2002;417:732–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Grogg MW, Call MK, Okamoto M, Vergara MN, Del Rio-Tsonis K, Tsonis PA. BMP inhibition-driven regulation of six-3 underlies induction of newt lens regeneration. Nature. 2005;438:858–62.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Natsuno T. i-Mode Strategy. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2005.
An edited book
1. Ah-King M, editor. Challenging Popular Myths of Sex, Gender and Biology. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Boerner P, Edwards C, Lemen J, Rausch A, Schrijver C, Shine R, et al. Initial Calibration of the Atmospheric Imaging Assembly (AIA) on the Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO). In: Chamberlin P, Pesnell WD, Thompson B, editors. The Solar Dynamics Observatory. New York, NY: Springer US; 2012. p. 41–66.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Systematic Reviews.

Blog post
1. O`Callaghan J. This Titan Submarine is one of Several Futuristic Projects NASA is Funding. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Teacher Quality: Sustained Coordination among Key Federal Education Programs Could Enhance State Efforts to Improve Teacher Quality. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2009 Jul. Report No.: GAO-09-593.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. McCourt SB. A phenomenological study of anticipated housing, healthcare, and biopsychosocial needs of aging female baby boomers [Doctoral dissertation]. [Phoenix, AZ]: University of Phoenix; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Vecsey G. Football Coaches Find Stress And Satisfaction. New York Times. 2010 Sep 25;D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSystematic Reviews
AbbreviationSyst. Rev.
ISSN (online)2046-4053
ScopeMedicine (miscellaneous)

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