How to format your references using the Systematic Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Systematic Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Parak F. Rudolf L. Mössbauer (1929-2011). Nature. 2011;478:325.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Nanus DM, Giannakakou P. CANCER. Cancer therapies that are gone with the Wnt. Science. 2015;349:1283–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Sánchez I, Mahlke C, Yuan J. Pivotal role of oligomerization in expanded polyglutamine neurodegenerative disorders. Nature. 2003;421:373–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. van de Wal RSW, Boot W, van den Broeke MR, Smeets CJPP, Reijmer CH, Donker JJA, et al. Large and rapid melt-induced velocity changes in the ablation zone of the Greenland Ice Sheet. Science. 2008;321:111–3.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. French M, Szepesvári C, Rogers E. Performance of Nonlinear Approximate Adaptive Controllers. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2005.
An edited book
1. Han W-S, Lee ML, Muliantara A, Sanjaya NA, Thalheim B, Zhou S, editors. Database Systems for Advanced Applications: 19th International Conference, DASFAA 2014, International Workshops: BDMA, DaMEN, SIM3, UnCrowd; Bali, Indonesia, April 21--24, 2014, Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Ferrari S, Zanotto V. Thermal Comfort Approaches and Building Performance. In: Zanotto V, editor. Building Energy Performance Assessment in Southern Europe. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 47–60.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Systematic Reviews.

Blog post
1. Davis J. Antarctica Is Greening Due To Climate Change [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/antarctica-is-greening-due-to-climate-change/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Next Generation Air Transportation System: FAA and NASA Have Improved Human Factors Research Coordination, but Stronger Leadership Needed. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2010 Aug. Report No.: GAO-10-824.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Ciolek R. A Mixed Method Study on the Missouri Beginning Teachers Assistance Program and Teacher Retention in Saint Louis School Districts [Doctoral dissertation]. [ St. Charles, MO]: Lindenwood University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Luongo MT. Capturing A City at War With Itself. New York Times. 2017 Aug 13;C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSystematic Reviews
AbbreviationSyst. Rev.
ISSN (online)2046-4053
ScopeMedicine (miscellaneous)

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