How to format your references using the Radiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Radiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Pegrum CM. Applied physics. Can a fraction of a quantum be better than a whole one? Science. 2006;312(5779):1483–1484.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Li R, Wang Y. Neural mechanism for sensing fast motion in dim light. Sci Rep. 2013;3:3159.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Putnam CD, Hayes TK, Kolodner RD. Specific pathways prevent duplication-mediated genome rearrangements. Nature. 2009;460(7258):984–989.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Ye Y, Shibata Y, Yun C, Ron D, Rapoport TA. A membrane protein complex mediates retro-translocation from the ER lumen into the cytosol. Nature. 2004;429(6994):841–847.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Tolin DF, Worden BL, Wootton BM, Gilliam CM. CBT for Hoarding Disorder. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2017.
An edited book
1.
Kranzlmüller D, Toja AM, editors. Information and Communication on Technology for the Fight against Global Warming: First International Conference, ICT-GLOW 2011, Toulouse, France, August 30-31, 2011. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Kensche D, Quix C, Chatti MA, Jarke M. GeRoMe: A Generic Role Based Metamodel for Model Management. In: Spaccapietra S, Atzeni P, Fages F, et al., editors. Journal on Data Semantics VIII. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007. p. 82–117.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Radiology.

Blog post
1.
Luntz S. New Study Suggests Genetic Link To Homosexuality. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014. https://www.iflscience.com/brain/case-builds-genetic-influence-sexuality/. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Major Science and Technology Issues. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1981 Jan. Report No.: PAD-81-35.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Lupian S. Educating the Latino community on the relationship between obesity and psychosocial well being [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Sisario B. After 15 Years, New York Is Back as Grammy Host. New York Times. May 9, 2017;B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleRadiology
AbbreviationRadiology
ISSN (print)0033-8419
ISSN (online)1527-1315
ScopeRadiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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