How to format your references using the SERIEs citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for SERIEs. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Knight D (2007) Kinds of minds. Nature 447:149
A journal article with 2 authors
Casals F, Bertranpetit J (2012) Genetics. Human genetic variation, shared and private. Science 337:39–40
A journal article with 3 authors
Oerlemans J, Dahl-Jensen D, Masson-Delmotte V (2006) Ice sheets and sea level. Science 313:1043–5; author reply 1043-5
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Gierasch PJ, Ingersoll AP, Banfield D, et al (2000) Observation of moist convection in Jupiter’s atmosphere. Galileo Imaging Team. Nature 403:628–630

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hull B (2010) Manufacturing Best Practices. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Feron E (ed) (2016) Advances in Control System Technology for Aerospace Applications, 1st ed. 2016. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Raffensperger JF (2011) The Economic Value of Dietary Supplements. In: Gerald JK, Watson RR, Preedy VR (eds) Nutrients, Dietary Supplements, and Nutriceuticals: Cost Analysis Versus Clinical Benefits. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ, pp 41–53

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for SERIEs.

Blog post
Davis J (2015) Humane Shark Deterrent Prevents 90% of Encounters. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2014) Consumers’ Location Data: Companies Take Steps to Protect Privacy, but Practices Are Inconsistent, and Risks May Not be Clear to Consumers. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Caldretti M (2017) Vocal Pedagogy and the Adolescent Female Singing Voice. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Haikalis G (2015) Don’t Rehab La Guardia Airport. Close It. New York Times A25

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Knight 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Knight 2007; Casals and Bertranpetit 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Casals and Bertranpetit 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Gierasch et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleSERIEs
AbbreviationSERIEs (Berl)
ISSN (print)1869-4187
ISSN (online)1869-4195
ScopeGeneral Economics, Econometrics and Finance

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