How to format your references using the SERIEs citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for SERIEs. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Randolph GJ (2011) Immunology. No need to coax monocytes. Science 332:1268–1269
A journal article with 2 authors
Das S, Kumar A (2014) Formation and post-formation dynamics of bacterial biofilm streamers as highly viscous liquid jets. Sci Rep 4:7126
A journal article with 3 authors
Mang PK, Larochelle S, Greven M (2003) Condensed-matter physics: spurious magnetism in high-T(c) superconductor. Nature 426:139–40; discussion 140
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Cramwinckel MJ, Huber M, Kocken IJ, et al (2018) Synchronous tropical and polar temperature evolution in the Eocene. Nature 559:382–386

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Castañeda LB, Arunachalam V, Dharmaraja S (2012) Introduction to Probability and Stochastic Processes with Applications. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Serrelli E, Gontier N (eds) (2015) Macroevolution: Explanation, Interpretation and Evidence. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Henriksen FL, Schorling P, Hansen B, et al (2014) FirstAED Emergency Dispatch, Global Positioning of First Responders with Distinct Roles - A Solution to Reduce the Response Times and Ensuring Early Defibrillation in the Rural Area Langeland. In: Saranto K, Castrén M, Kuusela T, et al. (eds) Safe and Secure Cities: 5th International Conference on Well-Being in the Information Society, WIS 2014, Turku, Finland, August 18-20, 2014. Proceedings. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 36–45

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for SERIEs.

Blog post
Hale T (2016) Can You Figure Out Where The “Missing Coin” Goes In This Viral Brain Teaser? In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2016) GAO Technology Readiness Assessment Guide: Best Practices for Evaluating the Readiness of Technology for Use in Acquisition Programs and Projects--Exposure Draft. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Haneef NJ (2009) A synthesized conceptual framework for the design of user interfaces of interactive information products. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dynarski S (2015) Where Charter Schools Outperform. New York Times BU6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Randolph 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Randolph 2011; Das and Kumar 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Das and Kumar 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Cramwinckel et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleSERIEs
AbbreviationSERIEs (Berl)
ISSN (print)1869-4187
ISSN (online)1869-4195
ScopeGeneral Economics, Econometrics and Finance

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