How to format your references using the SERIEs citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for SERIEs. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gaudet A (2015) A grad school survival guide. Science 347:1386
A journal article with 2 authors
Wyithe JSB, Loeb A (2004) A characteristic size of approximately 10 Mpc for the ionized bubbles at the end of cosmic reionization. Nature 432:194–196
A journal article with 3 authors
Verhulst EC, Beukeboom LW, van de Zande L (2010) Maternal control of haplodiploid sex determination in the wasp Nasonia. Science 328:620–623
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Jordan MB, Mills DM, Kappler J, et al (2004) Promotion of B cell immune responses via an alum-induced myeloid cell population. Science 304:1808–1810

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Burghardt G, Walls B (2011) Managed Futures for Institutional Investors. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Shaker N (2016) Procedural Content Generation in Games. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Fugini MG, Maggiolini P, Valles RS (2014) Borsa Lavoro Lombardia. In: Maggiolini P, Valles RS (eds) e-Government and Employment Services: A Case Study in Effectiveness. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 57–82

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for SERIEs.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J (2017) You Can Now Buy Tesla’s Solar Roof Tiles (If You’re Very Rich). In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2007) Passenger Rail Security: Federal Strategy and Enhanced Coordination Needed to Prioritize and Guide Security Efforts. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Karlen DJ (2010) The Biocomplexity of Benthic Communities Associated with a Shallow-water Hydrothermal System in Papua New Guinea. Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Novick SM (2015) Prepared Foods With Panache. New York Times LI9

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gaudet 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Wyithe and Loeb 2004; Gaudet 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wyithe and Loeb 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Jordan et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleSERIEs
AbbreviationSERIEs (Berl)
ISSN (print)1869-4187
ISSN (online)1869-4195
ScopeGeneral Economics, Econometrics and Finance

Other styles