How to format your references using the SERIEs citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for SERIEs. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zoback MD (2000) Earth science. Strength of the San Andreas. Nature 405:31–32
A journal article with 2 authors
Aratyn-Schaus Y, Gardel ML (2008) Biophysics. Clutch dynamics. Science 322:1646–1647
A journal article with 3 authors
Chuang JS, Rivoire O, Leibler S (2009) Simpson’s paradox in a synthetic microbial system. Science 323:272–275
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Sharma V, Crne M, Park JO, Srinivasarao M (2009) Structural origin of circularly polarized iridescence in jeweled beetles. Science 325:449–451

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fencott C, Lockyer M, Clay J, Massey P (2012) Game Invaders. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Giese H, Karsai G, Lee E, et al (eds) (2010) Model-Based Engineering of Embedded Real-Time Systems: International Dagstuhl Workshop, Dagstuhl Castle, Germany, November 4-9, 2007. Revised Selected Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Jackson EK, Schulte W, Balasubramanian D, Karsai G (2010) Reusing Model Transformations While Preserving Properties. In: Rosenblum DS, Taentzer G (eds) Fundamental Approaches to Software Engineering: 13th International Conference, FASE 2010, Held as Part of the Joint European Conferences on Theory and Practice of Software, ETAPS 2010, Paphos, Cyprus, March 20-28, 2010. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 44–58

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for SERIEs.

Blog post
Andrews R (2016) Germany Just Produced So Much Renewable Energy That It Had To Pay People To Use It. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2008) Responses to Questions for the Record; September 2008 Hearing on the Next Generation Air Transportation System: Status and Issues. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wolfenden A (2012) Factors predicting oncology care providers’ behavioral intention to adopt clinical decision support systems. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines GG (2014) A New Superhero Arrives to Protect the Powerless. New York Times C3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Zoback 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Zoback 2000; Aratyn-Schaus and Gardel 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Aratyn-Schaus and Gardel 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Sharma et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleSERIEs
AbbreviationSERIEs (Berl)
ISSN (print)1869-4187
ISSN (online)1869-4195
ScopeGeneral Economics, Econometrics and Finance

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