How to format your references using the SERIEs citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for SERIEs. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Benedetti-Cecchi L (2000) Variance in ecological consumer-resource interactions. Nature 407:370–374
A journal article with 2 authors
Goldenfeld N, Woese C (2007) Biology’s next revolution. Nature 445:369
A journal article with 3 authors
Álvarez GA, Suter D, Kaiser R (2015) QUANTUM SIMULATION. Localization-delocalization transition in the dynamics of dipolar-coupled nuclear spins. Science 349:846–848
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Dobbins IG, Schnyer DM, Verfaellie M, Schacter DL (2004) Cortical activity reductions during repetition priming can result from rapid response learning. Nature 428:316–319

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ward S (2014) TraderMind. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Caramia M (2006) Effective Resource Management in Manufacturing Systems: Optimization Algorithms for Production Planning. Springer, London
A chapter in an edited book
Yousefi B, Ghassemi F, Khosravi R (2015) Modeling and Efficient Verification of Broadcasting Actors. In: Dastani M, Sirjani M (eds) Fundamentals of Software Engineering: 6th International Conference, FSEN 2015, Tehran, Iran, April 22-24, 2015. Revised Selected Papers. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 69–83

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for SERIEs.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J (2015) New Tool Increases Battery Life Of Phones By 16%. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2002) Electronic Government: Proposal Addresses Critical Challenges. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Haws SW (2012) A multilevel study of schools’ influences on adolescent substance use. Doctoral dissertation, University of North Carolina

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L (2006) Justices Uphold a Death Sentence Twice Overturned. New York Times A25

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Benedetti-Cecchi 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Benedetti-Cecchi 2000; Goldenfeld and Woese 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Goldenfeld and Woese 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Dobbins et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleSERIEs
AbbreviationSERIEs (Berl)
ISSN (print)1869-4187
ISSN (online)1869-4195
ScopeGeneral Economics, Econometrics and Finance

Other styles