How to format your references using the Journal of International Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of International Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lisse, C., 2015. PLANETARY SCIENCE. Comet Siding Spring, up close and personal. Science 350, 277–278.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ohlstein, B., Spradling, A., 2006. The adult Drosophila posterior midgut is maintained by pluripotent stem cells. Nature 439, 470–474.
A journal article with 3 authors
Siu, Z.B., Jalil, M.B.A., Tan, S.G., 2014. Topological state transport in topological insulators under the influence of hexagonal warping and exchange coupling to in-plane magnetizations. Sci. Rep. 4, 5062.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Bigenzahn, J.W., Collu, G.M., Kartnig, F., Pieraks, M., Vladimer, G.I., Heinz, L.X., Sedlyarov, V., Schischlik, F., Fauster, A., Rebsamen, M., Parapatics, K., Blomen, V.A., Müller, A.C., Winter, G.E., Kralovics, R., Brummelkamp, T.R., Mlodzik, M., Superti-Furga, G., 2018. LZTR1 is a regulator of RAS ubiquitination and signaling. Science.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Brendel, R., 2005. Thin-Film Crystalline Silicon Solar Cells. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG.
An edited book
González Alonso, I., 2011. Service Robotics within the Digital Home: Applications and Future Prospects, Intelligent Systems, Control and Automation: Science and Engineering. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Conte, C., Ungaro, F., Mazzaglia, A., Quaglia, F., 2014. Photodynamic Therapy for Cancer: Principles, Clinical Applications, and Nanotechnological Approaches, in: Alonso, M.J., Garcia-Fuentes, M. (Eds.), Nano-Oncologicals: New Targeting and Delivery Approaches, Advances in Delivery Science and Technology. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 123–160.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of International Management.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2015. Skeleton Locked in Limestone Yields Oldest Neanderthal DNA [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1990. Space Transportation: NASA Has No Firm Need for Increasingly Costly Orbital Maneuvering Vehicle (No. NSIAD-90-192). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mayfield, K.M., 2010. Project managers’ experience and description of decision uncertainty associated with the agile software development methodology: A phenomenological study (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander, S., 2000. Powells Are Sticking Together. New York Times D10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lisse, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Lisse, 2015; Ohlstein and Spradling, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ohlstein and Spradling, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Bigenzahn et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of International Management
AbbreviationJ. Int. Manag.
ISSN (print)1075-4253
ScopeBusiness and International Management
Strategy and Management

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