How to format your references using the Journal of International Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of International Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Guston, D.H., 2008. Innovation policy: not just a jumbo shrimp. Nature 454, 940–941.
A journal article with 2 authors
Di Franco, C., Paternostro, M., 2013. A no-go result on the purification of quantum states. Sci. Rep. 3, 1387.
A journal article with 3 authors
Amin, M., Farhat, M., Baǧcı, H., 2013. A dynamically reconfigurable Fano metamaterial through graphene tuning for switching and sensing applications. Sci. Rep. 3, 2105.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Sikes, H.D., Smalley, J.F., Dudek, S.P., Cook, A.R., Newton, M.D., Chidsey, C.E., Feldberg, S.W., 2001. Rapid electron tunneling through oligophenylenevinylene bridges. Science 291, 1519–1523.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Horváth, T., 2006. Understanding Lightning and Lightning Protection. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, England.
An edited book
Linke, S.J., Katz, T. (Eds.), 2016. Complications in Corneal Laser Surgery. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
McKay, C.P., 2010. Disorders of Magnesium Metabolism, in: Feld, L.G., Kaskel, F.J. (Eds.), Fluid and Electrolytes in Pediatrics: A Comprehensive Handbook. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ, pp. 149–171.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of International Management.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J., 2015. Turning Atmospheric CO2 Into Carbon Nanofibers Could Reduce Global Warming [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1971. Involvement of the Office of Education, Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, in the Development of an Information System Called the College Suggestor (No. B-164031(1)). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Domina, N.V., 2009. Gender and culture influences on leadership perceptions (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams, J., 2017. Reading by Numbers. New York Times BR4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Guston, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Di Franco and Paternostro, 2013; Guston, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Di Franco and Paternostro, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Sikes et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of International Management
AbbreviationJ. Int. Manag.
ISSN (print)1075-4253
ScopeBusiness and International Management
Strategy and Management

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