How to format your references using the Journal of International Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of International Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brydson, R., 2014. Materials analysis: Good vibrations. Nature 514, 177–178.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kern, B., Martin, C., 2002. Optical pulsations from the anomalous X-ray pulsar 4U0142+61. Nature 417, 527–529.
A journal article with 3 authors
Saikia, A., Frost, D.J., Rubie, D.C., 2008. Splitting of the 520-kilometer seismic discontinuity and chemical heterogeneity in the mantle. Science 319, 1515–1518.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Alam, M.A., Smith, R.K., Weir, B.E., Silverman, P.J., 2002. Thin dielectric films: Uncorrelated breakdown of integrated circuits. Nature 420, 378.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Evtukh, A., Hartnagel, H., Yilmazoglu, O., Mimura, H., Pavlidis, D., 2015. Vacuum Nanoelectronic Devices. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Marshall, K., 2007. Pro Active Record: Databases with Ruby and Rails. Apress, Berkeley, CA.
A chapter in an edited book
Bellardita, L., 2013. Dalla visita multidisciplinare alla riunione collegiale, in: Bellardita, Lara, Magnani, T., Valdagni, R. (Eds.), Il Tumore Alla Prostata: Paziente, Familiari e Medici: Esperienze Narrate. Springer, Milano, pp. 25–35.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of International Management.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Here’s Why McDonald’s Burgers Don’t Rot [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1973. Evaluation of the Office of Economic Opportunity’s Performance Contracting Experiment (No. B-130515). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ahmed, S., 2013. Human fatigue in prolonged mentally demanding work-tasks: An observational study in the field (Doctoral dissertation). Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams, J., 2017. Some Inheritances Aren’t Prized. New York Times C6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Brydson, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Brydson, 2014; Kern and Martin, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kern and Martin, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Alam et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of International Management
AbbreviationJ. Int. Manag.
ISSN (print)1075-4253
ScopeBusiness and International Management
Strategy and Management

Other styles