How to format your references using the Journal of International Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of International Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Collins, J.J., 2009. Journal club. A bioengineer gets schooled by Escherichia coli. Nature 460, 155.
A journal article with 2 authors
Türkmen, Y.E., Aggarwal, V.K., 2014. A simpler route for making nitrogen-alkene rings. [corrected]. Science 343, 33–34.
A journal article with 3 authors
Day, M., Langston, R., Morris, R.G.M., 2003. Glutamate-receptor-mediated encoding and retrieval of paired-associate learning. Nature 424, 205–209.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Bailes, E., Gao, F., Bibollet-Ruche, F., Courgnaud, V., Peeters, M., Marx, P.A., Hahn, B.H., Sharp, P.M., 2003. Hybrid origin of SIV in chimpanzees. Science 300, 1713.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lu, J., Zhao, X., Yamada, S., 2016. Harmonic Balance Finite Element Method. John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd, Singapore.
An edited book
Duedahl, P. (Ed.), 2016. A History of UNESCO: Global Actions and Impacts. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Berkowitz, S., 2006. Alternative Method Used to Correct Distorted Neonatal Cleft Arch Forms, in: Berkowitz, S. (Ed.), Cleft Lip and Palate. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 35–40.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of International Management.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2017. Google’s AI Is Now Creating Its Own AI [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1978. Activities of the Economic Opportunities Development Corporation of San Antonio and Bexar County, Texas (No. HRD-78-106). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kuru, I.C., 2013. Time-Dependent Vehicle Routing and Assignment in No-Notice Evacuations (Doctoral dissertation). Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Chapman, M.M., 2010. Detroit Reins In an Annual Halloween Revelry. New York Times A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Collins, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Collins, 2009; Türkmen and Aggarwal, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Türkmen and Aggarwal, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Bailes et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of International Management
AbbreviationJ. Int. Manag.
ISSN (print)1075-4253
ScopeBusiness and International Management
Strategy and Management

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