How to format your references using the Seminars in Pediatric Surgery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Seminars in Pediatric Surgery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Crow JM. Obesity: insensitive issue. Nature. 2012;486(7403):S12-3.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
McKerracher L, Ellezam B. Development. Putting the brakes on regeneration. Science. 2002;296(5574):1819-1820.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Gravina B, Mellars P, Ramsey CB. Radiocarbon dating of interstratified Neanderthal and early modern human occupations at the Chatelperronian type-site. Nature. 2005;438(7064):51-56.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Lahaye T, Koch T, Fröhlich B, et al. Strong dipolar effects in a quantum ferrofluid. Nature. 2007;448(7154):672-675.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Khatib T, Elmenreich W. Modeling of Photovoltaic Systems Using MATLAB ®. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
1.
Li X, ed. Signal Processing in Neuroscience. Singapore: Springer; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Kouřimská H, Skuppin L, Springborn B. A Variational Principle for Cyclic Polygons with Prescribed Edge Lengths. In: Bobenko AI, ed. Advances in Discrete Differential Geometry. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2016:177-195.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Seminars in Pediatric Surgery.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. You Could Be Flying In A Windowless Plane Within A Decade. IFLScience.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Reporting of Federal Funds for Research and Development. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1978.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Jin R. Graph-Based Rhythm Interpretation in Optical Music Recognition. 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Vecsey G. Togetherness Helps Set Winner Apart. New York Times. November 7, 2011:F9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleSeminars in Pediatric Surgery
AbbreviationSemin. Pediatr. Surg.
ISSN (print)1055-8586
ScopePediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
Surgery

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