How to format your references using the Seminars in Pediatric Surgery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Seminars in Pediatric Surgery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Schiermeier Q. Saddam gives viewers double vision. Nature. 2002;419(6906):421.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Demaurex N, Poburko D. Cell biology. A revolving door for calcium. Science. 2009;326(5949):57-58.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Geng WT, Wang JS, Olson GB. Comment on “Grain boundary decohesion by impurity segregation in a nickel-sulfur system.” Science. 2005;309(5741):1677; author reply 1677.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Resta A, Leoni T, Barth C, et al. Atomic structures of silicene layers grown on Ag(111): scanning tunneling microscopy and noncontact atomic force microscopy observations. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2399.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Ratzliff A, Unutzer J, Katon W, Stephens KA. Integrated Care. John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2015.
An edited book
1.
Geertman S, Stillwell J, eds. Planning Support Systems Best Practice and New Methods. Vol 95. Springer Netherlands; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Kuksin SB. Three theorems on perturbed KdV. In: Craig W, ed. Hamiltonian Dynamical Systems and Applications. NATO Science for Peace and Security Series. Springer Netherlands; 2008:85-92.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Seminars in Pediatric Surgery.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. James Bond-Style Laser Watch Finally Invented. IFLScience. Published November 24, 2014. Accessed October 30, 2018. https://www.iflscience.com/technology/man-invents-james-bond-style-laser-watch/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Business Systems Modernization: DOD Needs to Fully Define Policies and Procedures for Institutionally Managing Investments. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2007.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Salam S. Interplay between Fines Content and Strength Characteristics of CA 6 and CA 2 Crushed Limestone Aggregate. Doctoral dissertation. Southern Illinois University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Saslow L. Roosevelt District on Mend With Acting Schools Chief. New York Times. July 22, 2007:LI13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleSeminars in Pediatric Surgery
AbbreviationSemin. Pediatr. Surg.
ISSN (print)1055-8586
ScopePediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
Surgery

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