How to format your references using the Journal of Pragmatics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Pragmatics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Abbott, A., 2003. Science in culture: Visual zoology. Historical wall charts found in Pavia. Nature 421, 580.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wen, L., Tang, F., 2015. Computational biology: How to catch rare cell types. Nature 525, 197–198.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chen, M., Wei, L., Liu, Y., 2014. Motor preparation attenuates neural variability and beta-band LFP in parietal cortex. Sci. Rep. 4, 6809.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Rodrigues, A.S.L., Ewers, R.M., Parry, L., Souza, C., Jr, Veríssimo, A., Balmford, A., 2009. Boom-and-bust development patterns across the Amazon deforestation frontier. Science 324, 1435–1437.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Promislow, S.D., 2010. Fundamentals of Actuarial Mathematics. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Dong, G. (Ed.), 2014. C-C Bond Activation, Topics in Current Chemistry. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Liu, G., Xie, R., Sun, Y., 2011. Research and Analyses on Unsteady Heat Transfer of Inner Thermal Insulation Wall during Multi-temperature Refrigerated Transportation, in: Chen, R. (Ed.), Intelligent Computing and Information Science: International Conference, ICICIS 2011, Chongqing, China, January 8-9, 2011. Proceedings, Part II, Communications in Computer and Information Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 23–29.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Pragmatics.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Scientists Discover Enormous Sea Scorpion [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2015. National Institutes of Health: Better Oversight Needed to Help Ensure Continued Progress Including Women in Health Research (No. GAO-16-13). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jackson, M., 2012. A Bibliometric Analysis of Green Building Literature (Doctoral dissertation). Northcentral University, Scottsdale, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S., 2005. Life Is Hard in Russia, And the Beds Are, Too. New York Times D4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Abbott, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Abbott, 2003; Wen and Tang, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wen and Tang, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Rodrigues et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Pragmatics
AbbreviationJ. Pragmat.
ISSN (print)0378-2166
ScopeLanguage and Linguistics
Artificial Intelligence
Linguistics and Language

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