How to format your references using the Journal of Pragmatics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Pragmatics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Vinson, V.J., 2009. Proteins in motion. Introduction. Science 324, 197.
A journal article with 2 authors
Promislow, D.E.L., Kaeberlein, M., 2014. Development. Chemical warfare in the battle of the sexes. Science 343, 491–492.
A journal article with 3 authors
Uraguchi, D., Ueki, Y., Ooi, T., 2009. Chiral organic ion pair catalysts assembled through a hydrogen-bonding network. Science 326, 120–123.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Teschner, D., Borsodi, J., Wootsch, A., Révay, Z., Hävecker, M., Knop-Gericke, A., Jackson, S.D., Schlögl, R., 2008. The roles of subsurface carbon and hydrogen in palladium-catalyzed alkyne hydrogenation. Science 320, 86–89.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wilson, M., 2013. Everyday Moral Economies. John Wiley & Sons, Oxford.
An edited book
Ravela, S., Sandu, A. (Eds.), 2015. Dynamic Data-Driven Environmental Systems Science: First International Conference, DyDESS 2014, Cambridge, MA, USA, November 5-7, 2014, Revised Selected Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Dachs, B., Zahradnik, G., 2008. Internationalisation of R&D in ICT, in: Meijers, H., Dachs, B., Welfens, P.J.J. (Eds.), Internationalisation of European ICT Activities: Dynamics of Information and Communications Technology. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 157–185.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Pragmatics.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Ten Years After The De Menezes Killing, We’re No Better At Identifying Faces [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1978. The Space Transportation System (No. 105609). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lewis, S.S., 2006. Identification of Stress-Responsive Genes in the Early Larval Stage of the Fathead Minnow Pimephales promelas (Doctoral dissertation). University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B., 2016. What Shot Rocky Up Those Steps. New York Times AR12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Vinson, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Promislow and Kaeberlein, 2014; Vinson, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Promislow and Kaeberlein, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Teschner et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Pragmatics
AbbreviationJ. Pragmat.
ISSN (print)0378-2166
ScopeLanguage and Linguistics
Artificial Intelligence
Linguistics and Language

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