How to format your references using the Journal of Pragmatics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Pragmatics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zakamska, N.L., 2010. H(2) emission arises outside photodissociation regions in ultraluminous infrared galaxies. Nature 465, 60–63.
A journal article with 2 authors
Evenson, R.E., Gollin, D., 2003. Assessing the impact of the green revolution, 1960 to 2000. Science 300, 758–762.
A journal article with 3 authors
Acevedo, A., Brodsky, L., Andino, R., 2014. Mutational and fitness landscapes of an RNA virus revealed through population sequencing. Nature 505, 686–690.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Pascual, G., Fong, A.L., Ogawa, S., Gamliel, A., Li, A.C., Perissi, V., Rose, D.W., Willson, T.M., Rosenfeld, M.G., Glass, C.K., 2005. A SUMOylation-dependent pathway mediates transrepression of inflammatory response genes by PPAR-gamma. Nature 437, 759–763.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Girmscheid, G., 2013. Bauprozesse und Bauverfahren des Tunnelbaus. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Bartz-Beielstein, T., Chiarandini, M., Paquete, L., Preuss, M. (Eds.), 2010. Experimental Methods for the Analysis of Optimization Algorithms. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Greisen, P., Schaffner, M., Luu, D., Mikos, V., Heinzle, S., Gürkaynak, F.K., Smolic, A., 2013. Spatially-Varying Image Warping: Evaluations and VLSI Implementations, in: Burg, A., Coṣkun, A., Guthaus, M., Katkoori, S., Reis, R. (Eds.), VLSI-SoC: From Algorithms to Circuits and System-on-Chip Design: 20th IFIP WG 10.5/IEEE International Conference on Very Large Scale Integration, VLSI-SoC 2012, Santa Cruz, CA, USA, October 7-10, 2012, Revised Selected Papers, IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 64–87.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Pragmatics.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. New Type Of Exoplanet Discovered [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1985. Error in the Pell Grant Program (No. 127278). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Yobby, J., 2017. Application of Genetic Algorithm Optimization of Thermodynamic Fluids Designs (Doctoral dissertation). Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Risen, J., 2016. Hussein, the C.I.A. and Me. New York Times C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Zakamska, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Evenson and Gollin, 2003; Zakamska, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Evenson and Gollin, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Pascual et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Pragmatics
AbbreviationJ. Pragmat.
ISSN (print)0378-2166
ScopeLanguage and Linguistics
Artificial Intelligence
Linguistics and Language

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