How to format your references using the Journal of Pragmatics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Pragmatics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Xue, L., 2008. China: The prizes and pitfalls of progress. Nature 454, 398–401.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tzeng, S.-R., Kalodimos, C.G., 2009. Dynamic activation of an allosteric regulatory protein. Nature 462, 368–372.
A journal article with 3 authors
Melchor, R.N., De Valais, S., Genise, J.F., 2002. Bird-like fossil footprints from the Late Triassic. Nature 417, 936–938.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wang, C.T., Grishanin, R., Earles, C.A., Chang, P.Y., Martin, T.F., Chapman, E.R., Jackson, M.B., 2001. Synaptotagmin modulation of fusion pore kinetics in regulated exocytosis of dense-core vesicles. Science 294, 1111–1115.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Castañeda, L.B., Arunachalam, V., Dharmaraja, S., 2012. Introduction to Probability and Stochastic Processes with Applications. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Shiffman, M.A. (Ed.), 2009. Breast Augmentation: Principles and Practice. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Dedov, D., 2014. The Rule of Law and Legal State Doctrines as a Methodology of the Philosophy of Law, in: Silkenat, J.R., Hickey, J.E., Jr., Barenboim, P.D. (Eds.), The Legal Doctrines of the Rule of Law and the Legal State (Rechtsstaat), Ius Gentium: Comparative Perspectives on Law and Justice. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 61–69.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Pragmatics.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2014. Editing the Human Genome One Letter At A Time [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1971. Close Air Support: Principal Issues and Aircraft Choices (No. B-173850). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shaw, R.M., 2012. The influence of organizational culture on employee attitudes towards information security policy (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Morris, M., 2015. Why Argue With a Dream? New York Times ST6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Xue, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Tzeng and Kalodimos, 2009; Xue, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Tzeng and Kalodimos, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Wang et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Pragmatics
AbbreviationJ. Pragmat.
ISSN (print)0378-2166
ScopeLanguage and Linguistics
Artificial Intelligence
Linguistics and Language

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