How to format your references using the Journal of Pragmatics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Pragmatics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Renfrew, C., 2009. Anthropology. Where bacteria and languages concur. Science 323, 467–468.
A journal article with 2 authors
O’Connell, P.A., McKenna, G.B., 2005. Rheological measurements of the thermoviscoelastic response of ultrathin polymer films. Science 307, 1760–1763.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hill, E.W., Jobling, M.A., Bradley, D.G., 2000. Y-chromosome variation and Irish origins. Nature 404, 351–352.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Cotton, F.A., Gruhn, N.E., Gu, J., Huang, P., Lichtenberger, D.L., Murillo, C.A., Van Dorn, L.O., Wilkinson, C.C., 2002. Closed-shell molecules that ionize more readily than cesium. Science 298, 1971–1974.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
MacRoberts, 2014. MacRoberts on Scottish Construction Contracts. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Saudubray, J.-M., Baumgartner, M.R., Walter, J. (Eds.), 2016. Inborn Metabolic Diseases: Diagnosis and Treatment. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Aro, M., 2015. In Action and Inaction: English Learners Authoring Their Agency, in: Barcelos, A.M.F., Aro, M., Ruohotie-Lyhty, M. (Eds.), Beliefs, Agency and Identity in Foreign Language Learning and Teaching. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London, pp. 48–65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Pragmatics.

Blog post
Hamilton, K., 2016. Scientists Levitate Large Sphere Using Ultrasound [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1979. Data Base Management Systems--Without Careful Planning There Can Be Problems (No. FGMSD-79-35). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hufnagel, D., 2005. Search for the Cabibbo-Supressed D+ Meson Decays D+ → π+π 0 and D+ → K+ π0 (Doctoral dissertation). Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M., 2016. Tarnish on the Torch. New York Times BR11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Renfrew, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (O’Connell and McKenna, 2005; Renfrew, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (O’Connell and McKenna, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Cotton et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Pragmatics
AbbreviationJ. Pragmat.
ISSN (print)0378-2166
ScopeLanguage and Linguistics
Artificial Intelligence
Linguistics and Language

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