How to format your references using the Seminars in Pediatric Neurology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Seminars in Pediatric Neurology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Perkel JM: Annotating the scholarly web. Nature 528:153–154, 2015.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chuong EB, Feschotte C: Evolution. Transposons up the dosage. Science 342:812–813, 2013.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bréon F-M, Tanré D, Generoso S: Aerosol effect on cloud droplet size monitored from satellite. Science 295:834–838, 2002.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wiechert U, Halliday AN, Lee DC, et al.: Oxygen isotopes and the moon-forming giant impact. Science 294:345–348, 2001.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Boxer H: Profitable Day and Swing Trading. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
Gidron B, Bar M: Policy Initiatives Towards the Third Sector in International Perspective. New York, NY: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Fu Q, Wu Z, Ying X, et al.: Generating Chinese Calligraphy on Freeform Shapes. In: Gavrilova ML, Tan CJK, Sourin A, editors. Transactions on Computational Science XXVIII: Special Issue on Cyberworlds and Cybersecurity. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2016. p. 69–87. .

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Seminars in Pediatric Neurology.

Blog post
Carpineti A: An Ancient Peruvian Mystery Has Been Solved From Space. IFLScience, 2016. Available at: Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Teacher Preparation Programs: Survey of State Entities that Oversee Teacher Preparation Programs (GAO-15-599SP, July 2015), an E-supplement to GAO-15-598. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2015.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dallara A: The “femme-homme” of the French Revolution: Gender boundaries and masculinization. , 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky S: A Choreographer Vanishes In Murky Russian Mystery. New York Times E1, 2005.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1, 2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleSeminars in Pediatric Neurology
AbbreviationSemin. Pediatr. Neurol.
ISSN (print)1071-9091
ISSN (online)1558-0776
ScopeClinical Neurology
Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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