How to format your references using the Seminars in Pediatric Neurology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Seminars in Pediatric Neurology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McDowell G: Why not have a life? Science 349:554, 2015.
A journal article with 2 authors
D’Anna G, Gremaud G: The jamming route to the glass state in weakly perturbed granular media. Nature 413:407–409, 2001.
A journal article with 3 authors
Masle J, Gilmore SR, Farquhar GD: The ERECTA gene regulates plant transpiration efficiency in Arabidopsis. Nature 436:866–870, 2005.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Diemand J, Kuhlen M, Madau P, et al.: Clumps and streams in the local dark matter distribution. Nature 454:735–738, 2008.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cox DA: Galois Theory. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2004.
An edited book
Hill R: Guide to Cloud Computing: Principles and Practice. London: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Singh G, Eian M, Willassen SY, et al.: Detecting Intermediary Hosts by TCP Latency Measurements. In: Baggili I, editor. Digital Forensics and Cyber Crime: Second International ICST Conference, ICDF2C 2010, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates, October 4-6, 2010, Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011. p. 38–54. .

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Seminars in Pediatric Neurology.

Blog post
Andrew E: Alligator Made To Inhale Helium, For Science! IFLScience, 2015. Available at: Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Transportation for Older Adults: Measuring Results Could Help Determine If Coordination Efforts Improve Mobility. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2014.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tripathi RB: Oligodendrogensis Following Experimental Spinal Cord Injury. , 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly M: THE 1992 CAMPAIGN: The Democrats; Clinton, in South Carolina, Shows He Is a Threat in the South. New York Times 130, 1992.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1, 2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleSeminars in Pediatric Neurology
AbbreviationSemin. Pediatr. Neurol.
ISSN (print)1071-9091
ISSN (online)1558-0776
ScopeClinical Neurology
Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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