How to format your references using the Seminars in Pediatric Neurology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Seminars in Pediatric Neurology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kimble HJ: The quantum internet. Nature 453:1023–1030, 2008.
A journal article with 2 authors
DeLong EF, Karl DM: Genomic perspectives in microbial oceanography. Nature 437:336–342, 2005.
A journal article with 3 authors
Levy ED, Landry CR, Michnick SW: Cell signaling. Signaling through cooperation. Science 328:983–984, 2010.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zhang BJ, Hwang T, Nam J-D, et al.: Noncovalently assembled nanotubular porous layers for delaying of heating surface failure. Sci Rep 4:6817, 2014.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Corns TN: A History of Seventeenth-Century English Literature. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing Ltd; 2008.
An edited book
Otnes R: Underwater Acoustic Networking Techniques. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Horvath J, Cameron R: What’s a Makerspace (or Hackerspace)? In: Cameron R, editor. The New Shop Class: Getting Started with 3D Printing, Arduino, and Wearable Tech. Berkeley, CA: Apress; 2015. p. 59–71. .

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Seminars in Pediatric Neurology.

Blog post
Andrew E: Study Suggests Intelligent Aliens Will Probably Be The Size Of Bears. IFLScience, 2015. Available at: Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Engineering Research Centers: NSF Program Management and Industry Sponsorship. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1988.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gonzaga Reed RR: The Impact of a Community-Based College Access Program at a Midwestern Institution. , 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Stewart JB: How Dauman Lost the Battle for Viacom. New York Times B1, 2016.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1, 2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleSeminars in Pediatric Neurology
AbbreviationSemin. Pediatr. Neurol.
ISSN (print)1071-9091
ISSN (online)1558-0776
ScopeClinical Neurology
Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Other styles