How to format your references using the Seminars in Pediatric Neurology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Seminars in Pediatric Neurology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Marshall E: BIOTECHNOLOGY:Disease Group Invests in Do-It-Yourself Drugs. Science 288:1715b–7b, 2000.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ohta A, Sitkovsky M: Role of G-protein-coupled adenosine receptors in downregulation of inflammation and protection from tissue damage. Nature 414:916–920, 2001.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dewar JM, Budzowska M, Walter JC: The mechanism of DNA replication termination in vertebrates. Nature 525:345–350, 2015.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Andreoli E, Dillon EP, Cullum L, et al.: Cross-linking amine-rich compounds into high performing selective CO2 absorbents. Sci Rep 4:7304, 2014.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Avdeef A: Absorption and Drug Development. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
Deer TR, Pope JE: Atlas of Implantable Therapies for Pain Management. 2nd ed. 2016. New York, NY: Springer; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Pauli A, Alesi H, Anderson S: The development of the HyShot flight program. In: Jiang Z, editor. Shock Waves: Proceedings of the 24th International Symposium on Shock Waves Beijing, China July 11–16, 2004. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2005. p. 31–48. .

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Seminars in Pediatric Neurology.

Blog post
Davis J: Bizarre Horned Ant Preserved In 99-Million-Year-Old Amber. IFLScience, 2016. Available at: Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Aviation Security: Status of TSA’s Acquisition of Technology for Screening Passenger Identification and Boarding Passes. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2012.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zometa E: Imaging Service Consultations: Imaging Express. , 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Joy S: Bags That Don’t Brag. New York Times E17, 2014.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1, 2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleSeminars in Pediatric Neurology
AbbreviationSemin. Pediatr. Neurol.
ISSN (print)1071-9091
ISSN (online)1558-0776
ScopeClinical Neurology
Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Other styles