How to format your references using the Seminars in Pediatric Neurology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Seminars in Pediatric Neurology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Willerroider M: Scientists and societies. Japan Society for the Promotion of Science. Nature 433:782, 2005.
A journal article with 2 authors
Shapiro L, Losick R: Retrospective. Francois Jacob (1920-2013). Science 340:939, 2013.
A journal article with 3 authors
Doeller CF, Barry C, Burgess N: Evidence for grid cells in a human memory network. Nature 463:657–661, 2010.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Koppens FHL, Folk JA, Elzerman JM, et al.: Control and detection of singlet-triplet mixing in a random nuclear field. Science 309:1346–1350, 2005.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Samonas M: Financial Forecasting, Analysis, and Modelling. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2015.
An edited book
Werse B, Bernard C: Friendly Business: International Views on Social Supply, Self-Supply and Small-Scale Drug Dealing. Wiesbaden: Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Fisher K: Formality versus Reality: An Exploration of the Development Process for Mega Townships in India. In: Tiwari P, editor. The Towers of New Capital: Mega Townships in India. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK; 2016. p. 38–44. .

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Seminars in Pediatric Neurology.

Blog post
Andrew E: Brazilian Wasp Venom Kills Cancer Cells, But Not Healthy Cells. IFLScience, 2015. Available at: Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Guide for Writing Executive Summaries. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1986.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Roy Chowdhury T: Tracking Carbon Flow during Methane Oxidation into Methanotrophs Using 13C-PLFA Labeling in Pulsing Freshwater Wetlands. , 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander S: Friends and Family Run for 9/11 Victims. New York Times D6, 2002.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1, 2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleSeminars in Pediatric Neurology
AbbreviationSemin. Pediatr. Neurol.
ISSN (print)1071-9091
ISSN (online)1558-0776
ScopeClinical Neurology
Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Other styles