How to format your references using the Aquatic Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Aquatic Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kim SK (2007) Cell biology. Proteins that promote long life. Science 317:603–604
A journal article with 2 authors
Cuzzi JN, Alexander CMO (2006) Chondrule formation in particle-rich nebular regions at least hundreds of kilometres across. Nature 441:483–485
A journal article with 3 authors
Thorsen T, Maerkl SJ, Quake SR (2002) Microfluidic large-scale integration. Science 298:580–584
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Lin G, Baraban L, Han L, et al (2013) Magnetoresistive emulsion analyzer. Sci Rep 3:2548

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Davey KJ (2014) Building Winning Algorithmic Trading Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Berstein LM, Santen RJ (eds) (2008) Innovative Endocrinology of Cancer. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Shen B, Stephansson O, Rinne M (2014) Iteration Process in FRACOD. In: Stephansson O, Rinne M (eds) Modelling Rock Fracturing Processes: A Fracture Mechanics Approach Using FRACOD. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 33–37

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Aquatic Sciences.

Blog post
Andrews R (2015) Study Finds Pork And Human DNA In Vegetarian Hot Dogs. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2009) Federal Air Marshal Service: Actions Taken to Fulfill Core Mission and Address Workforce Issues. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Moyer AS (2012) The A+ Schools Program and School Improvement. Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
C. J. CHIVERS; Sophia Kishkovsky contributed reporting from Moscow for this article (2004) Local Rebels Said to Join in Chechen Group’s Raids Across Border. New York Times A7

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kim 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Cuzzi and Alexander 2006; Kim 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cuzzi and Alexander 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Lin et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleAquatic Sciences
AbbreviationAquat. Sci.
ISSN (print)1015-1621
ISSN (online)1420-9055
ScopeAquatic Science
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Water Science and Technology

Other styles