How to format your references using the Aquatic Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Aquatic Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Reichhardt T (2000) New form of hydrogen power provokes scepticism. Nature 404:218
A journal article with 2 authors
Garnero EJ, McNamara AK (2008) Structure and dynamics of Earth’s lower mantle. Science 320:626–628
A journal article with 3 authors
Rojas JP, Torres Sevilla GA, Hussain MM (2013) Can we build a truly high performance computer which is flexible and transparent? Sci Rep 3:2609
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Hu H, Ji D, Zeng X, et al (2013) Rainbow trapping in hyperbolic metamaterial waveguide. Sci Rep 3:1249

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Qiuwei Wu (2013) Grid Integration of Electric Vehicles in Open Electricity Markets. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Oxford, UK
An edited book
Elyashberg ME (2015) Computer–Based Structure Elucidation from Spectral Data: The Art of Solving Problems. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Thabet B, Laajimi A, Thabet C, Bensaïd M (2015) Agricultural and Food Policies in Tunisia: From a Seemingly Solid Performance to Unsustainable Revealed Achievements. In: Petit M, Montaigne E, El Hadad-Gauthier F, et al. (eds) Sustainable Agricultural Development: Challenges and Approaches in Southern and Eastern Mediterranean Countries. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 83–101

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Aquatic Sciences.

Blog post
Hale T (2016) Parents Who Feed Kids Vegan Diets Could Go To Jail Under Proposed Italian Law. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1992) New Denver Airport Followup. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gunderson CA (2017) The Moderating Effect of Type of Target on the Relationship between Collective Rumination and Displaced Aggression. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin J (2016) HBO Renews 3 Series. New York Times C3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Reichhardt 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Reichhardt 2000; Garnero and McNamara 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Garnero and McNamara 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Hu et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleAquatic Sciences
AbbreviationAquat. Sci.
ISSN (print)1015-1621
ISSN (online)1420-9055
ScopeAquatic Science
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Water Science and Technology

Other styles