How to format your references using the Aquatic Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Aquatic Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kronenberg HM (2003) Developmental regulation of the growth plate. Nature 423:332–336
A journal article with 2 authors
Murray F, Stern S (2015) ENTREPRENEURSHIP. Linking and leveraging. Science 348:1203
A journal article with 3 authors
Wen J, Zhou S, Chen J (2014) Colorimetric detection of Shewanella oneidensis based on immunomagnetic capture and bacterial intrinsic peroxidase activity. Sci Rep 4:5191
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Shin J-S, Ebersold M, Pypaert M, et al (2006) Surface expression of MHC class II in dendritic cells is controlled by regulated ubiquitination. Nature 444:115–118

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Good PI (2005) Introduction to Statistics through Resampling Methods and R/S-Plus®. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Witrant E, Fridman E, Sename O, Dugard L (eds) (2016) Recent Results on Time-Delay Systems: Analysis and Control, 1st ed. 2016. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Kłyk Ł, Myszkowski PB, Broda B, et al (2012) Metaheuristics for Tuning Model Parameters in Two Natural Language Processing Applications. In: Ramsay A, Agre G (eds) Artificial Intelligence: Methodology, Systems, and Applications: 15th International Conference, AIMSA 2012, Varna, Bulgaria, September 12-15, 2012. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 32–37

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Aquatic Sciences.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Primitive Meteorites Brought Water To Early Earth. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2002) Telecommunications: History and Current Issues Related to Radio Spectrum Management. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Williams K (2014) The lexicographic treatment of color terms. Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Myers SL (2013) Challenger in Race for Moscow Mayor Says He Can Force a Runoff. New York Times A4

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kronenberg 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Kronenberg 2003; Murray and Stern 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Murray and Stern 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Shin et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleAquatic Sciences
AbbreviationAquat. Sci.
ISSN (print)1015-1621
ISSN (online)1420-9055
ScopeAquatic Science
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Water Science and Technology

Other styles