How to format your references using the Aquatic Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Aquatic Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Broecker WS (2006) Geology. Was the Younger Dryas triggered by a flood? Science 312:1146–1148
A journal article with 2 authors
Brüning O, Collier P (2007) Building a behemoth. Nature 448:285–289
A journal article with 3 authors
Hayes M, Scarlata C, Siana B (2011) Central powering of the largest Lyman-α nebula is revealed by polarized radiation. Nature 476:304–307
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Fuentes-Prior P, Iwanaga Y, Huber R, et al (2000) Structural basis for the anticoagulant activity of the thrombin-thrombomodulin complex. Nature 404:518–525

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Declerck P (2012) Discrete Event Systems in Dioid Algebra and Conventional Algebra. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ USA
An edited book
Kole C (ed) (2011) Wild Crop Relatives: Genomic and Breeding Resources: Oilseeds. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Uddin TA (2013) Which Household Characteristics Help Mitigate the Effects of Extreme Weather Events? Evidence from the 1998 Floods in Bangladesh. In: Faist T, Schade J (eds) Disentangling Migration and Climate Change: Methodologies, Political Discourses and Human Rights. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 101–141

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Aquatic Sciences.

Blog post
Andrews R (2016) We Are Going To Breach The 2C Warming Limit By 2050, Warn World’s Leading Climate Scientists. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1989) Automated Information Systems: Schedule Delays and Cost Overruns Plague DOD Systems. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dougherty MH (2009) Identification of needs reported by grandparents of grandchildren, from birth to twenty-one years, with disabilities in the commonwealth of Kentucky. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander S (2002) History in the Bronx Includes Naismith and Ali. New York Times 814

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Broecker 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Broecker 2006; Brüning and Collier 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Brüning and Collier 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Fuentes-Prior et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleAquatic Sciences
AbbreviationAquat. Sci.
ISSN (print)1015-1621
ISSN (online)1420-9055
ScopeAquatic Science
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Water Science and Technology

Other styles