How to format your references using the Cell Structure and Function citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cell Structure and Function. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Tyson, J.J. 2007. Bringing cartoons to life. Nature, 445: 823.
A journal article with 2 authors
Caputo, J.M. and Collins, S.H. 2014. Prosthetic ankle push-off work reduces metabolic rate but not collision work in non-amputee walking. Sci. Rep., 4: 7213.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wild, G., Gardner, A. and West, S.A. 2009. Adaptation and the evolution of parasite virulence in a connected world. Nature, 459: 983–986.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Stellamanns, E., Uppaluri, S., Hochstetter, A., Heddergott, N., Engstler, M. and Pfohl, T. 2014. Optical trapping reveals propulsion forces, power generation and motility efficiency of the unicellular parasites Trypanosoma brucei brucei. Sci. Rep., 4: 6515.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mahlberg, R., Gilles, A. and Läsch, A. 2004. Hämatologie.
An edited book
Hagen, S.J. (ed). 2015. The Physical Basis of Bacterial Quorum Communication.
A chapter in an edited book
Liang, J. 2013. Study of University Students’ Psychological Warning Prevention and Control Based on Automatic Control. In: Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Green Communications and Networks 2012 (GCN 2012): Volume 3 (Y. Yang and M. Ma, eds), pp. 27–34.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cell Structure and Function.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. 2015. First Known Plant To Sync Pollen Release To The Light Of The Full Moon.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2008. National Transportation Safety Board: Progress Made in Management Practices, Investigation Priorities, Training Center Use, and Information Security, But These Areas Continue to Need Improvement.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jones, C. 2015. Evolutionary changes in development associated with a transition in larval nutritional mode in spiralians.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dominus, S. 2015. “Come as You Are.”

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Tyson, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Caputo and Collins, 2014; Tyson, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Caputo and Collins, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Stellamanns et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleCell Structure and Function
ISSN (print)0386-7196
ISSN (online)1347-3700

Other styles