How to format your references using the Cell Structure and Function citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cell Structure and Function (Cell Struct Funct). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Giles, J. 2003. Nanotechnology: what is there to fear from something so small? Nature, 426: 750.
A journal article with 2 authors
Anderson, C.A. and Bushman, B.J. 2002. Psychology. The effects of media violence on society. Science, 295: 2377–2379.
A journal article with 3 authors
Della Negra, M., Jenni, P. and Virdee, T.S. 2012. Journey in the search for the Higgs boson: the ATLAS and CMS experiments at the Large Hadron Collider. Science, 338: 1560–1568.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Cao, Q., Kim, H.-S., Pimparkar, N., Kulkarni, J.P., Wang, C., Shim, M., Roy, K., Alam, M.A. and Rogers, J.A. 2008. Medium-scale carbon nanotube thin-film integrated circuits on flexible plastic substrates. Nature, 454: 495–500.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Casandjian, C., Challamel, N., Lanos, C. and Hellesland, J. 2013. Reinforced Concrete Beams, Columns and Frames.
An edited book
Boer, F.S. de, Bonsangue, M.M., Graf, S. and Roever, W.-P. de (eds). 2007. Formal Methods for Components and Objects: 5th International Symposium, FMCO 2006, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, November 7-10, 2006, Revised Lectures.
A chapter in an edited book
Fraga-Silva, R.A. and Stergiopulos, N. 2015. The Role of the Renin-Angiotensin System in Erectile Dysfunction: Present and Future. In: Erectile Dysfunction in Hypertension and Cardiovascular Disease: A Guide for Clinicians (M. Viigimaa, C. Vlachopoulos, and M. Doumas, eds), pp. 39–49.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cell Structure and Function.

Blog post
Fang, J. 2014. Electric Bacteria Eat Electrons.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2003. Aviation Safety: FAA Needs to Update Curriculum and Certification Requirements for Aviation Mechanics.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dang, H. 2010. The cummulative incidence estimate versus the Kaplan Meier method in medical research.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, D.A. 2006. Overseas, the Shock of the Surcharge.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Grant, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Padma, 2014; Yahia, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Anderson and Bushman, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Gergen et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleCell Structure and Function
ISSN (print)0386-7196
ISSN (online)1347-3700

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