How to format your references using the Cell Structure and Function citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cell Structure and Function. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mervis, J. 2015. Funding. NIH program fails to launch blacks in biotech. Science, 350: 896.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hellman, A. and Chess, A. 2007. Gene body-specific methylation on the active X chromosome. Science, 315: 1141–1143.
A journal article with 3 authors
Komatitsch, D., Ritsema, J. and Tromp, J. 2002. The spectral-element method, Beowulf computing, and global seismology. Science, 298: 1737–1742.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Menon, S., Hansen, J., Nazarenko, L. and Luo, Y. 2002. Climate effects of black carbon aerosols in China and India. Science, 297: 2250–2253.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tan, Y. 2016. Artificial Immune System Applications in Computersecurity.
An edited book
Forte, M. and Campana, S. (eds). 2016. Digital Methods and Remote Sensing in Archaeology: Archaeology in the Age of Sensing.
A chapter in an edited book
Casalino, N., Armenia, S. and Draoli, M. 2010. A System Dynamics Model to Identify and Measure the Paper Digitization Advantages in Public Administration. In: Management of the Interconnected World: ItAIS: The Italian Association for Information Systems (A. D’Atri, M. De Marco, A. M. Braccini, and F. Cabiddu, eds), pp. 29–36.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cell Structure and Function.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2014. Unlocking The Secrets Of Mysterious Interstellar Molecules.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2003. Financial Management Systems: Core Financial Systems at the 24 Chief Financial Officers Act Agencies.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Park, K.-S. 2006. Transcriptional Regulation In The Respiratory Epithelium During Development And Repair.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. 2016. Cubs Pull Even as the Indians’ Play Proves Sloppier Than the Weather.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mervis, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Hellman and Chess, 2007; Mervis, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hellman and Chess, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Menon et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleCell Structure and Function
ISSN (print)0386-7196
ISSN (online)1347-3700

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