How to format your references using the Cell Structure and Function citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cell Structure and Function. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Spurgeon, D. 2000. Ontario joins the genomics goldrush. Nature, 404: 692.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rothschild, L.J. and Mancinelli, R.L. 2001. Life in extreme environments. Nature, 409: 1092–1101.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lohman, D.J., Bickford, D. and Sodhi, N.S. 2007. Environment. The burning issue. Science, 316: 376.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Romano, F., Trasatti, E., Lorito, S., Piromallo, C., Piatanesi, A., Ito, Y., Zhao, D., Hirata, K., Lanucara, P. and Cocco, M. 2014. Structural control on the Tohoku earthquake rupture process investigated by 3D FEM, tsunami and geodetic data. Sci. Rep., 4: 5631.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Smith, M.B. 2014. Compendium of Organic Synthetic Methods: Smith/Compendium.
An edited book
Loughran, J., Smith, K. and Berry, A. (eds). 2011. Scientific Literacy Under the Microscope: A Whole School Approach to Science Teaching and Learning.
A chapter in an edited book
Miyamoto, S. 2009. Generalized Bags, Bag Relations, and Applications to Data Analysis and Decision Making. In: Modeling Decisions for Artificial Intelligence: 6th International Conference, MDAI 2009, Awaji Island, Japan, November 30–December 2, 2009. Proceedings (V. Torra, Y. Narukawa, and M. Inuiguchi, eds), pp. 37–54.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cell Structure and Function.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2014. CDC Warns Ebola Outbreak Could Top 1 Million By January.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2003. Information Technology: Leadership Remains Key to Agencies Making Progress on Enterprise Architecture Efforts.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wheat, B.R. 2015. Effects of intercropping switchgrass in managed pine stands on plant communities and white-tailed deer forage production.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. 2016. After Striking Out, Nationals Swing a Trade.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Spurgeon, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Rothschild and Mancinelli, 2001; Spurgeon, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rothschild and Mancinelli, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Romano et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleCell Structure and Function
ISSN (print)0386-7196
ISSN (online)1347-3700

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