How to format your references using the Cell Structure and Function citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cell Structure and Function. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P. 2005. Come together. Nature, 434: 252–253.
A journal article with 2 authors
Grant, P.R. and Grant, B.R. 2014. Evolutionary biology: speciation undone. Nature, 507: 178–179.
A journal article with 3 authors
Soares, L., Parisi, M. and Bonini, N.M. 2014. Axon injury and regeneration in the adult Drosophila. Sci. Rep., 4: 6199.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Brandt, K., Wolff, M.F.H., Salikov, V., Heinrich, S. and Schneider, G.A. 2013. A novel method for a multi-level hierarchical composite with brick-and-mortar structure. Sci. Rep., 3: 2322.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Marage, J.-P. and Mori, Y. 2013. Sonar and Underwater Acoustics.
An edited book
Krause, W.K.H. and Naz, R.K. (eds). 2009. Immune Infertility: The Impact of Immune Reactions on Human Infertility.
A chapter in an edited book
Everett, L.L. and Fuzaylov, G. 2008. Pediatric clinical challenges. In: Handbook of Ambulatory Anesthesia (R. S. Twersky and B. K. Philip, eds), pp. 96–114.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cell Structure and Function.

Blog post
Hale, T. 2017. Russia Might Ban Tobacco For Anyone Born After 2014.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1998. Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Status of Efforts to Deal With Personnel Issues.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lu, W.-Y. 2012. The performance practice of Buddhist baiqi in contemporary Taiwan.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. 2016. Colon, After 3 Seasons With Mets, Agrees to Join Braves.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Grant and Grant, 2014; Smaglik, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Grant and Grant, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Brandt et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleCell Structure and Function
ISSN (print)0386-7196
ISSN (online)1347-3700

Other styles