How to format your references using the Cell Structure and Function citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cell Structure and Function. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Elliott, T. 2002. Geophysics. Caught offside. Science, 295: 55–57.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jucker, M. and Walker, L.C. 2013. Self-propagation of pathogenic protein aggregates in neurodegenerative diseases. Nature, 501: 45–51.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rychert, C.A., Fischer, K.M. and Rondenay, S. 2005. A sharp lithosphere-asthenosphere boundary imaged beneath eastern North America. Nature, 436: 542–545.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Rucci, M., Iovin, R., Poletti, M. and Santini, F. 2007. Miniature eye movements enhance fine spatial detail. Nature, 447: 851–854.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stone, C.A. and Zissu, A. 2012. The Securitization Markets Handbook.
An edited book
Hager, M.D., van der Zwaag, S. and Schubert, U.S. (eds). 2016. Self-healing Materials, 1st ed. 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
von der Pfordten, D. 2015. Justice, Equality and Taxation. In: Philosophical Explorations of Justice and Taxation: National and Global Issues (H. P. Gaisbauer, G. Schweiger, and C. Sedmak, eds), pp. 47–65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cell Structure and Function.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2014. Measles Outbreak Hits New York City.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2013. Environmental Satellites: Focused Attention Needed to Improve Mitigation Strategies for Satellite Coverage Gaps.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nguyen, M. 2010. Therapeutic groups for adults with mental illness and their caregivers: A grant proposal.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cumming-Bruce, N. and Sengupta, S. 2017. In Greece, China Finds a New Ally Against Criticism of Its Human Rights Record.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Elliott, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Elliott, 2002; Jucker and Walker, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jucker and Walker, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Rucci et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleCell Structure and Function
ISSN (print)0386-7196
ISSN (online)1347-3700

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