How to format your references using the Seminars in Oncology Nursing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Seminars in Oncology Nursing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Clarke J. Physics. Flux qubit completes the hat trick. Science. 2003;299(5614):1850-1851.
A journal article with 2 authors
Benoist C, Mathis D. Mast cells in autoimmune disease. Nature. 2002;420(6917):875-878.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chen RP, Chew KH, He S. Dynamic control of collapse in a vortex Airy beam. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1406.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Hasegawa H, Fujimoto M, Phan TD, et al. Transport of solar wind into Earth’s magnetosphere through rolled-up Kelvin-Helmholtz vortices. Nature. 2004;430(7001):755-758.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bar-Eli M, Plessner H, Raab M. Judgement, Decision Making and Success in Sport. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2011.
An edited book
Daněk M. UTLEON3: Exploring Fine-Grain Multi-Threading in FPGAs. (Kafka L, Kohout L, Sýkora J, Bartosinski R, eds.). Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Cheng J, Lu H. Local Structure Preserving Based Subspace Analysis Methods and Applications. In: Chen YW, C. Jain L, eds. Subspace Methods for Pattern Recognition in Intelligent Environment. Studies in Computational Intelligence. Springer; 2014:105-121.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Seminars in Oncology Nursing.

Blog post
Andrews R. Rick Perry Set To Head Department Of Energy Despite Once Forgetting It Existed. IFLScience. Published December 13, 2016. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. DOD Business Systems Modernization: Continued Investment in Key Accounting Systems Needs to Be Justified. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2003.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lange AW. Calcineurin/NFATc1/DSCR1 Pathway Function in Cardiac Valvuloseptal Development and Down Syndrome-Related Phenotypes. Doctoral dissertation. University of Cincinnati; 2006.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky S. Tatyana M. Velikanova, 70, Soviet Human Rights Activist. New York Times. October 17, 2002:A31.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleSeminars in Oncology Nursing
AbbreviationSemin. Oncol. Nurs.
ISSN (print)0749-2081

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