How to format your references using the Seminars in Oncology Nursing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Seminars in Oncology Nursing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Danielson D. Scientist’s birthright. Nature. 2001;410(6832):1031.
A journal article with 2 authors
Clapier CR, Cairns BR. Regulation of ISWI involves inhibitory modules antagonized by nucleosomal epitopes. Nature. 2012;492(7428):280-284.
A journal article with 3 authors
De’ath G, Lough JM, Fabricius KE. Declining coral calcification on the Great Barrier Reef. Science. 2009;323(5910):116-119.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Paterson S, Vogwill T, Buckling A, et al. Antagonistic coevolution accelerates molecular evolution. Nature. 2010;464(7286):275-278.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Archer RD. Inorganic and Organometallic Polymers. New York, USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2002.
An edited book
Conrady R, Buck M, eds. Trends and Issues in Global Tourism 2008. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
Aaen I. Roles in Innovative Software Teams: A Design Experiment. In: Pries-Heje J, Venable J, Bunker D, Russo NL, DeGross JI, eds. Human Benefit through the Diffusion of Information Systems Design Science Research: IFIP WG 8.2/8.6 International Working Conference, Perth, Australia, March 30 – April 1, 2010. Proceedings. IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010:73-88.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Seminars in Oncology Nursing.

Blog post
Andrew E. Earth Narrowly Missed A Potentially Devastating Solar Superstorm In 2012. IFLScience. Published July 28, 2014. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. DOD Computer Contracting: Inadequate Management Wasted Millions of Dollars. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1993.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Toosi F. Decision Analysis Techniques for Adult Learners: Application to Leadership. 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Bromwich JE, Stack L. ‘Serial’ Podcast Figure Gets New Trial in a Murder He Says He Didn’t Commit. New York Times. June 30, 2016:A17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleSeminars in Oncology Nursing
AbbreviationSemin. Oncol. Nurs.
ISSN (print)0749-2081

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