How to format your references using the Seminars in Oncology Nursing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Seminars in Oncology Nursing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Franson JD. Physics. Beating classical computing without a quantum computer. Science. 2013;339(6121):767-768.
A journal article with 2 authors
Clarke J, Wilhelm FK. Superconducting quantum bits. Nature. 2008;453(7198):1031-1042.
A journal article with 3 authors
Li F, Saslow WM, Pokrovsky VL. Phase diagram for magnon condensate in Yttrium Iron Garnet film. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1372.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Trappe V, Prasad V, Cipelletti L, Segre PN, Weitz DA. Jamming phase diagram for attractive particles. Nature. 2001;411(6839):772-775.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tao F, Zhang L, Hu Y. Resource Service Management in Manufacturing Grid System. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
Zeyer A, Kyburz-Graber R, eds. Science / Environment / Health: Towards a Renewed Pedagogy for Science Education. Springer Netherlands; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Coscia P, Palmieri FAN, Castaldo F, Cavallo A. 3-D Hand Pose Estimation from Kinect’s Point Cloud Using Appearance Matching. In: Bassis S, Esposito A, Morabito FC, Pasero E, eds. Advances in Neural Networks: Computational Intelligence for ICT. Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies. Springer International Publishing; 2016:37-45.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Seminars in Oncology Nursing.

Blog post
Andrew E. Creating Dinosaurs: Why Jurassic World Could Never Work. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Tax Policy: Uncertain Impact of Repealing the Deferral for Reinvested Shipping Income. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1990.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Witvorapong N. The Dynamics of Living Arrangements Among the Elderly. Doctoral dissertation. University of North Carolina; 2011.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L. Supreme Court Restricts the Taxation of Income of Companies Based Out of State. New York Times. April 16, 2008:C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleSeminars in Oncology Nursing
AbbreviationSemin. Oncol. Nurs.
ISSN (print)0749-2081

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