How to format your references using the AIDS and Behavior citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for AIDS and Behavior. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Ruelle D. Here be no dragons. Nature. 2001;411:27.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Ghosh B, Urban MW. Self-repairing oxetane-substituted chitosan polyurethane networks. Science. 2009;323:1458–60.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Madden MEE, Bodnar RJ, Rimstidt JD. Jarosite as an indicator of water-limited chemical weathering on Mars. Nature. 2004;431:821–3.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Parthasarathy R, Livelybrooks D, Johnson D, Page C, Boettcher S, Cohen JD, et al. NSF program benefits schools in need. Science. 2011;332:173–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Deutsche Gesellschaft für Geotechni, Laackmann K, Balthaus H, Braach O, Friebel W-D, Hettler A, et al. Taschenbuch für den Tunnelbau 2015. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2015.
An edited book
1. Zhu YT, Varyukhin V, editors. Nanostructured Materials by High-Pressure Severe Plastic Deformation. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Awrejcewicz J. Thermoelastic Contact of Two Moving Layers with Friction and Wear. In: Awrejcewicz J, editor. Nonsmooth Dynamics of Contacting Thermoelastic Bodies. New York, NY: Springer; 2009. p. 1–15.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for AIDS and Behavior.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Why I’m Sailing To The Arctic In Search Of Missing Mercury. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Commuter Rail: Potential Impacts and Cost Estimates for the Cancelled Hudson River Tunnel Project. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2012 Mar. Report No.: GAO-12-344.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Palmer CM. Intramural scheduling time preferences to increase student participation [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Austen B. Violence and Division on Chicago’s South Side. New York Times. 2016 Dec 10;SR5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAIDS and Behavior
AbbreviationAIDS Behav.
ISSN (print)1090-7165
ISSN (online)1573-3254
ScopeInfectious Diseases
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Social Psychology

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