How to format your references using the Seminars in Immunopathology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Seminars in Immunopathology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Steitz TA (2009) Retrospective. Frederic M. Richards (1925-2009). Science 323:1181
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Calabrese EJ, Baldwin LA (2003) Toxicology rethinks its central belief. Nature 421:691–692
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Nilewski C, Geisser RW, Carreira EM (2009) Total synthesis of a chlorosulpholipid cytotoxin associated with seafood poisoning. Nature 457:573–576
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Fang W, Lu H-L, King GF, St Leger RJ (2014) Construction of a hypervirulent and specific mycoinsecticide for locust control. Sci Rep 4:7345

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Knuth E (2011) Trading Between the Lines. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
1.
Maimon O, Rokach L (2008) Soft Computing for Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining. Springer US, Boston, MA
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Sundaram BM, Tippur HV (2016) Dynamic Crack Propagation in Layered Transparent Materials Studied Using Digital Gradient Sensing Method: Part-II. In: Song B, Lamberson L, Casem D, Kimberley J (eds) Dynamic Behavior of Materials, Volume 1: Proceedings of the 2015 Annual Conference on Experimental and Applied Mechanics. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 25–31

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Seminars in Immunopathology.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E (2015) New Smart Insulin Patch Could Be a ‘Game Changer.’ In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1988) Airport Noise: FAA’s Enforcement of Noise Rules at National Airport. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Dillon M (2014) Active aging program for older adults with early stage dementia. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Crow K (2002) Fire Chief Questions Closing of Streets. New York Times 145

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSeminars in Immunopathology
AbbreviationSemin. Immunopathol.
ISSN (print)1863-2297
ISSN (online)1863-2300
ScopeImmunology
Immunology and Allergy

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