How to format your references using the Seminars in Immunopathology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Seminars in Immunopathology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Shlesinger MF (2001) Physics in the noise. Nature 411:641
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Anderson R, Moore T (2006) The economics of information security. Science 314:610–613
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Poulsen CJ, Tabor C, White JD (2015) CLIMATE CHANGE. Long-term climate forcing by atmospheric oxygen concentrations. Science 348:1238–1241
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Burgert R, Schnöckel H, Grubisic A, et al (2008) Spin conservation accounts for aluminum cluster anion reactivity pattern with O2. Science 319:438–442

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Schütz H, Wiedemann PM, Hennings W, et al (2006) Comparative Risk Assessment. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG
An edited book
1.
Travieso-González CM, Alonso-Hernández JB (2011) Advances in Nonlinear Speech Processing: 5th International Conference on Nonlinear Speech Processing, NOLISP 2011, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain, November 7-9, 2011. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Vig R, Star JR, Dupuis DN, et al (2015) Exploring the Impact of Knowledge of Multiple Strategies on Students’ Learning About Proportions. In: Middleton JA, Cai J, Hwang S (eds) Large-Scale Studies in Mathematics Education. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 61–73

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Seminars in Immunopathology.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E (2015) Finding A Star To Call Home. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1978) New Ways of Preparing Data for Computers Could Save Money and Time and Reduce Errors. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Pettengill JB (2010) Elucidating the macro- and micro-evolutionary relationships of the federally listed endangered species Agalinis acuta (Orobanchaceae). Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Kenigsberg B (2016) Daddy’s Dreams, Recast by His Girls. New York Times C13

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSeminars in Immunopathology
AbbreviationSemin. Immunopathol.
ISSN (print)1863-2297
ISSN (online)1863-2300
ScopeImmunology
Immunology and Allergy

Other styles