How to format your references using the Seminars in Immunopathology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Seminars in Immunopathology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brockhurst M (2010) Journal club. An evolutionary biologist marvels at how species evolve to help each other out. Nature 464:469
A journal article with 2 authors
Hill RS, Walsh CA (2005) Molecular insights into human brain evolution. Nature 437:64–67
A journal article with 3 authors
Schmitz D, Mellor J, Nicoll RA (2001) Presynaptic kainate receptor mediation of frequency facilitation at hippocampal mossy fiber synapses. Science 291:1972–1976
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Turner S, Tonarini S, Bindeman I, et al (2007) Boron and oxygen isotope evidence for recycling of subducted components over the past 2.5 Gyr. Nature 447:702–705

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rémond Y, Ahzi S, Baniassadi M, Garmestani H (2016) Applied RVE Reconstruction and Homogenization of Heterogeneous Materials. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Krey U (2007) Basic Theoretical Physics: A Concise Overview. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Hammad SM (2011) Blood Sphingolipids in Homeostasis and Pathobiology. In: Cowart LA (ed) Sphingolipids and Metabolic Disease. Springer, New York, NY, pp 57–66

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Seminars in Immunopathology.

Blog post
Carpineti A (2016) We Are Almost Certainly Not Alone In The Universe. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1994) GAO Work Related to ESEA of 1965. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cruz W (2009) Extended services post reunification to enhance parent-child attachments: A grant proposal. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Brantley B (2016) The Devil Went Down to Chelsea. New York Times C5

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSeminars in Immunopathology
AbbreviationSemin. Immunopathol.
ISSN (print)1863-2297
ISSN (online)1863-2300
Immunology and Allergy

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