How to format your references using the Seminars in Immunopathology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Seminars in Immunopathology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Dewandre N (2002) Women in science. European strategies for promoting women in science. Science 295:278–279
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Alley RB, Joughin I (2012) Climate change. Modeling ice-sheet flow. Science 336:551–552
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Hellweger FL, van Sebille E, Fredrick ND (2014) Biogeographic patterns in ocean microbes emerge in a neutral agent-based model. Science 345:1346–1349
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Sayah DM, Sokolskaja E, Berthoux L, Luban J (2004) Cyclophilin A retrotransposition into TRIM5 explains owl monkey resistance to HIV-1. Nature 430:569–573

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Tjong SC (2012) Polymer Composites with Carbonaceous Nanofillers. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany
An edited book
1.
Bielza C, Salmerón A, Alonso-Betanzos A, et al (2013) Advances in Artificial Intelligence: 15th Conference of the Spanish Association for Artificial Intelligence, CAEPIA 2013, Madrid, Spain, September 17-20, 2013. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Gan L-S, Lee FW, Nagaraja N, et al (2006) Case History — Use of ADME Studies for Optimization of Drug Candidates. In: Borchardt RT, Kerns EH, Hageman MJ, et al (eds) Optimizing the “Drug-Like” Properties of Leads in Drug Discovery. Springer, New York, NY, pp 81–97

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Seminars in Immunopathology.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E (2015) Court Orders Netherlands to Cut Greenhouse Gas Emissions. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (2011) Information Technology: OMB Has Made Improvements to Its Dashboard, but Further Work Is Needed by Agencies and OMB to Ensure Data Accuracy. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
O’Neal L (2016) What’s in Your Toolbox?: Examining Tool Choices at Two Middle and Late Woodland-Period Sites on Florida’s Central Gulf Coast. Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Saslow L (2006) Long Island Weekend: A 48-Hour Treadmill of Activity -- Saturday. New York Times 14LI12

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSeminars in Immunopathology
AbbreviationSemin. Immunopathol.
ISSN (print)1863-2297
ISSN (online)1863-2300
ScopeImmunology
Immunology and Allergy

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