How to format your references using the Seminars in Immunopathology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Seminars in Immunopathology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lakes R (2000) MATERIALS SCIENCE: Deformations in Extreme Matter. Science 288:1976–1977
A journal article with 2 authors
Patterson GH, Lippincott-Schwartz J (2002) A photoactivatable GFP for selective photolabeling of proteins and cells. Science 297:1873–1877
A journal article with 3 authors
Karan S, Jiang Z, Livingston AG (2015) MEMBRANE FILTRATION. Sub-10 nm polyamide nanofilms with ultrafast solvent transport for molecular separation. Science 348:1347–1351
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Zhao H, Zhou Z, Dong H, et al (2013) A facile method to align carbon nanotubes on polymeric membrane substrate. Sci Rep 3:3480

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dunlop J, Girma D, Irvine J (2013) Digital Mobile Communications and the Tetra System. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., West Sussex, England
An edited book
Chorin AJ (2013) Stochastic Tools in Mathematics and Science, 3rd ed. 2013. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Ma C (2015) Construction and Operation and Maintenance of Rainwater Harvesting Project. In: Zhu Q, Gould J, Li Y, Ma C (eds) Rainwater Harvesting for Agriculture and Water Supply. Springer, Singapore, pp 139–163

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Seminars in Immunopathology.

Blog post
Davis J (2015) New Species Of Monkey Discovered In The Remote Peruvian Rainforest. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1998) Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Updated Status of Department of Education’s Information Systems. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Manso PH (2017) Teacher Evaluation: A Qualitative Study on Growth-Producing Practices in K-8 Schools. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney K (2009) A Fresh Pita Oasis, Plus Kebabs and Flatbreads. New York Times NJ8

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSeminars in Immunopathology
AbbreviationSemin. Immunopathol.
ISSN (print)1863-2297
ISSN (online)1863-2300
Immunology and Allergy

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