How to format your references using the Seminars in Immunopathology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Seminars in Immunopathology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Kanwisher N (2006) Neuroscience. What’s in a face? Science 311:617–618
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Kiberstis P, Marshall E (2011) Cancer crusade at 40. Celebrating an anniversary. Introduction. Science 331:1539
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Zarrinpar A, Park S-H, Lim WA (2003) Optimization of specificity in a cellular protein interaction network by negative selection. Nature 426:676–680
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Grenfell BT, Pybus OG, Gog JR, et al (2004) Unifying the epidemiological and evolutionary dynamics of pathogens. Science 303:327–332

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Denham BE (2016) Categorical Statistics for Communication Research. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
1.
Stadtler H (2012) Advanced Planning in Supply Chains: Illustrating the Concepts Using an SAP® APO Case Study. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Cortina S, Mayer N, Renault A, Barafort B (2014) Towards a Process Assessment Model for Management System Standards. In: Mitasiunas A, Rout T, O’Connor RV, Dorling A (eds) Software Process Improvement and Capability Determination: 14th International Conference, SPICE 2014, Vilnius, Lithuania, November 4-6, 2014, Proceedings. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 36–47

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Seminars in Immunopathology.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E (2015) How Ready For Climate Change Is Your Town Or City? In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (2000) Space Shuttle: Human Capital and Safety Upgrade Challenges Require Continued Attention. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Reilly CA (2014) Information and Communication Technology Use in the College Classroom: Adjunct Faculty Perspectives. Doctoral dissertation, Northcentral University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Billard M (2012) A Class For Every Yoga Mood. New York Times ST9

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSeminars in Immunopathology
AbbreviationSemin. Immunopathol.
ISSN (print)1863-2297
ISSN (online)1863-2300
ScopeImmunology
Immunology and Allergy

Other styles