How to format your references using the ACS Nano citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACS Nano. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Vivien, L. Computer Technology: Silicon Chips Lighten Up. Nature 2015, 528 (7583), 483–484.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chester, T. L.; Parcher, J. F. Tech.Sight. Blurring the Boundaries. Science 2001, 291 (5503), 502–503.
A journal article with 3 authors
Girvetz, E. H.; Jaeger, J. A. G.; Thorne, J. H. Comment on “Roadless Space of the Conterminous United States.” Science 2007, 318 (5854), 1240; author reply 1240.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Heine, A.; DeSantis, G.; Luz, J. G.; Mitchell, M.; Wong, C. H.; Wilson, I. A. Observation of Covalent Intermediates in an Enzyme Mechanism at Atomic Resolution. Science 2001, 294 (5541), 369–374.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pines, J. M.; Carpenter, C. R.; Raja, A. S.; Schuur, J. D. Evidence-Based Emergency Care; John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2012.
An edited book
Saad, A. P. B. Wear Prediction on Total Ankle Replacement: Effect of Design Parameters; Syahrom, A., Harun, M. N., Kadir, M. R. A., Eds.; SpringerBriefs in Applied Sciences and Technology; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Shirali, S.; Vasudeva, H. L. Inverse and Implicit Function Theorems. In Multivariable Analysis; Vasudeva, H. L., Ed.; Springer: London, 2011; pp 117–150.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACS Nano.

Blog post
Andrew, E. New Collection Of Artwork Commissioned By Gates Foundation Reminds Us Of The Importance Of Vaccination (accessed Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. School Meal Programs: Experiences of the States and Districts That Eliminated Reduced-Price Fees; GAO-09-584; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2009.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pulukkunat, D. Biochemical Studies on Archaeal Ribonuclease P Reveal Thematic Convergence in Protein-Facilitated RNA Catalysis. Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University: Columbus, OH, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Stewart, J. B. Hedge Fund Math: Heads or Tails, They Win. New York Times. December 22, 2016, p B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleACS Nano
AbbreviationACS Nano
ISSN (print)1936-0851
ISSN (online)1936-086X
ScopeGeneral Engineering
General Materials Science
General Physics and Astronomy

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