How to format your references using the ACS Nano citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACS Nano. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Buckingham, S. Buying into the Knowledge Game. Nature 2004, 428 (6984), 775.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ives, A. R.; Whitlock, M. C. Ecology. Inbreeding and Metapopulations. Science 2002, 295 (5554), 454–455.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cai, Y.; Zhang, G.; Zhang, Y.-W. Layer-Dependent Band Alignment and Work Function of Few-Layer Phosphorene. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 6677.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Huang, M.; Zhang, Y.; Li, F.; Wang, Z.; Alamusi; Hu, N.; Wen, Z.; Liu, Q. Merging of Kirkendall Growth and Ostwald Ripening: CuO@MnO2 Core-Shell Architectures for Asymmetric Supercapacitors. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 4518.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Egan, W. F. Advanced Frequency Synthesis by Phase Lock; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2011.
An edited book
Diverse Effects of Hypoxia on Tumor Progression; Simon, M. C., Ed.; Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2010; Vol. 345.
A chapter in an edited book
Borin, J. F.; McDougall, E. M. Ureteral Stent for Ureteral Stricture. In Interventional Management of Urological Diseases; Baba, S., Ono, Y., Eds.; Recent Advances in Endourology; Springer Japan: Tokyo, 2006; pp 75–86.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACS Nano.

Blog post
Luntz, S. Kepler Telescope Back With New Exoplanet Discovery. IFLScience. (accessed 2018-10-30).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. U.S. Infrastructure: Funding Trends and Federal Agencies’ Investment Estimates; GAO-01-986T; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2001.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wang, T. Trajectory Similarity Based Prediction for Remaining Useful Life Estimation. Doctoral dissertation, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik, J. War Is Hell? No, One-Dimensional. New York Times. August 31, 2017, p AR116.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleACS Nano
AbbreviationACS Nano
ISSN (print)1936-0851
ISSN (online)1936-086X
ScopeGeneral Engineering
General Materials Science
General Physics and Astronomy

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