How to format your references using the ACS Nano citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACS Nano. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Davis, B. G. Biochemistry. Mimicking Posttranslational Modifications of Proteins. Science 2004, 303 (5657), 480–482.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ullman, K. S.; Powers, M. A. STRUCTURAL BIOLOGY. Locking down the Core of the Pore. Science 2015, 350 (6256), 33–34.
A journal article with 3 authors
Müller, K.; Faeh, C.; Diederich, F. Fluorine in Pharmaceuticals: Looking beyond Intuition. Science 2007, 317 (5846), 1881–1886.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Parthasarathy, R.; Livelybrooks, D.; Johnson, D.; Page, C.; Boettcher, S.; Cohen, J. D.; Corwin, E.; Deutsch, M.; Haley, M.; Haydock, R.; Liu, S.-Y.; Lonergan, M.; Nazin, G.; Taylor, R.; Tyler, D.; Wang, H. NSF Program Benefits Schools in Need. Science 2011, 332 (6026), 173–174.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wang, Z.-G. Internal Combustion Processes of Liquid Rocket Engines; John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte Ltd: Singapore, 2016.
An edited book
Alpini, D. C. Vertigo Rehabilitation Protocols; Cesarani, A., Brugnoni, G., Eds.; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Beers, P. J.; Bots, P. W. G. Conceptual Analysis of Interdisciplinary Scientific Work. In Modeling and Using Context: 6th International and Interdisciplinary Conference, CONTEXT 2007, Roskilde, Denmark, August 20-24, 2007. Proceedings; Kokinov, B., Richardson, D. C., Roth-Berghofer, T. R., Vieu, L., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2007; pp 43–55.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACS Nano.

Blog post
Luntz, S. Star Clusters Unexpectedly Spawning New Stars (accessed Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Education Needs to Further Examine Data Collection on English Language Learners in Charter Schools; GAO-13-655R; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2013.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Thomas, L. E. Youth Art Ambassadors: A Youth Participatory Action Research Project Using Social Justice to Incite Change in Classrooms Where Teachers Teach Young People of Color. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
McKINLEY, J. C., Jr. Plea Deal For Woman In Spitzer Case. New York Times. October 2, 2017, p A25.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleACS Nano
AbbreviationACS Nano
ISSN (print)1936-0851
ISSN (online)1936-086X
ScopeGeneral Engineering
General Materials Science
General Physics and Astronomy

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