How to format your references using the Seminars in Diagnostic Pathology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Seminars in Diagnostic Pathology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Godfray HCJ. Challenges for taxonomy. Nature. 2002;417(6884):17-19.
A journal article with 2 authors
Thompson DWJ, Solomon S. Interpretation of recent Southern Hemisphere climate change. Science. 2002;296(5569):895-899.
A journal article with 3 authors
Galli SJ, Tsai M, Piliponsky AM. The development of allergic inflammation. Nature. 2008;454(7203):445-454.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Zhai Y, Pierre D, Si R, et al. Alkali-stabilized Pt-OHx species catalyze low-temperature water-gas shift reactions. Science. 2010;329(5999):1633-1636.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cohen WR, Friedman EA. Labor and Delivery Care. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2011.
An edited book
Silva L, Figueiredo E, eds. Shaping Rural Areas in Europe: Perceptions and Outcomes on the Present and the Future. Vol 107. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Nakkeeran S, Renukadevi P, Aiyanathan KEA. Exploring the Potential of Trichoderma for the Management of Seed and Soil-Borne Diseases of Crops. In: Muniappan R, Heinrichs EA, eds. Integrated Pest Management of Tropical Vegetable Crops. The rhizosphere and plant growth. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2016:77-130.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Seminars in Diagnostic Pathology.

Blog post
Luntz S. Mars Is Emerging From An Ice Age, Claims New Study. IFLScience. Published May 27, 2016. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Space Acquisitions: Government and Industry Partners Face Substantial Challenges in Developing New DOD Space Systems. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2009.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Manley Lima MC. Commuter Students’ Social Integration: The Relationship Between Involvement in Extracurricular Activities and Sense of Belonging. 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow K. Bronze Star: Gregg LeFevre Is the City’s Busiest Public Sculptor. New York Times. February 16, 2003:148.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleSeminars in Diagnostic Pathology
AbbreviationSemin. Diagn. Pathol.
ISSN (print)0740-2570
ScopePathology and Forensic Medicine

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