How to format your references using the Seminars in Diagnostic Pathology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Seminars in Diagnostic Pathology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Koen D. Nuts and bolts. Seeking feedback. Nature. 2004;430(6999):592.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Bilham R, Gaur V. Geophysics. Buildings as weapons of mass destruction. Science. 2013;341(6146):618-619.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Matsumoto K, Suzuki W, Tanaka K. Neuronal correlates of goal-based motor selection in the prefrontal cortex. Science. 2003;301(5630):229-232.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Aragoneses A, Perrone S, Sorrentino T, Torrent MC, Masoller C. Unveiling the complex organization of recurrent patterns in spiking dynamical systems. Sci Rep. 2014;4:4696.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Wang Z-G. Internal Combustion Processes of Liquid Rocket Engines. John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte Ltd; 2016.
An edited book
1.
Song IY, Eder J, Nguyen TM, eds. Data Warehousing and Knowledge Discovery: 9th International Conference, DaWaK 2007, Regensburg Germany, September 3-7, 2007. Proceedings. Vol 4654. Springer; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Sacchi L, Bellazzi R, Larizza C, Porreca R, Magni P. Learning Rules with Complex Temporal Patterns in Biomedical Domains. In: Miksch S, Hunter J, Keravnou ET, eds. Artificial Intelligence in Medicine: 10th Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Medicine, AIME 2005, Aberdeen, UK, July 23-27, 2005. Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer; 2005:23-32.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Seminars in Diagnostic Pathology.

Blog post
1.
Hale T. How To Have A Happy Sex Life With Your Partner, According To Science. IFLScience.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Business Systems Modernization: Results of Review of IRS’ Customer Account Data Engine Project. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2001.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Coffman MW. A National Study of the Relationship between Home Access to a Computer and Academic Performance Scores of Grade 12 U.S. Science Students: An Analysis of the 2009 NAEP Data. Published online 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Kelly D. Mudville Can Never Die. New York Times. April 15, 2001:725.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleSeminars in Diagnostic Pathology
AbbreviationSemin. Diagn. Pathol.
ISSN (print)0740-2570
ScopePathology and Forensic Medicine

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