How to format your references using the Seminars in Diagnostic Pathology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Seminars in Diagnostic Pathology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Holmes JA. Ecology. How the Sahara became dry. Science. 2008;320(5877):752-753.
A journal article with 2 authors
Phillips P, Balatsky AV. Physics. Cracking the supersolid. Science. 2007;316(5830):1435-1436.
A journal article with 3 authors
Arce SH, Wu PH, Tseng Y. Fast and accurate automated cell boundary determination for fluorescence microscopy. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2266.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Cohen MS, Zhang C, Shokat KM, Taunton J. Structural bioinformatics-based design of selective, irreversible kinase inhibitors. Science. 2005;308(5726):1318-1321.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Weinberg MA, Froum SJ. The Dentist’s Drug and Prescription Guide. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.,; 2012.
An edited book
Chen H, Chau M, Li SH, Urs S, Srinivasa S, Wang GA, eds. Intelligence and Security Informatics: Pacific Asia Workshop, PAISI 2010, Hyderabad, India, June 21, 2010. Proceedings. Vol 6122. Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Phan TN, Küng J, Dang TK. An Elastic Approximate Similarity Search in Very Large Datasets with MapReduce. In: Hameurlain A, Dang TK, Morvan F, eds. Data Management in Cloud, Grid and P2P Systems: 7th International Conference, Globe 2014, Munich, Germany, September 2-3, 2014. Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing; 2014:49-60.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Seminars in Diagnostic Pathology.

Blog post
Hale T. Facebook Data Explores Truth Of Stereotypes About Cat-Lovers And Dog-Lovers. IFLScience. Published August 15, 2016. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Meeting the Government’s Technology Challenge: Results of a GAO Symposium. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1990.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Flores E. An Exploratory Study on Widows’ Experiences Following the Loss of Their Spouse. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Otis J. Young Immigrant Seizes a Culinary Opportunity. New York Times. December 7, 2016:A27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleSeminars in Diagnostic Pathology
AbbreviationSemin. Diagn. Pathol.
ISSN (print)0740-2570
ScopePathology and Forensic Medicine

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