How to format your references using the Seminars in Diagnostic Pathology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Seminars in Diagnostic Pathology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Klarreich E. Wellcome Trust sets out fresh misconduct standards. Nature. 2001;412(6848):667.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wilson L, Head JW Iii. An integrated model of kimberlite ascent and eruption. Nature. 2007;447(7140):53-57.
A journal article with 3 authors
Platt T, Fuentes-Yaco C, Frank KT. Marine ecology: Spring algal bloom and larval fish survival. Nature. 2003;423(6938):398-399.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Jiang X, Århammar C, Liu P, Zhao J, Ahuja R. The R3-carbon allotrope: a pathway towards glassy carbon under high pressure. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1877.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Billingsley J. Essentials of Mechatronics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2006.
An edited book
Rockstuhl C, Scharf T, eds. Amorphous Nanophotonics. Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Badaloni S, Falda M. Discriminating Exanthematic Diseases from Temporal Patterns of Patient Symptoms. In: Miksch S, Hunter J, Keravnou ET, eds. Artificial Intelligence in Medicine: 10th Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Medicine, AIME 2005, Aberdeen, UK, July 23-27, 2005. Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer; 2005:33-42.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Seminars in Diagnostic Pathology.

Blog post
Andrew E. Virtual Bodyswapping Reduces Bias Against Other Races. IFLScience. Published February 4, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1998 NASA Budget: Review of Selected Activities. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1997.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bleviss C. Constructing Competence: Normalization and Self-Determination for People with Developmental Disabilities. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh MW, Cooper M. Illinois Pension Bonds to Test Investors’ Faith. New York Times. February 18, 2011:B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleSeminars in Diagnostic Pathology
AbbreviationSemin. Diagn. Pathol.
ISSN (print)0740-2570
ScopePathology and Forensic Medicine

Other styles