How to format your references using the Journal of Finance citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Finance. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pierrehumbert, Raymond T., 2002, The hydrologic cycle in deep-time climate problems, Nature 419, 191–198.
A journal article with 2 authors
Desai, Sanjay A., and Louis H. Miller, 2014, Malaria: Protein-export pathway illuminated, Nature 511, 541–542.
A journal article with 3 authors
Toyoshima, Chikashi, Hiromi Nomura, and Takeo Tsuda, 2004, Lumenal gating mechanism revealed in calcium pump crystal structures with phosphate analogues, Nature 432, 361–368.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Xu, Xing, Zhonghe Zhou, Xiaolin Wang, Xuewen Kuang, Fucheng Zhang, and Xiangke Du, 2003, Four-winged dinosaurs from China, Nature 421, 335–340.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chin, Wilson, 2016, Reservoir Engineering in Modern Oilfields (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ).
An edited book
Veeravalli, Bharadwaj, 2006, Distributed Multimedia Retrieval Strategies for Large Scale Networked Systems. Ed. Gerassimos Barlas. Vol. 29. Multimedia Systems and Applications (Springer US, Boston, MA).
A chapter in an edited book
AbuRahma, Ali F., 2007, Overview of Cerebrovascular Disease, in Ali F. AbuRahma and in John J. Bergan ed.: Noninvasive Vascular Diagnosis: A Practical Guide to Therapy (Springer, London).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Finance.

Blog post
Andrew, Danielle, 2015, How Much Water Would It Take To Extinguish The Sun?, IFLScience (IFLScience).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2009, English Language Learning: Diverse Federal and State Efforts to Support Adult English Language Learning Could Benefit from More Coordination, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mauger, Guillaume S., 2008, Synoptic sensitivities of subtropical clouds: Separating aerosol effects from meteorology, (University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
St. John Kelly, Erin, 1998, Media Talk; Dialing Sister Souljah at WLIB, New York Times.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Finance
AbbreviationJ. Finance
ISSN (print)0022-1082
ISSN (online)1540-6261
Economics and Econometrics

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