How to format your references using the Journal of Finance citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Finance. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Reichhardt, T., 2000, US astronomers draw up their wish list for a decade of funding, Nature 405, 381–382.
A journal article with 2 authors
Percec, Ivona, and Marisa S. Bartolomei, 2002, Genetics. Do X chromosomes set boundaries?, Science (New York, N.Y.) 295, 287–288.
A journal article with 3 authors
Strassmann, J. E., Y. Zhu, and D. C. Queller, 2000, Altruism and social cheating in the social amoeba Dictyostelium discoideum, Nature 408, 965–967.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Aebischer, Nicholas J., Sandra E. Baker, Paul J. Johnson, David W. Macdonald, and Jonathan C. Reynolds, 2003, Ecology: Hunting and fox numbers in the United Kingdom, Nature 423, 400; discussion 400.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Burrows, George E., and Ronald J. Tyrl, 2012, Toxic Plants of North America (Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK).
An edited book
Elmoataz, Abderrahim, Driss Mammass, Olivier Lezoray, Fathallah Nouboud, and Driss Aboutajdine, eds., 2012, Image and Signal Processing: 5th International Conference, ICISP 2012, Agadir, Morocco, June 28-30, 2012. Proceedings. Vol. 7340. Lecture Notes in Computer Science (Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg).
A chapter in an edited book
Droop, Matthias, Markus Flarer, Jinghua Groppe, Sven Groppe, Volker Linnemann, Jakob Pinggera, Florian Santner, Michael Schier, Felix Schöpf, Hannes Staffler, and Stefan Zugal, 2007, Translating XPath Queries into SPARQL Queries, in Robert Meersman, in Zahir Tari, and in Pilar Herrero ed.: On the Move to Meaningful Internet Systems 2007: OTM 2007 Workshops: OTM Confederated International Workshops and Posters, AWeSOMe, CAMS, OTM Academy Doctoral Consortium, MONET, OnToContent, ORM, PerSys, PPN, RDDS, SSWS, and SWWS 2007, Vilamoura, Portugal, November 25-30, 2007, Proceedings, Part I. Lecture Notes in Computer Science (Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Finance.

Blog post
Davis, Josh, 2015, New Hormone Therapy Could Slow Half of all Breast Cancers, IFLScience (IFLScience).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2004, Coast Guard Programs: Relationship between Resources Used and Results Achieved Needs to Be Clearer, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cook, Melissa M., 2017, An Examination of the Proportion of Special Education Students in Single-Parent Homes in Comparison to Regular Education Students in Similar Households, (Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
McKINLEY, James C., Jr., and Ashley Southall, 2016, One Outlier as Homicides in City Decline Significantly, New York Times.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference Reichhardt (2000).
This sentence cites two references Reichhardt (2000), Percec and Bartolomei (2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors:
  • Three authors:
  • 4 or more authors: Aebischer et al. (2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Finance
AbbreviationJ. Finance
ISSN (print)0022-1082
ISSN (online)1540-6261
Economics and Econometrics

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