How to format your references using the Journal of Finance citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Finance. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Redish, A. David, 2004, Addiction as a computational process gone awry, Science (New York, N.Y.) 306, 1944–1947.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fang, Jun, and Thomas F. McCutchan, 2002, Thermoregulation in a parasite’s life cycle, Nature 418, 742.
A journal article with 3 authors
Shi, Yanmei, Gene W. Tyson, and Edward F. DeLong, 2009, Metatranscriptomics reveals unique microbial small RNAs in the ocean’s water column, Nature 459, 266–269.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hou, Jianhua, Chuanbao Cao, Xilan Ma, Faryal Idrees, Bin Xu, Xin Hao, and Wei Lin, 2014, From rice bran to high energy density supercapacitors: a new route to control porous structure of 3D carbon, Scientific reports 4, 7260.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Packard, Ashley, 2010, Digital Media Law (Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK).
An edited book
Fernandes, João M., Ricardo J. Machado, and Krzysztof Wnuk, eds., 2015, Software Business: 6th International Conference, ICSOB 2015, Braga, Portugal, June 10-12, 2015, Proceedings. Vol. 210. Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing (Springer International Publishing, Cham).
A chapter in an edited book
Wang, Zhongtuo, 2011, Study of System Intuition by Noetic Science Founded by QIAN Xuesen, in Bin Hu, in Jiming Liu, in Lin Chen, and in Ning Zhong ed.: Brain Informatics: International Conference, BI 2011, Lanzhou, China, September 7-9, 2011. Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science (Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Finance.

Blog post
Andrews, Robin, 2017, Pioneering “Mini-Pancreas” Nullifies Woman’s Type 1 Diabetes, IFLScience (IFLScience).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1999, Travel System Requirements, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Thornsberry, Jana Lea, 2010, Freshman transition and its effectiveness on student success as measured by improved attendance, improved grades, decreased discipline referrals, and decreased dropout rate, (Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, Kelly, 2000, Those Gray Boxes on Poles? Fear Not, the Company Says, New York Times.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference Redish (2004).
This sentence cites two references Redish (2004), Fang and McCutchan (2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors:
  • Three authors:
  • 4 or more authors: Hou et al. (2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Finance
AbbreviationJ. Finance
ISSN (print)0022-1082
ISSN (online)1540-6261
Economics and Econometrics

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