How to format your references using the Journal of Finance citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Finance. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Harrison, Stephen C., 2010, Virology. Looking inside adenovirus, Science (New York, N.Y.) 329, 1026–1027.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rubenstein, Dustin R., and Irby J. Lovette, 2009, Reproductive skew and selection on female ornamentation in social species, Nature 462, 786–789.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ford, Heather L., A. Christina Ravelo, and Pratigya J. Polissar, 2015, Reduced El Niño-Southern Oscillation during the Last Glacial Maximum, Science (New York, N.Y.) 347, 255–258.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Karst, Stephanie M., Christiane E. Wobus, Margarita Lay, John Davidson, and Herbert W. Virgin 4th, 2003, STAT1-dependent innate immunity to a Norwalk-like virus, Science (New York, N.Y.) 299, 1575–1578.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pick, James B., 2012, Geo-Business GIS in the Digital Organization (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ).
An edited book
Fernando, H. J. S., Z. Klaić, and J. L. McCulley, eds., 2012, National Security and Human Health Implications of Climate Change. NATO Science for Peace and Security Series C: Environmental Security (Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht).
A chapter in an edited book
De Pace, Barbara, Barbara Ferrari, Giovanni Pellacani, Barbara Predieri, Lorenzo Iughetti, Leonardo Veneziano, Iris Zalaudek, Giuseppe Argenziano, and Caterina Longo, 2012, Confocal Microscopy: Improving Our Understanding of Nevogenesis, in Ashfaq A. Marghoob ed.: Nevogenesis: Mechanisms and Clinical Implications of Nevus Development (Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Finance.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise, 2015, What Has Been Holding Gene Therapy Back?, IFLScience (IFLScience).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1998, Transportation Infrastructure: Supplemental Information on the Federal Highway Administration’s Project Selection Process for Five Discretionary Programs, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bhandari, Suyogya, 2017, The Role of System of Systems in Additive Manufacturing, (Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, Raymond W., 1996, Handcuffing the Police, New York Times.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference Harrison (2010).
This sentence cites two references Harrison (2010), Rubenstein and Lovette (2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors:
  • Three authors:
  • 4 or more authors: Karst et al. (2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Finance
AbbreviationJ. Finance
ISSN (print)0022-1082
ISSN (online)1540-6261
Economics and Econometrics

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