How to format your references using the Nature Reviews Neuroscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nature Reviews Neuroscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Saksida, L. M. Neuroscience. Remembering outside the box. Science 325, 40–41 (2009).
A journal article with 2 authors
Kennedy, B. M. & van Soest, M. C. Flow of mantle fluids through the ductile lower crust: helium isotope trends. Science 318, 1433–1436 (2007).
A journal article with 3 authors
Helmus, M. R., Mahler, D. L. & Losos, J. B. Island biogeography of the Anthropocene. Nature 513, 543–546 (2014).
A journal article with 6 or more authors
Chen, Y. C. et al. Root defense analysis against Fusarium oxysporum reveals new regulators to confer resistance. Sci. Rep. 4, 5584 (2014).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Flood, J. M. Wiley Gaap 2015. (John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2014).
An edited book
Differential Equations and Numerical Analysis: Tiruchirappalli, India, January 2015. 172, (Springer India, 2016).
A chapter in an edited book
Boschen, J. S., Theis, D., Ruedenberg, K. & Windus, T. L. Accurate ab initio potential energy curves and spectroscopic properties of the four lowest singlet states of C2. in Thom H. Dunning, Jr: A Festschrift from Theoretical Chemistry Accounts (eds. Wilson, A. K., Peterson, K. A. & Woon, D. E.) 47–58 (Springer, 2015).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nature Reviews Neuroscience.

Blog post
Andrew, E. Promising Rabies Treatment Cures Mice After Symptoms Appear. IFLScience (2015). Available at: (Accessed: 30th October 2018)


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Honeywell Computer Equipment Supplied to DOD. (U.S. Government Printing Office, 1979).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
LaVertu, D. J. An Exploratory Approach to In-Trinity® for Fall Prevention. (California State University, Long Beach, 2017).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K. The Greenhouse Stays. Some of the Greenery Goes. New York Times 148 (2002).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleNature Reviews Neuroscience
AbbreviationNat. Rev. Neurosci.
ISSN (print)1471-003X
ISSN (online)1471-0048
ScopeGeneral Neuroscience

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