How to format your references using the Nature Reviews Neuroscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nature Reviews Neuroscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P. It could be worse. Nature 425, 745 (2003).
A journal article with 2 authors
Blake, C. & Wall, J. A velocity dipole in the distribution of radio galaxies. Nature 416, 150–152 (2002).
A journal article with 3 authors
Ambrose, K. V., Koppenhöfer, A. M. & Belanger, F. C. Horizontal gene transfer of a bacterial insect toxin gene into the Epichloë fungal symbionts of grasses. Sci. Rep. 4, 5562 (2014).
A journal article with 6 or more authors
Li, X. et al. Ratio of Aβ42/P-tau181p in CSF is associated with aberrant default mode network in AD. Sci. Rep. 3, 1339 (2013).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Weinberg, M. A., Segelnick, S. L., Insler, J. S. & Kramer, S. The Dentist’s Quick Guide to Medical Conditions. (John Wiley & Sons, Inc, 2015).
An edited book
Komorowski, T. Fluctuations in Markov Processes: Time Symmetry and Martingale Approximation. vol. 345 (Springer, 2012).
A chapter in an edited book
Piccardi, C. & Casagrandi, R. Remarks on Epidemic Spreading in Scale-Free Networks. in Modelling, Estimation and Control of Networked Complex Systems (eds. Chiuso, A. et al.) 77–89 (Springer, 2009).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nature Reviews Neuroscience.

Blog post
Fang, J. Some Thought She Was Possessed By The Devil, But Doctors Figured Out What Was Causing This Little Girls Uncontrollable Laughter. IFLScience (2014).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Transportation Programs: Opportunities for Oversight and Improved Use of Taxpayer Funds. (2003).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Clark, D. K. Professional values: A study of education and experience in nursing students and nurses. (Capella University, 2009).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hyduk, J. Looking to Take a City Where Grubb and Speed Never Did. New York Times B10 (2016).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleNature Reviews Neuroscience
AbbreviationNat. Rev. Neurosci.
ISSN (print)1471-003X
ISSN (online)1471-0048
ScopeGeneral Neuroscience

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