How to format your references using the Nature Reviews Neuroscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nature Reviews Neuroscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Marwan, W. Systems biology. Amoeba-inspired network design. Science 327, 419–420 (2010).
A journal article with 2 authors
Knudsen, B. M. & Andersen, S. B. Geophysics. Longitudinal variation in springtime ozone trends. Nature 413, 699–700 (2001).
A journal article with 3 authors
Kohli, R. M., Walsh, C. T. & Burkart, M. D. Biomimetic synthesis and optimization of cyclic peptide antibiotics. Nature 418, 658–661 (2002).
A journal article with 6 or more authors
Pierce-Shimomura, J. T., Faumont, S., Gaston, M. R., Pearson, B. J. & Lockery, S. R. The homeobox gene lim-6 is required for distinct chemosensory representations in C. elegans. Nature 410, 694–698 (2001).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kenny, T. The Nuts and Bolts of Implantable Device Therapy Pacemakers. (John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2014).
An edited book
Kunze, H. Fractal-Based Methods in Analysis. (Springer US, 2012).
A chapter in an edited book
Luenberger, D. G. & Ye, Y. Duality and Complementarity. in Linear and Nonlinear Programming (ed. Ye, Y.) 83–114 (Springer International Publishing, 2016).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nature Reviews Neuroscience.

Blog post
Andrew, E. Astronomers Capture A Rare Wolf-Rayet Star Just Hours After It Dramatically Explodes. IFLScience (2014).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Income Security Issue Area: Active Assignments. (1995).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Liu, C. C. Charles T. Griffes’s “Roman Sketches”: A performer’s guide. (California State University, Long Beach, 2012).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams, J. If They Don’t Believe You, Put It in Print. New York Times C5 (2017).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleNature Reviews Neuroscience
AbbreviationNat. Rev. Neurosci.
ISSN (print)1471-003X
ISSN (online)1471-0048
ScopeGeneral Neuroscience

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