How to format your references using the Nature Reviews Neuroscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nature Reviews Neuroscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schenkel, R. Science policy. The challenge of feeding scientific advice into policy-making. Science 330, 1749–1751 (2010).
A journal article with 2 authors
Golz, J. & MacLeod, D. I. A. Influence of scene statistics on colour constancy. Nature 415, 637–640 (2002).
A journal article with 3 authors
Wade, J. T., Hall, D. B. & Struhl, K. The transcription factor Ifh1 is a key regulator of yeast ribosomal protein genes. Nature 432, 1054–1058 (2004).
A journal article with 6 or more authors
Roberge, A., Feldman, P. D., Weinberger, A. J., Deleuil, M. & Bouret, J.-C. Stabilization of the disk around beta Pictoris by extremely carbon-rich gas. Nature 441, 724–726 (2006).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Janke, S. J. & Tinsley, F. C. Introduction to Linear Models and Statistical Inference. (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2005).
An edited book
Dynamic Localization Phenomena in Elasticity, Acoustics and Electromagnetism. 547, (Springer, 2013).
A chapter in an edited book
Houchens, N. & Kim, C. S. The Application of Lean in the Healthcare Sector: Theory and Practical Examples. in Lean Thinking for Healthcare (eds. Wickramasinghe, N., Al-Hakim, L., Gonzalez, C. & Tan, J.) 43–53 (Springer, 2014).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nature Reviews Neuroscience.

Blog post
Davis, J. Dinosaurs May Have Evolved Up To 20 Million Years Earlier Than Thought. IFLScience (2016). Available at: (Accessed: 30th October 2018)


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Delegation of GSA Procurement Authority for Automatic Data Processing Equipment Acquisitions. (U.S. Government Printing Office, 1976).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Aramphongphun, C. In-mold Coating of Thermoplastic and Composite Parts: Microfluidics and Rheology. (Ohio State University, 2006).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Nagourney, A. & Shear, M. D. Call From California: President Trump, Where Are You? New York Times A13 (2017).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleNature Reviews Neuroscience
AbbreviationNat. Rev. Neurosci.
ISSN (print)1471-003X
ISSN (online)1471-0048
ScopeGeneral Neuroscience

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