How to format your references using the Nature Reviews Neuroscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nature Reviews Neuroscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brock, J. D. Chemistry. Watching atoms move. Science 315, 609–610 (2007).
A journal article with 2 authors
Youngs, H. & Somerville, C. Plant science. Best practices for biofuels. Science 344, 1095–1096 (2014).
A journal article with 3 authors
Sharma, B., Mandani, S. & Sarma, T. K. Biogenic growth of alloys and core-shell nanostructures using urease as a nanoreactor at ambient conditions. Sci. Rep. 3, 2601 (2013).
A journal article with 6 or more authors
Fröhlich, A. et al. IL-21R on T cells is critical for sustained functionality and control of chronic viral infection. Science 324, 1576–1580 (2009).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
El-Reedy, M. A. Construction Management for Industrial Projects. (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2011).
An edited book
Budd, A. CSS Mastery: Advanced Web Standards Solutions. (Apress, 2009).
A chapter in an edited book
Kantert, J., Bernard, Y., Klejnowski, L. & Müller-Schloer, C. Estimation of Reward and Decision Making for Trust-Adaptive Agents in Normative Environments. in Architecture of Computing Systems – ARCS 2014: 27th International Conference, Lübeck, Germany, February 25-28, 2014. Proceedings (eds. Maehle, E., Römer, K., Karl, W. & Tovar, E.) 49–59 (Springer International Publishing, 2014).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nature Reviews Neuroscience.

Blog post
Andrew, E. India: The Pharmacy Of The World Where ‘Crazy Drug combinations’ Go Unregulated. IFLScience (2015).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Special Education: Federal Actions Can Assist States in Improving Postsecondary Outcomes for Youth. (2003).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tran, L. N. Low-cost vehicle remote diagnostic system. (California State University, Long Beach, 2013).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K. In Unlikely Urban Shadows, A Shopping Haven Takes Root. New York Times 146 (2003).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleNature Reviews Neuroscience
AbbreviationNat. Rev. Neurosci.
ISSN (print)1471-003X
ISSN (online)1471-0048
ScopeGeneral Neuroscience

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