How to format your references using the Energy Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Energy Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Diamandis, E.P., 2015. Getting noticed is half the battle. Science 349, 206.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gandin, V., Topisirovic, I., 2013. Cell biology. Trans-HSF1 express. Science 341, 242–243.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fortes, A.D., Suard, E., Knight, K.S., 2011. Negative linear compressibility and massive anisotropic thermal expansion in methanol monohydrate. Science 331, 742–746.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Qian, K., Zhou, L., Liu, J., Yang, J., Xu, H., Yu, M., Nouwens, A., Zou, J., Monteiro, M.J., Yu, C., 2013. Laser engineered graphene paper for mass spectrometry imaging. Sci. Rep. 3, 1415.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Reay, D., 2012. Digital Signal Processing and Applications with the OMAP-L138 eXperimenter. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Scholz, C., Zentes, J. (Eds.), 2006. Strategic Management — New Rules for Old Europe. Gabler, Wiesbaden.
A chapter in an edited book
Krzyżowski, Ł., 2016. Structuring Social Remittances: Transnational Networks of Polish Migrants, in: Nowicka, M., Šerbedžija, V. (Eds.), Migration and Social Remittances in a Global Europe. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London, pp. 71–93.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Energy Economics.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2017. Stargazing Live Leads To Discovery Of Multi-Planet System [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1996. Federally Funded R&D Centers: Issues Relating to the Management of DOD-Sponsored Centers (No. NSIAD-96-112). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Robertson, B., 2012. Forging a New World Nationalism: Ancient Mexico in United States art and visual culture, 1933–1945 (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lasdun, J., 2017. Odd Coupling. New York Times BR11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Diamandis, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Diamandis, 2015; Gandin and Topisirovic, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gandin and Topisirovic, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Qian et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnergy Economics
AbbreviationEnergy Econ.
ISSN (print)0140-9883
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics
General Energy

Other styles