How to format your references using the Seminars in Colon and Rectal Surgery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Seminars in Colon and Rectal Surgery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Catling DC. Comment on “A hydrogen-rich early Earth atmosphere.” Science. 2006;311(5757):38; author reply 38.
A journal article with 2 authors
Anbar AD, Knoll AH. Proterozoic ocean chemistry and evolution: a bioinorganic bridge? Science. 2002;297(5584):1137-1142.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jonsson GE, Miljkovic V, Dmitriev A. Nanoplasmon-enabled macroscopic thermal management. Sci Rep. 2014;4:5111.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Yoon A, Peng G, Brandenburger Y, et al. Impaired control of IRES-mediated translation in X-linked dyskeratosis congenita. Science. 2006;312(5775):902-906.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Benmammar B, Amraoui A. Radio Resource Allocation and Dynamic Spectrum Access. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
Einav G, ed. The New World of Transitioned Media: Digital Realignment and Industry Transformation. Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Heendaliya L, Lin D, Hurson A. Predictive Line Queries for Traffic Prediction. In: Hameurlain A, Küng J, Wagner R, Liddle SW, Schewe K-D, Zhou X, eds. Transactions on Large-Scale Data- and Knowledge-Centered Systems VI: Special Issue on Database- and Expert-Systems Applications. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer; 2012:106-133.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Seminars in Colon and Rectal Surgery.

Blog post
Andrew E. Scientists Control Brain Cells Using Sound Waves. IFLScience. Published September 16, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Aviation Fees: Review of Air Carriers’ Year 2000 Passenger and Property Screening Costs. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2005.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Araki PR. Golden Years Home Residential Care Facility for the Elderly. Published online 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky S. Magazine Is New in Moscow, but Looks Familiar to New York. New York Times. August 21, 2004:A4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleSeminars in Colon and Rectal Surgery
AbbreviationSemin. Colon Rectal Surg.
ISSN (print)1043-1489

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