How to format your references using the Seminars in Colon and Rectal Surgery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Seminars in Colon and Rectal Surgery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Gordon JI. Honor thy gut symbionts redux. Science. 2012;336(6086):1251-1253.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Tang S, Guo A. Choice behavior of Drosophila facing contradictory visual cues. Science. 2001;294(5546):1543-1547.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Prajeesh AG, Ashok K, Rao DVB. Falling monsoon depression frequency: a Gray-Sikka conditions perspective. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2989.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Lee T-F, Liou M-H, Huang Y-J, et al. LASSO NTCP predictors for the incidence of xerostomia in patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma and nasopharyngeal carcinoma. Sci Rep. 2014;4:6217.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Brown BL, Hendrix SB, Hedges DW, Smith TB. Multivariate Analysis for the Biobehavioral and Social Sciences. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
1.
Bellahsène Z, Léonard M, eds. Advanced Information Systems Engineering: 20th International Conference, CAiSE 2008 Montpellier, France, June 16-20, 2008 Proceedings. Vol 5074. Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Greenstone B. Brian Greenstone’s Jedi Master List for Game Optimization. In: Bondo J, Fothergill A, Greenstone B, et al., eds. IPhone Games Projects. Apress; 2009:99-127.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Seminars in Colon and Rectal Surgery.

Blog post
1.
O`Callaghan J. China Launches World’s First Quantum Communications Satellite. IFLScience. Published August 18, 2016. Accessed October 30, 2018. https://www.iflscience.com/space/china-launches-world-first-quantum-satellite/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Greater Use of Exemplary Education Programs Could Improve Education for Disadvantaged Children. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1981.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Rehman JL. Rape as religious terrorism and genocide the 1971 war between East and West Pakistan. Published online 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Cyran R, Hay G. A New Lieutenant For Ellison’s War. New York Times. September 8, 2010:B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleSeminars in Colon and Rectal Surgery
AbbreviationSemin. Colon Rectal Surg.
ISSN (print)1043-1489
ScopeGastroenterology
Surgery

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