How to format your references using the International Journal of Disability, Development and Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Disability, Development and Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dennis, C. (2003). Bushfires annihilate Australian observatory. Nature, 421(6921), 302.
A journal article with 2 authors
Boots, M., & Mealor, M. (2007). Local interactions select for lower pathogen infectivity. Science (New York, N.Y.), 315(5816), 1284–1286.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hata, S., Nakao, H., & Mikhailov, A. S. (2014). Dispersal-induced destabilization of metapopulations and oscillatory Turing patterns in ecological networks. Scientific Reports, 4, 3585.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Lin, H.-K., Chen, Z., Wang, G., Nardella, C., Lee, S.-W., Chan, C.-H., Yang, W.-L., Wang, J., Egia, A., Nakayama, K. I., Cordon-Cardo, C., Teruya-Feldstein, J., & Pandolfi, P. P. (2010). Skp2 targeting suppresses tumorigenesis by Arf-p53-independent cellular senescence. Nature, 464(7287), 374–379.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Aksamija, A. (2016). Integrating Innovation in Architecture. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Oliva, E., & Muggia, F. (Eds.). (2009). Uterine Cancer: Screening, Diagnosis, and Treatment. Humana Press.
A chapter in an edited book
Devonshire-Ellis, C., Scott, A., & Woollard, S. (2011). Due Diligence. In C. Devonshire-Ellis, A. Scott, & S. Woollard (Eds.), Mergers & Acquisitions in China (pp. 37–50). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Disability, Development and Education.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2017, March 8). New Ways Are Needed To Make Cannabis Use Safer. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2007). Information Technology: FBI Following a Number of Key Acquisition Practices on New Case Management System but Improvements Still Needed (GAO-07-912). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Barnett, J. (2017). Understanding gender differences in teachers’ level of insight as it relates to ADHD [Doctoral dissertation]. Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K. (2000, September 17). The Student, the Sleuth and the Mysterious Pillow. New York Times, 141.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dennis, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Boots & Mealor, 2007; Dennis, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Boots & Mealor, 2007)
  • Three authors: (Hata et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Lin et al., 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Disability, Development and Education
AbbreviationIntl. J. Disabil. Dev. Educ.
ISSN (print)1034-912X
ISSN (online)1465-346X
ScopeDevelopmental and Educational Psychology
Health(social science)
Health Professions (miscellaneous)

Other styles