How to format your references using the Journal of Insect Conservation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Insect Conservation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hess H (2006) Materials science. Toward devices powered by biomolecular motors. Science 312:860–861
A journal article with 2 authors
Sawamiphak S, Stainier DYR (2014) Developmental biology: It takes muscle to make blood cells. Nature 512:257–258
A journal article with 3 authors
Field J, Cronin A, Bridge C (2006) Future fitness and helping in social queues. Nature 441:214–217
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Stankovich S, Dikin DA, Dommett GHB, et al (2006) Graphene-based composite materials. Nature 442:282–286

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Trout J, Rivkin S (2008) Differentiate or Die. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Hodler J, Zollikofer CL, Schulthess GK von (eds) (2005) Musculoskeletal Diseases: Diagnostic Imaging and Interventional Techniques. Springer, Milano
A chapter in an edited book
Kumar RSS, Ferry JG (2014) Prokaryotic Carbonic Anhydrases of Earth’s Environment. In: Frost SC, McKenna R (eds) Carbonic Anhydrase: Mechanism, Regulation, Links to Disease, and Industrial Applications. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 77–87

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Insect Conservation.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) The Public Must Speak Up About Gene Editing – Beyond Embryo Modification. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1995) Impoundments: Proposed Rescissions of Justice, Transportation, and NASA Funds. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Adams CA (2013) Impact of water management and agronomic practices on the performance of insecticide seed treatments against rice water weevil, Lissorhoptrus oryzophilus Kuschel, in Mississippi rice. Doctoral dissertation, Mississippi State University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Harris G (2012) India’s Olympic Committee Is Suspended by the I.O.C. New York Times B16

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hess 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Hess 2006; Sawamiphak and Stainier 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sawamiphak and Stainier 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Stankovich et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Insect Conservation
AbbreviationJ. Insect Conserv.
ISSN (print)1366-638X
ISSN (online)1572-9753
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
Insect Science
Nature and Landscape Conservation

Other styles