How to format your references using the Journal of Insect Conservation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Insect Conservation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ray LB (2013) Single-cell biology. Cells go solo. Introduction. Science 342:1187
A journal article with 2 authors
Lau H, Maniscalco B (2010) Neuroscience. Should confidence be trusted? Science 329:1478–1479
A journal article with 3 authors
Freitas R, Zhang G, Cohn MJ (2006) Evidence that mechanisms of fin development evolved in the midline of early vertebrates. Nature 442:1033–1037
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Mecklenbräuker I, Kalled SL, Leitges M, et al (2004) Regulation of B-cell survival by BAFF-dependent PKCdelta-mediated nuclear signalling. Nature 431:456–461

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chadwick P (2008) Person-Based Cognitive Therapy for Distressing Psychosis. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, West Sussex, England
An edited book
Golden RE (2013) Best Evidence Structural Interventions for HIV Prevention. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Olivi G, Olivi M (2015) Laser–Hard Tissue Interaction. In: Olivi G, Olivi M (eds) Lasers in Restorative Dentistry: A Practical Guide. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 51–85

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Insect Conservation.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Scientists Develop Telescopic Contact Lenses That Can Zoom 3X. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2011) Initial Pilot Training: Better Management Controls Are Needed to Improve FAA Oversight. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kang EY (2010) Late Twentieth-Century Piano Concert Etudes: A Style Study. Doctoral dissertation, University of Cincinnati

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander S (2000) Maryland Rides Second-Half Rally to Sixth Straight Title. New York Times D10

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ray 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Lau and Maniscalco 2010; Ray 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lau and Maniscalco 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Mecklenbräuker et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Insect Conservation
AbbreviationJ. Insect Conserv.
ISSN (print)1366-638X
ISSN (online)1572-9753
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
Insect Science
Nature and Landscape Conservation

Other styles