How to format your references using the Journal of Insect Conservation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Insect Conservation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Butler D (2003) Quake triggers research expedition. Nature 423:673
A journal article with 2 authors
Clutton-Brock T, Sheldon BC (2010) Ecology. The Seven Ages of Pan. Science 327:1207–1208
A journal article with 3 authors
Pelupessy P, Rennella E, Bodenhausen G (2009) High-resolution NMR in magnetic fields with unknown spatiotemporal variations. Science 324:1693–1697
A journal article with 5 or more authors
van den Berg B, Black PN, Clemons WM Jr, Rapoport TA (2004) Crystal structure of the long-chain fatty acid transporter FadL. Science 304:1506–1509

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sedlacek HH, Sapienza AM, Eid V (2008) Ways to Successful Strategies in Drug Research and Development. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH, Weinheim, Germany
An edited book
Sengupta A (2009) Fuzzy Preference Ordering of Interval Numbers in Decision Problems. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Markovski J (2013) Towards Supervisory Control of Generally-Distributed Discrete-Event Systems. In: Balsamo MS, Knottenbelt WJ, Marin A (eds) Computer Performance Engineering: 10th European Workshop, EPEW 2013, Venice, Italy, September 16-17, 2013. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 43–57

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Insect Conservation.

Blog post
Davis J (2015) According To New Study, A Blood Test Could Predict Suicide Risk. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2000) Federal Communications Commission: Competitive Bidding Procedures. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Baker TN (2017) The Impact of Undergraduate Research Participation on Research Self-Efficacy. Doctoral dissertation, Florida Atlantic University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rich N (2013) Just Roll, Baby. New York Times MM24

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Butler 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Butler 2003; Clutton-Brock and Sheldon 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Clutton-Brock and Sheldon 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (van den Berg et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Insect Conservation
AbbreviationJ. Insect Conserv.
ISSN (print)1366-638X
ISSN (online)1572-9753
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
Insect Science
Nature and Landscape Conservation

Other styles