How to format your references using the Journal of Insect Conservation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Insect Conservation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Celotti A (2008) Astronomy. Life after death. Science 321:1164–1165
A journal article with 2 authors
Mohd-Sarip A, Verrijzer CP (2004) Molecular biology. A higher order of silence. Science 306:1484–1485
A journal article with 3 authors
Kumarevel T, Mizuno H, Kumar PKR (2005) Structural basis of HutP-mediated anti-termination and roles of the Mg2+ ion and L-histidine ligand. Nature 434:183–191
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Shen S, Zhou J, Dong C-L, et al (2014) Surface engineered doping of hematite nanorod arrays for improved photoelectrochemical water splitting. Sci Rep 4:6627

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kurrer K-E (2016) Geschichte der Baustatik. Wilhelm Ernst & Sohn, Verlag für Architektur und technische Wissenschaften GmbH & Co. KG, Berlin, Germany
An edited book
Stoltenberg SF (ed) (2014) Genes and the Motivation to Use Substances. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Oh S-C, Hildreth AJ (2016) Energy Decision-Making 2: Demand Response Option Contract Decision Based on Stochastic Programming. In: Hildreth AJ (ed) Analytics for Smart Energy Management: Tools and Applications for Sustainable Manufacturing. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 109–135

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Insect Conservation.

Blog post
Andrew E (2016) Is Social Media Making People Depressed? In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1995) International Broadcasting: Downsizing and Relocating Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Yackel RJ (2010) Recruitment and retention of nurses in long -term care within the Florida Department of Veterans’ Affairs. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly K (1999) Children’s Books. New York Times 737

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Celotti 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Mohd-Sarip and Verrijzer 2004; Celotti 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mohd-Sarip and Verrijzer 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Shen et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Insect Conservation
AbbreviationJ. Insect Conserv.
ISSN (print)1366-638X
ISSN (online)1572-9753
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
Insect Science
Nature and Landscape Conservation

Other styles