How to format your references using the Journal of Insect Conservation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Insect Conservation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Berry M (2000) Making waves in physics. Three wave singularities from the miraculous 1830s. Nature 403:21
A journal article with 2 authors
Hajkova P, Surani MA (2004) Development. Programming the X chromosome. Science 303:633–634
A journal article with 3 authors
Strassmann JE, Zhu Y, Queller DC (2000) Altruism and social cheating in the social amoeba Dictyostelium discoideum. Nature 408:965–967
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Jex AR, Liu S, Li B, et al (2011) Ascaris suum draft genome. Nature 479:529–533

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Guochao Q, Shuyu T, Min Z, Chun J (2014) The Environment and Landscape in Motorway Design. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Grossweiner LI (2005) The Science of Phototherapy: An Introduction. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Peperzak A (2009) Sincerely Yours. Towards a Phenomenology of Me. In: Hofmeyr B (ed) Radical Passivity: Rethinking Ethical Agency in Levinas. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 55–66

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Insect Conservation.

Blog post
Fang J (2015) World’s Deepest Cave-Dwelling Centipede is Named After Hades. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1999) Airline Deregulation: Changes in Airfares and Service at Four South Carolina Communities. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ringberg JE (2012) Daily life at Cerro León, an Early Intermediate period highland settlement in the Moche Valley, Peru. Doctoral dissertation, University of North Carolina

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Nixon R, Shear MD (2017) Square-Jawed General Has New Mission: Restore Order to West Wing. New York Times A11

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Berry 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Berry 2000; Hajkova and Surani 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hajkova and Surani 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Jex et al. 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Insect Conservation
AbbreviationJ. Insect Conserv.
ISSN (print)1366-638X
ISSN (online)1572-9753
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
Insect Science
Nature and Landscape Conservation

Other styles