How to format your references using the Seminars in Cancer Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Seminars in Cancer Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
G. Basri, Astronomy. Big fields on small stars, Science. 311 (2006) 618–619.
A journal article with 2 authors
T.M. Bezemer, W.H. van der Putten, Ecology: diversity and stability in plant communities, Nature. 446 (2007) E6-7; discussion E7-8.
A journal article with 3 authors
J.-Y. Raty, E. Schwegler, S.A. Bonev, Electronic and structural transitions in dense liquid sodium, Nature. 449 (2007) 448–451.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
L. Liang, S. Juarez, T.V.T. Nga, S. Dunstan, R. Nakajima-Sasaki, D.H. Davies, S. McSorley, S. Baker, P.L. Felgner, Immune profiling with a Salmonella Typhi antigen microarray identifies new diagnostic biomarkers of human typhoid, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 1043.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
S.M. Iacus, Option Pricing and Estimation of Financial Models with R, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2011.
An edited book
C. Mukhopadhyay, K.B. Akhilesh, R. Srinivasan, A. Gurtoo, P. Ramachandran, P.P. Iyer, M. Mathirajan, M.H. Bala Subrahmanya, eds., Driving the Economy through Innovation and Entrepreneurship: Emerging Agenda for Technology Management, Springer India, New Delhi, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
B.S. Fleenor, A.J. Berrones, Interventions to Destiffen Arteries, in: A.J. Berrones (Ed.), Arterial Stiffness: Implications and Interventions, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2015: pp. 43–57.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Seminars in Cancer Biology.

Blog post
S. Luntz, El Niño Is Bringing Flowers To The Atacama Desert, IFLScience. (2015).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, DOD Acquisition: Case Study of the MILSTAR Satellite Communications System, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1986.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
S.H. Jang, Interpretation of extended techniques in unaccompanied flute works by East-Asian composers: Isang Yun, Toru Takemitsu, and Kazuo Fukushima, Doctoral dissertation, University of Cincinnati, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
C. Sang-Hun, Accused of ‘Hostile Acts,’ a 4th American Citizen Is Detained by North Korea, New York Times. (2017) A4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSeminars in Cancer Biology
AbbreviationSemin. Cancer Biol.
ISSN (print)1044-579X
ScopeCancer Research

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