How to format your references using the Seminars in Cancer Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Seminars in Cancer Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
H. Brody, Human papillomavirus, Nature. 488 (2012) S1.
A journal article with 2 authors
N. Fujii, A.M. Graybiel, Representation of action sequence boundaries by macaque prefrontal cortical neurons, Science. 301 (2003) 1246–1249.
A journal article with 3 authors
S. Feng, S.E. Jacobsen, W. Reik, Epigenetic reprogramming in plant and animal development, Science. 330 (2010) 622–627.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Y. Ma, Y. Dai, W. Wei, B. Huang, M.-H. Whangbo, Strain-induced quantum spin Hall effect in methyl-substituted germanane GeCH3, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 7297.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
MacRoberts, MacRoberts on Scottish Construction Contracts, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2014.
An edited book
T. Rauschenbach, ed., Modeling, Control and Optimization of Water Systems: Systems Engineering Methods for Control and Decision Making Tasks, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
A. Zeller, Mining Models, in: A. Donaldson, D. Parker (Eds.), Model Checking Software: 19th International Workshop, SPIN 2012, Oxford, UK, July 23-24, 2012. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2012: pp. 23–23.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Seminars in Cancer Biology.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Humanity Is In The Existential Danger Zone, Study Confirms, IFLScience. (2015).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Gender Equity: Men’s and Women’s Participation in Higher Education, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2000.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
A.N. Chryssis, Design and fabrication of high-performance interband cascade tunable external cavity lasers, Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
L. Saslow, A $10 Million Grant for Homes for the Homeless, New York Times. (2007) LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSeminars in Cancer Biology
AbbreviationSemin. Cancer Biol.
ISSN (print)1044-579X
ScopeCancer Research

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