How to format your references using the Journal of Intelligence citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Intelligence. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
A’Hearn, M.F. The comet no one saw. Nature 2000, 405, 285, 287.
A journal article with 2 authors
Arnqvist, G.; Rowe, L. Antagonistic coevolution between the sexes in a group of insects. Nature 2002, 415, 787–789.
A journal article with 3 authors
Travis, D.J.; Carleton, A.M.; Lauritsen, R.G. Contrails reduce daily temperature range. Nature 2002, 418, 601.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Rakitzis, T.P.; Samartzis, P.C.; Toomes, R.L.; Kitsopoulos, T.N.; Brown, A.; Balint-Kurti, G.G.; Vasyutinskii, O.S.; Beswick, J.A. Spin-polarized hydrogen atoms from molecular photodissociation. Science 2003, 300, 1936–1938.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ni, Z.; Pacoret, C.; Benosman, R.; Régnier, S. Haptic Feedback Teleoperation of Optical Tweezers; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2014; ISBN 9781119005070.
An edited book
Essays in Mathematics and its Applications: In Honor of Stephen Smale´s 80th Birthday; Pardalos, P.M., Rassias, T.M., Eds.; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2012; ISBN 9783642288203.
A chapter in an edited book
Babenyshev, S.; Rybakov, V. Decidability of Hybrid Logic with Local Common Knowledge Based on Linear Temporal Logic LTL. In Logic and Theory of Algorithms: 4th Conference on Computability in Europe, CiE 2008, Athens, Greece, June 15-20, 2008 Proceedings; Beckmann, A., Dimitracopoulos, C., Löwe, B., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2008; pp. 32–41 ISBN 9783540694052.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Intelligence.

Blog post
Andrews, R. Chernobyl Set To Become Gigantic Solar Power Park Available online: (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Stock Market Automation: Exchanges Have Increased Systems’ Capacities Since the 1987 Market Crash; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1991;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hume, D.M. The reader as collaborator in Coleridge’s fragments “The Rime of the Ancient Mariner”, “Christabel,” and “Kubla Khan”: Kindling “Native flames” rather than reflecting “Alien fires.” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Skurnick, L.; Bai, M.; Spitznagel, E.; Batali, M.; Gross, J.; Reeves, H.; Henig, S.; Newton, M.; Sittenfeld, C.; Kelly, J.; et al. The One-Page Magazine. New York Times 2012, MM9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Intelligence
AbbreviationJ. Intell.
ISSN (online)2079-3200

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