How to format your references using the Journal of Intelligence citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Intelligence. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Adkins, J. Paleoclimate. Dating--Vive La Différence. Science 2001, 294, 1844–1845.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ottino, J.M.; Wiggins, S. Applied Physics. Designing Optimal Micromixers. Science 2004, 305, 485–486.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ferain, I.; Colinge, C.A.; Colinge, J.-P. Multigate Transistors as the Future of Classical Metal-Oxide-Semiconductor Field-Effect Transistors. Nature 2011, 479, 310–316.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ishiwata, S.; Taguchi, Y.; Murakawa, H.; Onose, Y.; Tokura, Y. Low-Magnetic-Field Control of Electric Polarization Vector in a Helimagnet. Science 2008, 319, 1643–1646.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chernick, M.R. The Essentials of Biostatistics for Physicians, Nurses, and Clinicians; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2011; ISBN 9781118071953.
An edited book
Protein-Lipid Interactions: New Approaches and Emerging Concepts; Mateo, C.R., Gómez, J., Villalaín, J., González-Ros, J.M., Eds.; Springer Series in Biophysics; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2006; Vol. 9; ISBN 9783540284000.
A chapter in an edited book
Brooks, N. Human Responses to Climatically-Driven Landscape Change and Resource Scarcity: Learning from the Past and Planning for the Future. In Landscapes and Societies: Selected Cases; Martini, I.P., Chesworth, W., Eds.; Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht, 2011; pp. 43–66 ISBN 9789048194124.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Intelligence.

Blog post
Davis, J. Compound In Red Wine Might Help Alzheimer’s Patients Available online: (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Information Technology: OMB’s Dashboard Has Increased Transparency and Oversight, but Improvements Needed; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2010;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Felarca, C.U. A Burning Problem: Skin Protection Practices among College Nursing Students and Non-Nursing College Students. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S. MOSCOW: FABERGÉ DISPLAY. New York Times 2004, E2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Intelligence
AbbreviationJ. Intell.
ISSN (online)2079-3200

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