How to format your references using the Indian Journal of Medical Informatics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Indian Journal of Medical Informatics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Hochstrasser M. Molecular biology. New proteases in a ubiquitin stew. Science. 2002 Oct 18;298(5593):549–52.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Franchi L, Núñez G. Immunology. Orchestrating inflammasomes. Science. 2012 Sep 14;337(6100):1299–300.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Prieto MA, Brunetti G, Mack K-H. Particle accelerators in the hot spots of radio galaxy 3C 445, imaged with the VLT. Science. 2002 Oct 4;298(5591):193–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Ives A, Ronet C, Prevel F, Ruzzante G, Fuertes-Marraco S, Schutz F, et al. Leishmania RNA virus controls the severity of mucocutaneous leishmaniasis. Science. 2011 Feb 11;331(6018):775–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Sundar V. Ocean Wave Mechanics. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2015.
An edited book
1.
Tseng VS, Ho TB, Zhou Z-H, Chen ALP, Kao H-Y, editors. Advances in Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining: 18th Pacific-Asia Conference, PAKDD 2014, Tainan, Taiwan, May 13-16, 2014. Proceedings, Part II. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014. XXX, 624 p. 170 illus. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science; vol. 8444).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Xu J, Tsukamoto H. Animal Models of Alcoholic Liver Disease. In: Chalasani N, Szabo G, editors. Alcoholic and Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease: Bench to Bedside. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 103–19.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Indian Journal of Medical Informatics.

Blog post
1.
Luntz S. Researchers Make Self-Moving Alcohol Droplets. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. DOE Loan Programs: DOE Has Made More Than $30 Billion in Loans and Guarantees and Needs to Fully Develop Its Loan Monitoring Function. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2014 May. Report No.: GAO-14-645T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Kidder EO. Self-administered HPV Testing as a Cervical Cancer Screening Option: Exploring the Perspectives of Hispanic and Arab Women in the United States [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Wagner J. Indians Open Wallet After Coming Up Short. New York Times. 2016 Dec 24;D5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,1].
This sentence cites four references [1,1,1,1].

About the journal

Full journal titleIndian Journal of Medical Informatics
ISSN (print)0973-9254
ISSN (online)0973-0397
Scope

Other styles