How to format your references using the Indian Journal of Medical Informatics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Indian Journal of Medical Informatics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Moore P. Antibodies where you want them. Nature. 2003 Dec 11;426(6967):729.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Lorenz UJ, Zewail AH. Nanofluidics. Observing liquid flow in nanotubes by 4D electron microscopy. Science. 2014 Jun 27;344(6191):1496–500.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Marsh AG, Maxson RE Jr, Manahan DT. High macromolecular synthesis with low metabolic cost in Antarctic sea urchin embryos. Science. 2001 Mar 9;291(5510):1950–2.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Vergani P, Lockless SW, Nairn AC, Gadsby DC. CFTR channel opening by ATP-driven tight dimerization of its nucleotide-binding domains. Nature. 2005 Feb 24;433(7028):876–80.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Smith P. Structural Design of Buildings. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2016.
An edited book
1.
Schröder P, Collins CD, editors. Organic Xenobiotics and Plants: From Mode of Action to Ecophysiology. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2011. VIII, 311 p. (Plant Ecophysiology; vol. 8).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Favre D. An International Treaty for Animal Welfare. In: Cao D, White S, editors. Animal Law and Welfare - International Perspectives. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 87–106. (Ius Gentium: Comparative Perspectives on Law and Justice).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Indian Journal of Medical Informatics.

Blog post
1.
Carpineti A. Largest Planet To Orbit Two Stars Discovered [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/largest-planet-to-orbit-two-stars-discovered/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Social Security Numbers: Federal Actions Could Further Decrease Availability in Public Records, though Other Vulnerabilities Remain. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2007 Jun. Report No.: GAO-07-752.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Dashevsky-Kerdman I. The meeting of one hundred ways [Doctoral dissertation]. [Carpinteria, CA]: Pacifica Graduate Institute; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Wagner J. Syndergaard Stumbles en Route to a Potential Wild-Card Start. New York Times. 2016 Sep 20;B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIndian Journal of Medical Informatics
ISSN (print)0973-9254
ISSN (online)0973-0397
Scope

Other styles