How to format your references using the Self and Identity citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Self and Identity. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
White, T. D. (2012). Retrospective. Phillip V. Tobias (1925-2012). Science (New York, N.Y.), 337(6093), 423.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ding, H.-M., & Ma, Y.-Q. (2013). Controlling cellular uptake of nanoparticles with pH-sensitive polymers. Scientific Reports, 3, 2804.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cohn, A., Fehr, E., & Maréchal, M. A. (2014). Business culture and dishonesty in the banking industry. Nature, 516(7529), 86–89.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Xiao, S., Ellwood, S., Calis, O., Patrick, E., Li, T., Coleman, M., & Turner, J. G. (2001). Broad-spectrum mildew resistance in Arabidopsis thaliana mediated by RPW8. Science (New York, N.Y.), 291(5501), 118–120.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bullard, B. (2016). Style and Statistics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Xiong, C., Liu, H., Huang, Y., & Xiong, Y. (Eds.). (2008). Intelligent Robotics and Applications: First International Conference, ICIRA 2008 Wuhan, China, October 15-17, 2008 Proceedings, Part II (Vol. 5315). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Hansen, H. P., & Tjørnhøj-Thomsen, T. (2013). Who, How, and What? Quality of Life and Psychosocial Cancer Research. In N. Warren & L. Manderson (Eds.), Reframing Disability and Quality of Life: A Global Perspective (pp. 79–93). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Self and Identity.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2016, September 14). Creating Babies Without Eggs May One Day Be Possible Thanks To Groundbreaking New Research. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1991). Department of Education: Monitoring of State Formula Grants by Office of Special Education Programs (HRD-91-91FS). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Williams, C. (2017). Tattooing and the Generalized Other [Doctoral dissertation]. Southern Illinois University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M. (2014, February 22). Canada Dominant in Curling. New York Times, D6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (White, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Ding & Ma, 2013; White, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ding & Ma, 2013)
  • Three authors: (Cohn et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Xiao et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleSelf and Identity
AbbreviationSelf Identity
ISSN (print)1529-8868
ISSN (online)1529-8876
ScopeGeneral Psychology

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