How to format your references using the Frontiers in Systems Physiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Systems Physiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Supari, S. F. (2007). Q&A: Siti Fadilah Supari. Interviewed by Declan Butler. Nature 450, 1137.
A journal article with 2 authors
Yan, Z. B., and Liu, J.-M. (2013). Coexistence of high performance resistance and capacitance memory based on multilayered metal-oxide structures. Sci. Rep. 3, 2482.
A journal article with 3 authors
Damasceno, P. F., Engel, M., and Glotzer, S. C. (2012). Predictive self-assembly of polyhedra into complex structures. Science 337, 453–457.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Forterre, Y., Skotheim, J. M., Dumais, J., and Mahadevan, L. (2005). How the Venus flytrap snaps. Nature 433, 421–425.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dickenson, J., Freeman, F., Mills, C. L., Sivasubramaniam, S., and Thode, C. (2012). Molecular Pharmacology. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Berkling, K., Joseph, M., Meyer, B., and Nordio, M. eds. (2009). Software Engineering Approaches for Offshore and Outsourced Development: Second International Conference, SEAFOOD 2008, Zurich, Switzerland, July 2-3, 2008. Revised Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Kaburaki, T. (2015). “Ocular Involvement,” in Behçet’s Disease: From Genetics to Therapies, ed. Y. Ishigatsubo (Tokyo: Springer Japan), 55–78.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Systems Physiology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). Sea Level Rise Predicted To Be Larger Than Originally Thought. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2005). Aviation Fees: Review of Air Carriers’ Year 2000 Passenger and Property Screening Costs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Casale, N. (2015). Generational preferences in marketing medium selections of animal adoptions in nonprofit organizations: A correlational study.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. (2006). Justices Uphold Basic Right To Choose Defense Lawyers. New York Times, A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Supari, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Supari, 2007; Yan and Liu, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Yan and Liu, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Forterre et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Systems Physiology
AbbreviationFront. Physiol.
ISSN (online)1664-042X
Physiology (medical)

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