How to format your references using the Frontiers in Systems Physiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Systems Physiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sibley, C. H. (2015). Infectious diseases. Understanding artemisinin resistance. Science 347, 373–374.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rakoff-Nahoum, S., and Medzhitov, R. (2007). Regulation of spontaneous intestinal tumorigenesis through the adaptor protein MyD88. Science 317, 124–127.
A journal article with 3 authors
Brohawn, S. G., del Mármol, J., and MacKinnon, R. (2012). Crystal structure of the human K2P TRAAK, a lipid- and mechano-sensitive K+ ion channel. Science 335, 436–441.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Tian, F., Song, B., Chen, X., Ravichandran, N. K., Lv, Y., Chen, K., et al. (2018). Unusual high thermal conductivity in boron arsenide bulk crystals. Science 361, 582–585.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
van Deventer, D. R., Imai, K., and Mesler, M. (2013). Advanced Financial Risk Management, Second Edition. Solaris South Tower, Singapore: John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd.
An edited book
Rezaei, N., Aghamohammadi, A., and Notarangelo, L. D. eds. (2008). Primary Immunodeficiency Diseases: Definition, Diagnosis, and Management. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Franco, A., Correia, M., and Cruz, J. (2015). “Reasoning with Uncertainty in Biomedical Models,” in Progress in Artificial Intelligence: 17th Portuguese Conference on Artificial Intelligence, EPIA 2015, Coimbra, Portugal, September 8-11, 2015. Proceedings Lecture Notes in Computer Science., eds. F. Pereira, P. Machado, E. Costa, and A. Cardoso (Cham: Springer International Publishing), 41–53.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Systems Physiology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). Scientists Use Physics To Read Scrolls From Herculaneum – But Why Do We Care? IFLScience. Available at: https://www.iflscience.com/physics/scientists-use-physics-read-scrolls-herculaneum-why-do-we-care/ [Accessed October 30, 2018].

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2014). Space Acquisitions: Assessment of Overhead Persistent Infrared Technology Report. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fouts, J. (2014). A mental health outreach program for adolescent gang members and at-risk youth: A grant writing project.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Stewart, J. B. (2017). Feel Optimistic About the Booming Market? Then Read at Your Own Risk. New York Times, B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sibley, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Rakoff-Nahoum and Medzhitov, 2007; Sibley, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rakoff-Nahoum and Medzhitov, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Tian et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Systems Physiology
AbbreviationFront. Physiol.
ISSN (online)1664-042X
ScopePhysiology
Physiology (medical)

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