How to format your references using the Frontiers in Systems Physiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Systems Physiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Service, R. F. (2003). Condensed matter physics. Inverse Doppler demonstration ends a 60-year quest. Science 302, 1489.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kondo, T., and Hayashi, S. (2013). Mitotic cell rounding accelerates epithelial invagination. Nature 494, 125–129.
A journal article with 3 authors
Krug, A. Z., Jablonski, D., and Valentine, J. W. (2009). Signature of the end-Cretaceous mass extinction in the modern biota. Science 323, 767–771.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Kuznicki, S. M., Bell, V. A., Nair, S., Hillhouse, H. W., Jacubinas, R. M., Braunbarth, C. M., et al. (2001). A titanosilicate molecular sieve with adjustable pores for size-selective adsorption of molecules. Nature 412, 720–724.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schoon, N. (2016). Modern Islamic Banking. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Maleque, M. A. (2013). Materials Selection and Design. , ed. M. S. Salit Singapore: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Tsirikos, A. I. (2011). “Congenital Deformities of the Spine,” in Non-Idiopathic Spine Deformities in Young Children, ed. M. Yazici (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 45–72.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Systems Physiology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). How Nigeria Beat The Ebola Virus In Three Months. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1998). Managing for Results: Observations on NASA’s Fiscal Year 1999 Performance Plan. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Goldgof, G. M. (2017). Drug Target Discovery Using Designer Drug Sensitive Yeast.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hubbard, B., and Almosawa, S. (2017). Somali Migrants’ Trek Becomes Scene of Horror. New York Times, A7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schilling, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Glaeser, 2011; Julienne, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kondo and Hayashi, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Yu et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Systems Physiology
AbbreviationFront. Physiol.
ISSN (online)1664-042X
Physiology (medical)

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