How to format your references using the Seed Science Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Seed Science Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Blaaderen, A. van (2003) Chemistry. Colloidal molecules and beyond. Science (New York, N.Y.) 301, 470–471.
A journal article with 2 authors
Martin, T. and Luo, Z.-X. (2005) PALEONTOLOGY: Homoplasy in the Mammalian Ear. Science (New York, N.Y.) 307, 861–862.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chen, I., Christie, P. J. and Dubnau, D. (2005) The ins and outs of DNA transfer in bacteria. Science (New York, N.Y.) 310, 1456–1460.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Goodnow, C. C., Sprent, J., Fazekas de St Groth, B. and Vinuesa, C. G. (2005) Cellular and genetic mechanisms of self tolerance and autoimmunity. Nature 435, 590–597.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Szeman, I. and O’Brien, S. (2017) Popular Culture. Hoboken, NJ, John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Salomon, D. (2010) Handbook of Data Compression. Motta, G. (Ed.) London, Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Ben, T. and Qiu, S. (2014) Carbon Dioxide Capture in Porous Aromatic Frameworks, pp. 115–142 in Lu, A.-H. and Dai, S. (Eds.) Porous Materials for Carbon Dioxide Capture. Berlin, Heidelberg, Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Seed Science Research.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014) IFLScience. (accessed 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1989) Telecommunications: National Survey of Cable Television Rates and Services. RCED-89-193. Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bunkley, R. L. (2010) A mentoring program for adolescents in a placement facility: A grant proposal project.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
KELLY STEWART; Kelly Stewart is a primatologist at Cambridge University. She has studied the behavior, ecology and Conservation of Mountain (1988) CHRONICLES OF THE PUMPHOUSE GANG.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Blaaderen, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Blaaderen, 2003; Martin and Luo, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Martin and Luo, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Goodnow et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleSeed Science Research
AbbreviationSeed Sci. Res.
ISSN (print)0960-2585
ISSN (online)1475-2735
ScopePlant Science

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