How to format your references using the Seed Science Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Seed Science Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Astin, C. (2009) Helping young scientists to speak for themselves. Nature 460, 683.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schubert, E. F. and Kim, J. K. (2005) Solid-state light sources getting smart. Science (New York, N.Y.) 308, 1274–1278.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nalley, K., Johnston, S. A. and Kodadek, T. (2006) Proteolytic turnover of the Gal4 transcription factor is not required for function in vivo. Nature 442, 1054–1057.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Gregson, S., Garnett, G. P., Nyamukapa, C. A., Hallett, T. B., Lewis, J. J. C., Mason, P. R., Chandiwana, S. K. and Anderson, R. M. (2006) HIV decline associated with behavior change in eastern Zimbabwe. Science (New York, N.Y.) 311, 664–666.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Good, P. I. and Hardin, J. W. (2012) Common Errors in Statistics (And How to Avoid Them). Hoboken, NJ, John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Bouguettaya, A., Hauswirth, M. and Liu, L. eds. (2011) Web Information System Engineering – WISE 2011: 12th International Conference, Sydney, Australia, October 13-14, 2011. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg, Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Miller, N. R. (2012) Election Inversions by the U.S. Electoral College, pp. 93–127 in Felsenthal, D. S. and Machover, M. (Eds.) Electoral Systems: Paradoxes, Assumptions, and Procedures. Berlin, Heidelberg, Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Seed Science Research.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2015) IFLScience. (accessed 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1997) District of Columbia Government: Overtime Costs Exceed Those of Neighboring Governments. GGD-97-159BR. Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Guilford, T. D. (2010) Advocacy for former prisoners to eliminate invisible bars: A grant proposal.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rashbaum, W. K. and Mueller, B. (2015) Escaped Killer Is Fatally Shot in New York.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Astin, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Schubert and Kim, 2005; Astin, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Schubert and Kim, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Gregson et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleSeed Science Research
AbbreviationSeed Sci. Res.
ISSN (print)0960-2585
ISSN (online)1475-2735
ScopePlant Science

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