How to format your references using the Seed Science Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Seed Science Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P. (2002) Battling the brain drain. Nature 415, 3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ohmura, A. and Wild, M. (2002) Climate change. Is the hydrological cycle accelerating? Science (New York, N.Y.) 298, 1345–1346.
A journal article with 3 authors
Auerbach, B. D., Osterweil, E. K. and Bear, M. F. (2011) Mutations causing syndromic autism define an axis of synaptic pathophysiology. Nature 480, 63–68.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wang, X. Q., Ullah, H., Jones, A. M. and Assmann, S. M. (2001) G protein regulation of ion channels and abscisic acid signaling in Arabidopsis guard cells. Science (New York, N.Y.) 292, 2070–2072.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Silvapulle, M. J. and Sen, P. K. (2001) Constrained Statistical Inference: Inequality, Order, and Shape Restrictions. Hoboken, NJ, John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Agosti, M., Borbinha, J., Kapidakis, S., Papatheodorou, C. and Tsakonas, G. eds. (2009) Research and Advanced Technology for Digital Libraries: 13th European Conference, ECDL 2009, Corfu, Greece, September 27 - October 2, 2009. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg, Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Lesiv, M., Bun, A. and Jonas, M. (2015) Analysis of change in relative uncertainty in GHG emissions from stationary sources for the EU 15, pp. 55–68 in Ometto, J. P., Bun, R., Jonas, M., and Nahorski, Z. (Eds.) Uncertainties in Greenhouse Gas Inventories: Expanding Our Perspective. Cham, Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Seed Science Research.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1998) Department of Labor, Occupational Safety and Health Administration: Powered Industrial Truck Operator Training. OGC-99-21. Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mills Campbell, D. (2017) Exploratory Inquiry: Fundraising at Historically Black Colleges and Universities to Reduce Resource Dependence.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Tierney, J. (2017) Easy Ways to Mend Your Marriage.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Smaglik, 2002; Ohmura and Wild, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ohmura and Wild, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Wang et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleSeed Science Research
AbbreviationSeed Sci. Res.
ISSN (print)0960-2585
ISSN (online)1475-2735
ScopePlant Science

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