How to format your references using the Seed Science Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Seed Science Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brumfiel, G. (2003) Gravity experiment sparks spat between physicists. Nature 421, 198.
A journal article with 2 authors
Johnson, D. L. and Johnson, S. A. S. (2008) Cell biology. RNA metabolism and oncogenesis. Science (New York, N.Y.) 320, 461–462.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yamamoto, T., Inui, T. and Tsuji, T. (2013) The odor of Osmanthus fragrans attenuates food intake. Scientific reports 3, 1518.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Li, B., Chen, D., Wang, J., Yan, Z., Jiang, L., Deliang Duan, He, J., Luo, Z., Zhang, J. and Yuan, F. (2014) MOFzyme: Intrinsic protease-like activity of Cu-MOF. Scientific reports 4, 6759.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stolarski, T. A. and Tobe, S. (2000) Rolling Contacts. Chichester, UK, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Dingel, J. and Solberg, A. eds. (2011) Models in Software Engineering: Workshops and Symposia at MODELS 2010, Oslo, Norway, October 2-8, 2010, Reports and Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg, Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Ruß, G., Kruse, R., Schneider, M. and Wagner, P. (2009) Visualization of Agriculture Data Using Self-Organizing Maps, pp. 47–60 in Allen, T., Ellis, R., and Petridis, M. (Eds.) Applications and Innovations in Intelligent Systems XVI: Proceedings of AI-2008, the Twenty-eighth SGAI International Conference on Innovative Techniques and Applications of Artificial Intelligence. London, Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Seed Science Research.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2015) IFLScience. (accessed 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2005) Student Aid And Postsecondary Tax Preferences: Limited Research Exists on Effectiveness of Tools to Assist Students and Families through Title IV Student Aid and Tax Preferences. GAO-05-684. Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Roberts, E. M. (2006) Whose Books Get Published?: Individual Agency and the Business of Children’s Publishing.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. (2017) Baseball; Mets Face Pitching Decisions.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Brumfiel, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Brumfiel, 2003; Johnson and Johnson, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Johnson and Johnson, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Li et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleSeed Science Research
AbbreviationSeed Sci. Res.
ISSN (print)0960-2585
ISSN (online)1475-2735
ScopePlant Science

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