How to format your references using the Cement and Concrete Composites citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cement and Concrete Composites. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
W.W. Covington, Helping western forests heal, Nature. 408 (2000) 135–136.
A journal article with 2 authors
B. Fisher, R. Costanza, Environmental policy: regional commitment to reducing emissions, Nature. 438 (2005) 301–302.
A journal article with 3 authors
M.A. Zwieniecki, P.J. Melcher, N.M. Michele Holbrook, Hydrogel control of xylem hydraulic resistance in plants, Science. 291 (2001) 1059–1062.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
T. Song, X. Cai, M.W.-Y. Tu, X. Zhang, B. Huang, N.P. Wilson, K.L. Seyler, L. Zhu, T. Taniguchi, K. Watanabe, M.A. McGuire, D.H. Cobden, D. Xiao, W. Yao, X. Xu, Giant tunneling magnetoresistance in spin-filter van der Waals heterostructures, Science. 360 (2018) 1214–1218.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
M. Benslama, W. Kiamouche, H. Batatia, Connections Management Strategies in Satellite Cellular Networks, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2015.
An edited book
V.I. Chirkov, R.M. Ryan, K.M. Sheldon, eds., Human Autonomy in Cross-Cultural Context: Perspectives on the Psychology of Agency, Freedom, and Well-Being, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
F.G. del Puerto, M.M. Adrián, The Incidence of Previous Foreign Language Contact in a Lexical Availability Task: A Study of Senior Learners, in: R.M. Jiménez Catalán (Ed.), Lexical Availability in English and Spanish as a Second Language, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2014: pp. 53–68.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cement and Concrete Composites.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Scientist Spotlight: In Memoriam 2013, IFLScience. (2013). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Air Traffic Control: Status of FAA’s Modernization Program, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
T. Dodge, The effects of interactivity and visual realism on children’s cognitive empathy toward narrative characters, Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B. Sisario, Kendrick Lamar Returns to No. 1, New York Times. (2017) C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCement and Concrete Composites
AbbreviationCem. Concr. Compos.
ISSN (print)0958-9465
ScopeBuilding and Construction
General Materials Science

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