How to format your references using the Cement and Concrete Composites citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cement and Concrete Composites. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J. Knight, Senators call for biodefence boost, Nature. 413 (2001) 441.
A journal article with 2 authors
R.J. Webby, R.G. Webster, Are we ready for pandemic influenza?, Science. 302 (2003) 1519–1522.
A journal article with 3 authors
J. Chen, B.E. Carlson, A.D. Del Genio, Evidence for strengthening of the tropical general circulation in the 1990s, Science. 295 (2002) 838–841.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J. Jia, C. Tong, B. Wang, L. Luo, J. Jiang, Hedgehog signalling activity of Smoothened requires phosphorylation by protein kinase A and casein kinase I, Nature. 432 (2004) 1045–1050.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
W. Stanley, B. Pamela, The Complete Guide to Fundraising Management, John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, New Jersey, 2017.
An edited book
V. Capasso, An Introduction to Continuous-Time Stochastic Processes: Theory, Models, and Applications to Finance, Biology, and Medicine, 3rd ed. 2015, Springer, New York, NY, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
M.O. Deville, T.B. Gatski, Constitutive Equations: General Principles, in: T.B. Gatski (Ed.), Mathematical Modeling for Complex Fluids and Flows, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2012: pp. 69–94.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cement and Concrete Composites.

Blog post
S. Luntz, These Skyscrapers Will Clean Pollution From The Surrounding Water And Air, IFLScience. (2014).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Adult Basic Education Program: Progress in Reducing Illiteracy and Improvements Needed, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1975.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J.M. Tuinenga, John Corigliano’s Sonata for violin and piano: An analysis of context, structure, and style, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B. Shpigel, Steelers Prevail With Six Field Goals and One Relentless Running Back, New York Times. (2017) D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCement and Concrete Composites
AbbreviationCem. Concr. Compos.
ISSN (print)0958-9465
ScopeBuilding and Construction
General Materials Science

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