How to format your references using the Cement and Concrete Composites citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cement and Concrete Composites. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
P. Smaglik, Beyond rocket science, Nature. 453 (2008) 818–820.
A journal article with 2 authors
J.-H. Min, N.P. Pavletich, Recognition of DNA damage by the Rad4 nucleotide excision repair protein, Nature. 449 (2007) 570–575.
A journal article with 3 authors
A.P. Kusumbe, S.K. Ramasamy, R.H. Adams, Coupling of angiogenesis and osteogenesis by a specific vessel subtype in bone, Nature. 507 (2014) 323–328.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
I. Madan, T. Kurosawa, Y. Toda, M. Oda, T. Mertelj, P. Kusar, D. Mihailovic, Separating pairing from quantum phase coherence dynamics above the superconducting transition by femtosecond spectroscopy, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 5656.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Y.S. Lee, Self-Assembly and Nanotechnology Systems, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2011.
An edited book
M. Koutny, S. Haddad, A. Yakovlev, eds., Transactions on Petri Nets and Other Models of Concurrency IX, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
B. Povh, K. Rith, C. Scholz, F. Zetsche, W. Rodejohann, Scattering, in: K. Rith, C. Scholz, F. Zetsche, W. Rodejohann (Eds.), Particles and Nuclei: An Introduction to the Physical Concepts, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2015: pp. 41–53.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cement and Concrete Composites.

Blog post
D. Andrew, 29 Of The Most Surreal Landscapes On The Planet, IFLScience. (2017). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Aviation Safety: FAA Oversight of Repair Stations Needs Improvement, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1997.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
D.M. Gatti, Genome-wide analysis of transcriptional regulation in the murine liver, Doctoral dissertation, University of North Carolina, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Wagner, With New Injury, the Mets’ Training Program Is Again Questioned, New York Times. (2017) B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCement and Concrete Composites
AbbreviationCem. Concr. Compos.
ISSN (print)0958-9465
ScopeBuilding and Construction
General Materials Science

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