How to format your references using the European Neurology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Neurology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Petroff Y. Physics. The electronic structure of liquid lead. Science. 2004 Dec;306(5705):2200–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Chitwood DH, Timmermans MCP. Small RNAs are on the move. Nature. 2010 Sep;467(7314):415–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Ahrestani FS, Hebblewhite M, Post E. The importance of observation versus process error in analyses of global ungulate populations. Sci Rep. 2013 Nov;3:3125.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1
McLean CY, Reno PL, Pollen AA, Bassan AI, Capellini TD, Guenther C, et al. Human-specific loss of regulatory DNA and the evolution of human-specific traits. Nature. 2011 Mar;471(7337):216–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Stein RL. Kinetics of Enzyme Action. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
1
Malone T. Adapting War Horse: Cognition, the Spectator, and a Sense of Play. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Lakshmikantham V, Leela S, Martynyuk AA. Stability of Perturbed Motion. In: Leela S, Martynyuk AA, editors. Stability Analysis of Nonlinear Systems. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015; pp 201–52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Neurology.

Blog post
1
Fang J. Parasitic wasps must lay their eggs in the right fly, or else [Internet]. IFLScience. 2014 Mar

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. Highway Trust Fund: Condition and Outlook for the Highway Account. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1989.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
McGrath PM. Mental Health Parity and Addiction Equity Act of 2008: A policy analysis. 2013

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Kolomatsky M. Everyone’s Got a Different Dream. New York Times. 2017 Oct;RE2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Neurology
AbbreviationEur. Neurol.
ISSN (print)0014-3022
ISSN (online)1421-9913
ScopeClinical Neurology
Neurology

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