How to format your references using the European Neurology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Neurology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wickware P: Exploring the territory in tissue engineering. Nature 2000;403:464–465.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lord KM, Turekian VC: Science and society. Time for a new era of science diplomacy. Science 2007;315:769–770.
A journal article with 3 authors
Grottoli AG, Rodrigues LJ, Palardy JE: Heterotrophic plasticity and resilience in bleached corals. Nature 2006;440:1186–1189.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Vöhringer-Martinez E, Hansmann B, Hernandez-Soto H, Hernandez H, Francisco JS, Troe J, et al.: Water catalysis of a radical-molecule gas-phase reaction. Science 2007;315:497–501.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Harte L: Reading the Contemporary Irish Novel 1987-2007. Oxford, UK, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2013.
An edited book
Ciocan C: Levinas Concordance. Dordrecht, Springer Netherlands, 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
Rivero AEC: Multiplicative Structure of the Resolvent Matrix for the Truncated Hausdorff Matrix Moment Problem; in Alpay D, Kirstein B (eds): Interpolation, Schur Functions and Moment Problems II. Basel, Springer, 2012, pp 193–210.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Neurology.

Blog post
Luntz S: How Worms Changed The Course Of Life On Earth. IFLScience 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30];Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Submarine Technology: Transition Plans Needed to Realize Gains From DOD Advanced Research. Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office, 1990.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cook EJ: Older Americans Act of 1965, Title III: A policy analysis 2013;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cowen T: It’s Not the Inequality; It’s the Immobility. New York Times 2015;BU6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Neurology
AbbreviationEur. Neurol.
ISSN (print)0014-3022
ISSN (online)1421-9913
ScopeClinical Neurology

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