How to format your references using the European Neurology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Neurology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Sachdev H. MATERIALS SCIENCE. Disclosing boron’s thinnest side. Science. 2015 Dec;350(6267):1468–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Haug GH, Peterson LC. Obituary: Nicholas Shackleton (1937-2006). Nature. 2006 Feb;439(7079):928.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Park ST, Kim SK, Kim MS. Observation of conformation-specific pathways in the photodissociation of 1-iodopropane ions. Nature. 2002 Jan;415(6869):306–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1
Seelert H, Poetsch A, Dencher NA, Engel A, Stahlberg H, Müller DJ. Structural biology. Proton-powered turbine of a plant motor. Nature. 2000 May;405(6785):418–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Adamowicz Z, Zbierski P. Logic of Mathematics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 1997.
An edited book
1
Casazza PG, Kutyniok G, editors. Finite Frames: Theory and Applications. Boston, MA: Birkhäuser; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Beishuizen NA, Roekaerts D. Reynolds Stress and PDF Modeling of Two-Way Coupling and Vaporisation Interaction in a Turbulent Spray Flame. In: Merci B, Roekaerts D, Sadiki A, editors. Experiments and Numerical Simulations of Diluted Spray Turbulent Combustion: Proceedings of the 1st International Workshop on Turbulent Spray Combustion. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2011; pp 133–65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Neurology.

Blog post
1
Andrew E. Watch The SpaceX Falcon 9 Rocket Launch Live [Internet]. IFLScience. 2014 Sep [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/falcon-9-launches-tomorrow-currently-being-written-ls/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. Year 2000 Computing Challenge: Federal Government Making Progress But Critical Issues Must Still Be Addressed to Minimize Disruptions. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1999.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Allen SD. Putting out fires: How communication professionals understand and practice conflict resolution. 2014

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Cooper M. Michael Tilson Thomas To Step Down in 2020. New York Times. 2017 Oct;C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Neurology
AbbreviationEur. Neurol.
ISSN (print)0014-3022
ISSN (online)1421-9913
ScopeClinical Neurology
Neurology

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