How to format your references using the European Neurology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Neurology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Killian TC. Ultracold neutral plasmas. Science. 2007 May;316(5825):705–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Boyd RW, Gauthier DJ. Controlling the velocity of light pulses. Science. 2009 Nov;326(5956):1074–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Khor B, Gardet A, Xavier RJ. Genetics and pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease. Nature. 2011 Jun;474(7351):307–17.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1
Yuan HQ, Singleton J, Balakirev FF, Baily SA, Chen GF, Luo JL, et al. Nearly isotropic superconductivity in (Ba,K)Fe(2)As(2). Nature. 2009 Jan;457(7229):565–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Taylor B. Effective Environmental, Health, and Safety Management Using the Team Approach. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
1
Kikoin K. Dynamical Symmetries for Nanostructures: Implicit Symmetries in Single-Electron Transport Through Real and Artificial Molecules. Vienna: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Yang J, Liang X, Pope C, Li Z. Physics: Low-Energy Brachytherapy Physics. In: Montemaggi P, Trombetta M, Brady LW, editors. Brachytherapy: An International Perspective. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016; pp 29–39.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Neurology.

Blog post
1
Hale T. 7,000 Bodies From 19th-Century Asylum May Be Buried Under Mississippi University Campus [Internet]. IFLScience. 2017 May

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. Evolved Expendable Launch Vehicle: DOD Is Addressing Knowledge Gaps in Its New Acquisition Strategy [Reissued on August 13, 2012]. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2012.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Yu W. Impacts of storms and sea-level rise on coastal evolution between two capes: Onslow Bay, North Carolina. 2012

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Shear MD, Haberman M. Friend Suggests Trump May Fire Special Counsel. New York Times. 2017 Jun;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Neurology
AbbreviationEur. Neurol.
ISSN (print)0014-3022
ISSN (online)1421-9913
ScopeClinical Neurology
Neurology

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