How to format your references using the Scientia Horticulturae citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Scientia Horticulturae. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Vespignani, A., 2009. Predicting the behavior of techno-social systems. Science 325, 425–428.
A journal article with 2 authors
Novas, F.E., Pol, D., 2005. New evidence on deinonychosaurian dinosaurs from the Late Cretaceous of Patagonia. Nature 433, 858–861.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bertet, C., Sulak, L., Lecuit, T., 2004. Myosin-dependent junction remodelling controls planar cell intercalation and axis elongation. Nature 429, 667–671.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Sajic, T., Hainard, A., Scherl, A., Wohlwend, A., Negro, F., Sanchez, J.-C., Szanto, I., 2013. STAT6 promotes bi-directional modulation of PKM2 in liver and adipose inflammatory cells in rosiglitazone-treated mice. Sci. Rep. 3, 2350.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Holt, J., 2013. The Ultimate Daily Show and Philosophy. John Wiley & Sons, Oxford.
An edited book
Humphreys, H., 2013. Infections in the Adult Intensive Care Unit. Springer, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Peek, M.K., Perez, N., Stimpson, J.P., 2012. Culture and Couples: Does Partner Disability Differentially Infl uence Mental Health Across Mexico and the US?, in: Angel, J.L., Torres-Gil, F., Markides, K. (Eds.), Aging, Health, and Longevity in the Mexican-Origin Population. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp. 51–65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Scientia Horticulturae.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2017. Hubble Has Photographed A Giant Among Giants [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2005. Financial Audit: The Federal Communications Commission’s Fiscal Year 2004 Management Representation Letter on Its Financial Statements (No. GAO-05-608R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Magnus, J.V., 2017. Female Police Officers: The Influence of a Masculine Culture (Doctoral dissertation). Northcentral University, Scottsdale, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, M., 1992. THE TRANSITION: The New Team; Clinton Forming Tight Ethics Guides for Transition and Staff Aides. New York Times A22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Vespignani, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Novas and Pol, 2005; Vespignani, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Novas and Pol, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Sajic et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleScientia Horticulturae
AbbreviationSci. Hortic. (Amsterdam)
ISSN (print)0304-4238

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