How to format your references using the Scientia Horticulturae citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Scientia Horticulturae. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gumbsch, P., 2003. Materials science. Modeling strain hardening the hard way. Science 301, 1857–1858.
A journal article with 2 authors
Scharfman, H.E., Hen, R., 2007. Neuroscience. Is more neurogenesis always better? Science 315, 336–338.
A journal article with 3 authors
Frebel, A., Kirby, E.N., Simon, J.D., 2010. Linking dwarf galaxies to halo building blocks with the most metal-poor star in Sculptor. Nature 464, 72–75.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lee, H.-R., Lee, K., Cho, J., Choi, Y.-H., You, C.-Y., Jung, M.-H., Bonell, F., Shiota, Y., Miwa, S., Suzuki, Y., 2014. Spin-orbit torque in a bulk perpendicular magnetic anisotropy Pd/FePd/MgO system. Sci. Rep. 4, 6548.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ibrahim, D., 2006. Microcontroller Based Applied Digital Control. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Mrak, M., Grgic, M., Kunt, M. (Eds.), 2010. High-Quality Visual Experience: Creation, Processing and Interactivity of High-Resolution and High-Dimensional Video Signals, Signals and Communication Technology. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Dantes, M.A.M., Figueirôa, S., Lopes, M.M., 2011. Sciences in Brazil: An Overview from 1870–1920, in: Krause, D., Videira, A. (Eds.), Brazilian Studies in Philosophy and History of Science: An Account of Recent Works, Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 95–105.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Scientia Horticulturae.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2016. Resource Scarcity Led To Ancient Violence [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1993. Telecommunications: Cellular Service Competition (No. T-RCED-93-3). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Saha, P., 2008. Application hardware-software co-design for reconfigurable computing systems (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G., 2010. On the Streets of New York, Cheers for the World. New York Times D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gumbsch, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Gumbsch, 2003; Scharfman and Hen, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Scharfman and Hen, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Lee et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleScientia Horticulturae
AbbreviationSci. Hortic. (Amsterdam)
ISSN (print)0304-4238

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