How to format your references using the Scientia Horticulturae citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Scientia Horticulturae. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Crawley, J.N., 2007. Medicine. Testing hypotheses about autism. Science 318, 56–57.
A journal article with 2 authors
Call, J., Carpenter, M., 2009. Behavior. Monkeys like mimics. Science 325, 824–825.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tischer, T., Hörmanseder, E., Mayer, T.U., 2012. The APC/C inhibitor XErp1/Emi2 is essential for Xenopus early embryonic divisions. Science 338, 520–524.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Baumberger, F., Auwärter, W., Greber, T., Osterwalder, J., 2004. Electron coherence in a melting lead monolayer. Science 306, 2221–2224.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
AIChE Equipment Testing Procedure, 1987. Tray Distillation Columns. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Lehner, C., Renn, J., Schemmel, M. (Eds.), 2012. Einstein and the Changing Worldviews of Physics, Einstein Studies. Birkhäuser, Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
Chun, H.-W., Jung, S.-J., Hwang, M.-N., Jeong, C.-H., Song, S.-K., Lee, S., Choi, S.-P., Jung, H., 2013. Pathway Construction and Extension Using Natural Language Processing, in: Yamamoto, S. (Ed.), Human Interface and the Management of Information. Information and Interaction for Health, Safety, Mobility and Complex Environments: 15th International Conference, HCI International 2013, Las Vegas, NV, USA, July 21-26, 2013, Proceedings, Part II, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 32–38.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Scientia Horticulturae.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. This Alloy Can Withstand 10 Million Transformations [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2004. Mass Transit: FTA Needs to Better Define and Assess Impact of Certain Policies on New Starts Program (No. GAO-04-748). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Biermann, J.L., 2009. The distribution of Callinectes sapidus megalopae at the mouths of Chesapeake and Delaware Bays: Implications for larval ingress (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg, B., 2017. Roland Garros Is Assured of a First-Time Finalist. New York Times B10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Crawley, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Call and Carpenter, 2009; Crawley, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Call and Carpenter, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Baumberger et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleScientia Horticulturae
AbbreviationSci. Hortic. (Amsterdam)
ISSN (print)0304-4238

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