How to format your references using the Scientia Horticulturae citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Scientia Horticulturae. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bekoff, M., 2002. Animal reflections. Nature 419, 255.
A journal article with 2 authors
Shorter, J., Lindquist, S., 2004. Hsp104 catalyzes formation and elimination of self-replicating Sup35 prion conformers. Science 304, 1793–1797.
A journal article with 3 authors
Stassun, K.G., Mathieu, R.D., Valenti, J.A., 2006. Discovery of two young brown dwarfs in an eclipsing binary system. Nature 440, 311–314.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zhang, S., Zhang, J., Baker, A.A., Wang, S., Yu, G., Hesjedal, T., 2014. Three dimensional magnetic abacus memory. Sci. Rep. 4, 6109.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Davey, K.J., 2014. Building Winning Algorithmic Trading Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Dietrich, M., Haase, J. (Eds.), 2012. Process Variations and Probabilistic Integrated Circuit Design. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Erzin, A.I., Plotnikov, R.V., 2011. Wireless Sensor Network’s Lifetime Maximization Problem in Case of Given Set of Covers, in: Murgante, B., Gervasi, O., Iglesias, A., Taniar, D., Apduhan, B.O. (Eds.), Computational Science and Its Applications - ICCSA 2011: International Conference, Santander, Spain, June 20-23, 2011. Proceedings, Part V, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 44–57.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Scientia Horticulturae.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2016. Naked Penguin Gets A New Wetsuit For Winter [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2009. NASA: Constellation Program Cost and Schedule Will Remain Uncertain Until a Sound Business Case Is Established (No. GAO-09-844). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zhuang, S., 2008. Enhancing Implicit Finite Element Sheet Forming Simulation (Doctoral dissertation). Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik, J., 2016. The Ghost in the Machine May Be Your Soul. New York Times C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bekoff, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Bekoff, 2002; Shorter and Lindquist, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Shorter and Lindquist, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhang et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleScientia Horticulturae
AbbreviationSci. Hortic. (Amsterdam)
ISSN (print)0304-4238

Other styles