How to format your references using the Scientia Horticulturae citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Scientia Horticulturae. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sarewitz, D., 2010. World view: Tomorrow never knows. Nature 463, 24.
A journal article with 2 authors
D’Anna, G., Gremaud, G., 2001. The jamming route to the glass state in weakly perturbed granular media. Nature 413, 407–409.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fonseca, P.J., Münch, D., Hennig, R.M., 2000. How cicadas interpret acoustic signals. Nature 405, 297–298.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Chen, J., Zhao, D., Li, C., Xu, F., Lei, W., Sun, L., Nathan, A., Sun, X.W., 2014. All solution-processed stable white quantum dot light-emitting diodes with hybrid ZnO@TiO₂ as blue emitters. Sci. Rep. 4, 4085.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Boutillier, S., Carré, D., Levratto, N., 2016. Entrepreneurial Ecosystems. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Sommaruga, G. (Ed.), 2009. Formal Theories of Information: From Shannon to Semantic Information Theory and General Concepts of Information, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Pöschl, C., Scherzer, O., 2015. Distance Measures and Applications to Multimodal Variational Imaging, in: Scherzer, O. (Ed.), Handbook of Mathematical Methods in Imaging. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 125–155.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Scientia Horticulturae.

Blog post
Andrew, D., 2016. Would Gender Differences Exist If We Treated All People The Same From Birth? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2000. Observations on the National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s Fiscal Year 1999 Performance Report and Fiscal Year 2001 Performance Plan (No. NSIAD-00-192R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ellis, G.S., 2012. Compound-Specific Stable Isotopic Analysis of Protein Amino Acids: Ecological Applications in Modern and Ancient Systems (Doctoral dissertation). University of South Florida, Tampa, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, K., 2002. Making My Own Music. New York Times A21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sarewitz, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (D’Anna and Gremaud, 2001; Sarewitz, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (D’Anna and Gremaud, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Chen et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleScientia Horticulturae
AbbreviationSci. Hortic. (Amsterdam)
ISSN (print)0304-4238

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