How to format your references using the Journal of Applied Entomology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Applied Entomology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Orgel LE, 2004. Molecular biology. Retrospective: Francis Crick (1916-2004). Science 305, 1118.
A journal article with 2 authors
Alexander T, Natarajan P, 2014. Rapid growth of seed black holes in the early universe by supra-exponential accretion. Science 345, 1330–1333.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kühlbrandt W, Zeelen J, Dietrich J, 2002. Structure, mechanism, and regulation of the Neurospora plasma membrane H+-ATPase. Science 297, 1692–1696.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Morth JP, Pedersen BP, Toustrup-Jensen MS, Sørensen TL-M, Petersen J, Andersen JP, Vilsen B, Nissen P, 2007. Crystal structure of the sodium-potassium pump. Nature 450, 1043–1049.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Celant G, Broniatowski M, 2016. Interpolation and Extrapolation Optimal Designs 1. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Hernández-Hernández D, Minjárez-Sosa JA (Eds.), 2012. Optimization, Control, and Applications of Stochastic Systems: In Honor of Onésimo Hernández-Lerma, Systems & Control: Foundations & Applications. Birkhäuser, Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
Wang Y, Pudota JK, Zhu Y, 2014. Characterization of Ultrafine Particles and Other Vehicular Pollutants Near an International Bridge in United States – Mexico Border Region, in: Ramirez, D., Ren, J., Jones, K.D., Lamm, H. (Eds.), Environmental Sustainability Issues in the South Texas–Mexico Border Region. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 43–62.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Applied Entomology.

Blog post
Andrews R, 2017. Major ‘Superbug’ Lineage First Evolved 450 Million Years Ago [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1996. EPA: Final Regulations for Revisions to the Federal Test Procedure for Emissions from Motor Vehicles ( No. OGC-96-42). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Garcia M, 2009. Perception of Latino students by teachers and counselors in the educational system (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt) SK, 2003. World Briefing | Europe: Ukraine: Border Accord With Russia. New York Times A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Orgel 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Orgel 2004; Alexander and Natarajan 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Alexander and Natarajan 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Morth et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Applied Entomology
AbbreviationJ. Appl. Entomol.
ISSN (print)0931-2048
ISSN (online)1439-0418
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Insect Science

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