How to format your references using the Journal of Applied Entomology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Applied Entomology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Craik DJ, 2006. Chemistry. Seamless proteins tie up their loose ends. Science 311, 1563–1564.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zhang J, Zhao Y, 2004. Formation of zirconium metallic glass. Nature 430, 332–335.
A journal article with 3 authors
Stajic J, Coontz R, Osborne I, 2011. Superconductivity. Happy 100th, superconductivity! Introduction. Science 332, 189.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Nakanishi R, Kitaura R, Warner JH, Yamamoto Y, Arai S, Miyata Y, Shinohara H, 2013. Thin single-wall BN-nanotubes formed inside carbon nanotubes. Sci. Rep. 3, 1385.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Penner T, Lopez DC, 2015. De-Introducing the New Testament. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Roberts GCK (Ed.), 2013. Encyclopedia of Biophysics. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Kalamkarov AL, Challagulla KS, 2013. Effective Properties of Composite Materials, Reinforced Structures and Smart Composites: Asymptotic Homogenization Approach, in: Kachanov, M., Sevostianov, I. (Eds.), Effective Properties of Heterogeneous Materials, Solid Mechanics and Its Applications. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 283–363.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Applied Entomology.

Blog post
Andrew E, 2014. The Sun Is Eerily Quiet, And Scientists Aren’t Sure Why [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1984. Federal White-Collar Special Rate Program ( No. GGD-84-54). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Seefried VI, 2010. Timely and accurate decision-making during U.S. public health emergencies: Incremental Dynamic Decision-making (IDD) for public health emergency response (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Otis J, 2016. Young Immigrant Seizes a Culinary Opportunity. New York Times A27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Craik 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Zhang and Zhao 2004; Craik 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zhang and Zhao 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Nakanishi et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Applied Entomology
AbbreviationJ. Appl. Entomol.
ISSN (print)0931-2048
ISSN (online)1439-0418
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Insect Science

Other styles