How to format your references using the Journal of Applied Entomology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Applied Entomology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik P, 2004. The secrets of success. Nature 432, 253.
A journal article with 2 authors
Moore SL, Wilson K, 2002. Parasites as a viability cost of sexual selection in natural populations of mammals. Science 297, 2015–2018.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kuwamura T, Kadota T, Suzuki S, 2014. Testing the low-density hypothesis for reversed sex change in polygynous fish: experiments in Labroides dimidiatus. Sci. Rep. 4, 4369.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Sanyal S, Sandstrom DJ, Hoeffer CA, Ramaswami M, 2002. AP-1 functions upstream of CREB to control synaptic plasticity in Drosophila. Nature 416, 870–874.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Brown C, 2012. Mastering Elliott Wave Principle. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Anderson R, 2013. Pro Arduino. Apress, Berkeley, CA.
A chapter in an edited book
Ghosh S, Elenius D, Li W, Lincoln P, Shankar N, Steiner W, 2016. ARSENAL: Automatic Requirements Specification Extraction from Natural Language, in: Rayadurgam, S., Tkachuk, O. (Eds.), NASA Formal Methods: 8th International Symposium, NFM 2016, Minneapolis, MN, USA, June 7-9, 2016, Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham, 41–46.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Applied Entomology.

Blog post
Andrews R, 2015. Lizard Grows Six Tails At Once, Setting A New World Record [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1995. Travel of Government Officials on Government Aircraft ( No. T-NSIAD-96-85). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shabalin AA, 2010. Detection of low rank signals in noise and fast correlation mining with applications to large biological data (Doctoral dissertation). University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon M, 2012. Richards-Ross Breaks American Drought In the Women’s 400. New York Times D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Moore and Wilson 2002; Smaglik 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Moore and Wilson 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Sanyal et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Applied Entomology
AbbreviationJ. Appl. Entomol.
ISSN (print)0931-2048
ISSN (online)1439-0418
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Insect Science

Other styles