How to format your references using the Journal of Applied Entomology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Applied Entomology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chen IA, 2006. GE Prize-winning essay. The emergence of cells during the origin of life. Science 314, 1558–1559.
A journal article with 2 authors
Moore P, Clayton J, 2003. To affinity and beyond. Nature 426, 725–731.
A journal article with 3 authors
Oh K, Jeong KS, Moore JS, 2001. Folding-driven synthesis of oligomers. Nature 414, 889–893.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Banerji CRS, Miranda-Saavedra D, Severini S, Widschwendter M, Enver T, Zhou JX, Teschendorff AE, 2013. Cellular network entropy as the energy potential in Waddington’s differentiation landscape. Sci. Rep. 3, 3039.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Takezawa K, 2012. Guidebook to R Graphics Using Microsoft® Windows. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Santarcángelo JE, Justo O, Cooney P (Eds.), 2016. Latin America after the Financial Crisis: Economic Ramifications from Heterodox Perspectives, Palgrave Studies in Latin American Heterodox Economics. Palgrave Macmillan US, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Cordes C, Ackermann H, Rosenhahn B, 2013. A Low-Rank Constraint for Parallel Stereo Cameras, in: Weickert, J., Hein, M., Schiele, B. (Eds.), Pattern Recognition: 35th German Conference, GCPR 2013, Saarbrücken, Germany, September 3-6, 2013. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 31–40.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Applied Entomology.

Blog post
Andrew E, 2014. SpaceX Files Protest Against Air Force Over National Security Launch Monopoly [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2012. Electronic Government Act: Agencies Have Implemented Most Provisions, but Key Areas of Attention Remain ( No. GAO-12-782). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kim G, 2013. Development of a nutrition-based curriculum for farm-to-school programs for the fourth and fifth grades (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Novick SM, 2015. North Fork Grows Meat to Go With the Potatoes. New York Times LI9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Chen 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Moore and Clayton 2003; Chen 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Moore and Clayton 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Banerji et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Applied Entomology
AbbreviationJ. Appl. Entomol.
ISSN (print)0931-2048
ISSN (online)1439-0418
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Insect Science

Other styles