How to format your references using the Journal of Applied Entomology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Applied Entomology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Agarwal VK, 2000. ‘Diamond ceiling’ for asian americans. Science 290, 2075a.
A journal article with 2 authors
Machin S, Pekkarinen T, 2008. Assessment. Global sex differences in test score variability. Science 322, 1331–1332.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lieberman E, Hauert C, Nowak MA, 2005. Evolutionary dynamics on graphs. Nature 433, 312–316.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Sun P, Zheng F, Wang K, Zhong M, Wu D, Zhu H, 2014. Electro- and magneto-modulated ion transport through graphene oxide membranes. Sci. Rep. 4, 6798.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lynn PA, 2010. Electricity from Sunlight. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Burger J (Ed.), 2011. Stakeholders and Scientists: Achieving Implementable Solutions to Energy and Environmental Issues. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Grancharova A, Johansen TA, 2012. Explicit MPC of Constrained Nonlinear Systems with Quantized Inputs, in: Johansen, T.A. (Ed.), Explicit Nonlinear Model Predictive Control: Theory and Applications, Lecture Notes in Control and Information Sciences. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 111–125.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Applied Entomology.

Blog post
Andrew E, 2013. What Have We Got To Lose?: A Brief History of Mass Extinction Events [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1980. A Structure for Managing ADP Resources ( No. 113270). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sponsel H, 2010. Was sagte dieser Schiller (damals)? Schillers Antworten auf seine Kritiker nach 1945 (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly C, 2007. Shelter’s Legal Arm Observes Anniversary. New York Times 14WC2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Agarwal 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Agarwal 2000; Machin and Pekkarinen 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Machin and Pekkarinen 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Sun et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Applied Entomology
AbbreviationJ. Appl. Entomol.
ISSN (print)0931-2048
ISSN (online)1439-0418
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Insect Science

Other styles