How to format your references using the IEEE/ACM Transactions on Computational Biology and Bioinformatics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE/ACM Transactions on Computational Biology and Bioinformatics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
D. Baulcombe, “RNA silencing in plants,” Nature, vol. 431, no. 7006, pp. 356–363, Sep. 2004.
A journal article with 2 authors
S. R. Pryke and S. C. Griffith, “Genetic incompatibility drives sex allocation and maternal investment in a polymorphic finch,” Science, vol. 323, no. 5921, pp. 1605–1607, Mar. 2009.
A journal article with 3 authors
S. A. Meek, H. Conrad, and G. Meijer, “Trapping molecules on a chip,” Science, vol. 324, no. 5935, pp. 1699–1702, Jun. 2009.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J. Dekker, K. Rippe, M. Dekker, and N. Kleckner, “Capturing chromosome conformation,” Science, vol. 295, no. 5558, pp. 1306–1311, Feb. 2002.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
N. P. Lieberman, Troubleshooting Vacuum Systems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2012.
An edited book
J. Dart and S. Wagg, Eds., Sport, Protest and Globalisation: Stopping Play. in Global Culture and Sport Series. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
J. Hu, Z. Wang, and H. Gao, “Probability-Guaranteed $$H_\infty $$ H ∞ Finite-Horizon Filtering with Sensor Saturations,” in Nonlinear Stochastic Systems with Network-Induced Phenomena: Recursive Filtering and Sliding-Mode Design, Z. Wang and H. Gao, Eds., Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2015, pp. 101–118.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE/ACM Transactions on Computational Biology and Bioinformatics.

Blog post
J. O`Callaghan, “A Glider Might Search For Life In The Atmosphere Of Venus In 2025,” IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Social Security Administration: Effective Planning and Management Practices Are Key to Overcoming IT Modernization Challenges,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-16-815T, Jul. 2016.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
C. D. Bortle, “The role of mnemonic acronyms in clinical emergency medicine: A grounded theory study,” Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
G. Harris, J. Schwartz, J. Calmes, and J. Martin, “Donald Trump Holds ‘Thank You’ Rally in Cincinnati, and Announces His Pick for Defense Secretary,” New York Times, p. A18, Dec. 01, 2016.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE/ACM Transactions on Computational Biology and Bioinformatics
AbbreviationIEEE/ACM Trans. Comput. Biol. Bioinform.
ISSN (print)1545-5963
Applied Mathematics

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