How to format your references using the IEEE/ACM Transactions on Computational Biology and Bioinformatics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE/ACM Transactions on Computational Biology and Bioinformatics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
M. S. Altman, “Chemistry. CO prefers the aisle seat,” Science, vol. 327, no. 5967, pp. 789–790, Feb. 2010.
A journal article with 2 authors
M. E. Brown and C. C. Funk, “Climate. Food security under climate change,” Science, vol. 319, no. 5863, pp. 580–581, Feb. 2008.
A journal article with 3 authors
B. S. Halpern, K. Cottenie, and B. R. Broitman, “Strong top-down control in southern California kelp forest ecosystems,” Science, vol. 312, no. 5777, pp. 1230–1232, May 2006.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J. W. Trauger, R. M. Kohli, H. D. Mootz, M. A. Marahiel, and C. T. Walsh, “Peptide cyclization catalysed by the thioesterase domain of tyrocidine synthetase,” Nature, vol. 407, no. 6801, pp. 215–218, Sep. 2000.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
B. Yakir, Extremes in Random Fields: A Theory and its Applications. in Wiley Series in Probability and Statistics. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2013.
An edited book
G. Werth, Charged Particle Traps II: Applications, vol. 54. in Springer Series on Atomic, Optical, and Plasma Physics, vol. 54. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
G. A. Płaza, K. Ulfig, and A. J. Tien, “Immunotechniques as a Tool for Detection of Hydrocarbons,” in Monitoring and Assessing Soil Bioremediation, F. Schinner, Ed., in Soil Biology. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2005, pp. 121–130.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE/ACM Transactions on Computational Biology and Bioinformatics.

Blog post
R. Andrews, “Morocco Will Have 24/7 Solar Power By 2017,” IFLScience, Oct. 28, 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Bus Rapid Transit: Projects Improve Transit Service and Can Contribute to Economic Development,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-12-811, Jul. 2012.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
K. M. Koner, “The development and validation of an instrument to measure wind ensemble error detection skills among instrumental music educators,” Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
G. G. Gustines, “Walking Dead Creator Is Ending a Comic,” New York Times, p. C3, Aug. 18, 2016.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE/ACM Transactions on Computational Biology and Bioinformatics
AbbreviationIEEE/ACM Trans. Comput. Biol. Bioinform.
ISSN (print)1545-5963
Applied Mathematics

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