How to format your references using the IEEE/ACM Transactions on Computational Biology and Bioinformatics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE/ACM Transactions on Computational Biology and Bioinformatics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
R. C. Liu, “Sensory systems: The yin and yang of cortical oxytocin,” Nature, vol. 520, no. 7548, pp. 444–445, Apr. 2015.
A journal article with 2 authors
B. D. Walker and D. R. Burton, “Toward an AIDS vaccine,” Science, vol. 320, no. 5877, pp. 760–764, May 2008.
A journal article with 3 authors
Y. C. Cao, R. Jin, and C. A. Mirkin, “Nanoparticles with Raman spectroscopic fingerprints for DNA and RNA detection,” Science, vol. 297, no. 5586, pp. 1536–1540, Aug. 2002.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
R. B. Irmis et al., “A Late Triassic dinosauromorph assemblage from New Mexico and the rise of dinosaurs,” Science, vol. 317, no. 5836, pp. 358–361, Jul. 2007.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
P. J. Huber, Data Analysis. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2011.
An edited book
X. Rival, Ed., Static Analysis: 23rd International Symposium, SAS 2016, Edinburgh, UK, September 8-10, 2016, Proceedings, vol. 9837. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
V. V. Klemas, “Remote Sensing of Submerged Aquatic Vegetation,” in Seafloor Mapping along Continental Shelves: Research and Techniques for Visualizing Benthic Environments, C. W. Finkl and C. Makowski, Eds. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2016, pp. 125–140.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE/ACM Transactions on Computational Biology and Bioinformatics.

Blog post
J. Davis, “Researchers Have Found The Bacteria Responsible For The Great Plague Of London,” IFLScience, 08-Sep-2016. .


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Aviation Security: Airport Perimeter and Access Control Security Would Benefit from Risk Assessment and Strategy Updates,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-16-632, May 2016.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
D. Ritter, “The EU and conflict: Critically assessing the success of the ESDP and its impact in conflict areas,” Doctoral dissertation, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
L. Greenhouse, “Justices, Already Split, Commence Work on a Polarizing New Docket,” New York Times, p. A17, 01-Oct-2007.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE/ACM Transactions on Computational Biology and Bioinformatics
AbbreviationIEEE/ACM Trans. Comput. Biol. Bioinform.
ISSN (print)1545-5963
Applied Mathematics

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