How to format your references using the IEEE/ACM Transactions on Computational Biology and Bioinformatics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE/ACM Transactions on Computational Biology and Bioinformatics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
M. Bobrow, “Balancing privacy with public benefit,” Nature, vol. 500, no. 7461, p. 123, Aug. 2013.
A journal article with 2 authors
P. Fromherz and M. Voelker, “Comment on ‘Detection, stimulation, and inhibition of neuronal signals with high-density nanowire transistor arrays,’” Science, vol. 323, no. 5920, pp. 1429; author reply 1429, Mar. 2009.
A journal article with 3 authors
M. Akselrod, M. H. Herzog, and H. Öğmen, “Tracing path-guided apparent motion in human primary visual cortex V1,” Sci. Rep., vol. 4, p. 6063, Aug. 2014.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Z. Kambris, P. E. Cook, H. K. Phuc, and S. P. Sinkins, “Immune activation by life-shortening Wolbachia and reduced filarial competence in mosquitoes,” Science, vol. 326, no. 5949, pp. 134–136, Oct. 2009.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
C. Drago, Implant Restorations. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2015.
An edited book
A. Balogh, A. Bykov, J. Eastwood, and J. Kaastra, Eds., Multi-scale Structure Formation and Dynamics in Cosmic Plasmas, 1st ed. 2016., vol. 51. New York, NY: Springer, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
S. Ktari and A. Hecker, “A Peer-to-Peer Social Network Overlay for Efficient Information Retrieval and Diffusion,” in Future Information Technology: 6th International Conference, FutureTech 2011, Loutraki, Greece, June 28-30, 2011, Proceedings, Part II, J. J. Park, L. T. Yang, and C. Lee, Eds. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2011, pp. 24–33.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE/ACM Transactions on Computational Biology and Bioinformatics.

Blog post
J. Davis, “Failed Mongol Armada Wreck Discovered off Japanese Coast,” IFLScience, Jul. 07, 2015. .


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Digital Broadcast Television Transition: Estimated Cost of Supporting Set-Top Boxes to Help Advance the DTV Transition,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-05-258T, Feb. 2005.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
A. Osifalujo, “Code-switching in Working African Americans: Internalized Racism, Minority Status, and Organizational Commitment,” Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. Wines, “3 Lawsuits Filed Against White House Panel on Voter Fraud,” New York Times, p. A16, Jul. 10, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE/ACM Transactions on Computational Biology and Bioinformatics
AbbreviationIEEE/ACM Trans. Comput. Biol. Bioinform.
ISSN (print)1545-5963
Applied Mathematics

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