How to format your references using the Science et Sports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Science et Sports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Cazenave A. Atmosphere. How fast are the ice sheets melting? Science 2006;314:1250–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Youk H, Lim WA. Secreting and sensing the same molecule allows cells to achieve versatile social behaviors. Science 2014;343:1242782.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Moreira D, Le Guyader H, Philippe H. The origin of red algae and the evolution of chloroplasts. Nature 2000;405:69–72.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Xu G, Cirilli M, Huang Y, Rich RL, Myszka DG, Wu H. Covalent inhibition revealed by the crystal structure of the caspase-8/p35 complex. Nature 2001;410:494–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Campbell CA, Collins M. The One-Page Project Manager for Execution. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
[1]
Rao UH. The InfoSec Handbook: An Introduction to Information Security. Berkeley, CA: Apress; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Rabinovich V, Alexandrov N. Simplified Smart Beamforming. In: Alexandrov N, editor. Antenna Arrays and Automotive Applications, New York, NY: Springer; 2013, p. 87–113.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Science et Sports.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Taking Plants Off Planet – How Do They Grow In Zero Gravity? IFLScience 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Social Security: Observations on Improving Distribution of Death Information. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2001.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Steffan AL. An examination of the correlation between ninth grade mathematics grades and student performance on the mathematics portion of the California high school exit examination. Doctoral dissertation. Pepperdine University, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Vecsey G. Football’s Absolute Power Corrupts Colleges Absolutely. New York Times 2011:SP10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleScience et Sports
AbbreviationSci. Sports
ISSN (print)0765-1597
ScopeOrthopedics and Sports Medicine

Other styles