How to format your references using the Science et Sports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Science et Sports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Goodman MB. Eppendorf essay winner. Deconstructing C. elegans sensory mechanotransduction. Science 2004;306:427–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sattelberger AP, Johnson MJA. Chemistry. Uncovering the uranium-nitrogen triple bond. Science 2012;337:652–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
Field J, Cronin A, Bridge C. Future fitness and helping in social queues. Nature 2006;441:214–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Clutton-Brock TH, Russell AF, Sharpe LL, Young AJ, Balmforth Z, McIlrath GM. Evolution and development of sex differences in cooperative behavior in meerkats. Science 2002;297:253–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Seagal ZM, Surnina OM. Ultrasonic Topographical and Pathotopographical Anatomy. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley &;#38; Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
Patnaik S, Jain LC, Tzafestas SG, Resconi G, Konar A, editors. Innovations in Robot Mobility and Control. vol. 8. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
Barton J, Parolin B, Weiley V. A Spatial Decision Support System for the Management of Public Housing. In: Leeuwen JPV, Timmermans HJP, editors. Recent Advances in Design and Decision Support Systems in Architecture and Urban Planning, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2005, p. 69–84.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Science et Sports.

Blog post
Bedell-Pearce H. Check Out The Amazing Behavior Of These Fish As They Try To Guard Against Predators. IFLScience 2017.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Multiyear Leasing and Government-Wide Purchasing of Automatic Data Processing Equipment Should Result in Significant Savings. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1971.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Boakyewa OA. Nana Oparebea and the Akonnedi Shrine: Cultural, religious and global agents. Doctoral dissertation. Indiana University, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams J. Alcoholism in America. New York Times 2017:BR4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleScience et Sports
AbbreviationSci. Sports
ISSN (print)0765-1597
ScopeOrthopedics and Sports Medicine

Other styles