How to format your references using the Science et Sports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Science et Sports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Nienow P. Geoscience: The plumbing of Greenland’s ice. Nature 2014;514:38–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Tyc T, Zhang X. Forum Optics: Perfect lenses in focus. Nature 2011;480:42–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Fujisawa K, Wrana JL, Culotti JG. The slit receptor EVA-1 coactivates a SAX-3/Robo mediated guidance signal in C. elegans. Science 2007;317:1934–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Xu J, Peng C, Sankaran VG, Shao Z, Esrick EB, Chong BG, et al. Correction of sickle cell disease in adult mice by interference with fetal hemoglobin silencing. Science 2011;334:993–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Subramanian MN. Polymer Blends and Composites. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2017.
An edited book
[1]
García-Peña C, Gutiérrez-Robledo LM, Pérez-Zepeda MU, editors. Aging Research - Methodological Issues. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Kornfilt J. DOM and Two Types of DSM in Turkish. In: Hoop H de, Swart P de, editors. Differential Subject Marking, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2009, p. 79–111.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Science et Sports.

Blog post
[1]
Carpineti A. Radio Telescope Shows Halos Are Common Around Spiral Galaxies. IFLScience 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/space/radio-telescope-discovers-common-halos-around-spiral-galaxies/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. DOD is Making Progress in Adopting Best Practices for the Transformational Satellite Communications System and Space Radar but Still Faces Challenges. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2007.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Wellman TE. Employment Discrimination against Military Spouses: Illegal Contrary to Popular Belief and Practice. Doctoral dissertation. George Washington University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Koblin J. Never Mind the Ratings. New York Times 2017:B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleScience et Sports
AbbreviationSci. Sports
ISSN (print)0765-1597
ScopeOrthopedics and Sports Medicine

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