How to format your references using the Science et Sports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Science et Sports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Chakravarti A. Being human: kinship: race relations. Nature 2009;457:380–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Ito T, Handa H. Myeloid disease: Another action of a thalidomide derivative. Nature 2015;523:167–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Rand DG, Greene JD, Nowak MA. Spontaneous giving and calculated greed. Nature 2012;489:427–30.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Sato Y, Kojima R, Okumura M, Hagiwara M, Masui S, Maegawa K-I, et al. Synergistic cooperation of PDI family members in peroxiredoxin 4-driven oxidative protein folding. Sci Rep 2013;3:2456.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Hopkins BR. Fundraising Law Made Easy. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2009.
An edited book
[1]
Weik E, Walgenbach P, editors. Institutions Inc. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Stranieri A, Zeleznikow J. Legal Issues in the Data Transformation Phase. In: Zeleznikow J, editor. Knowledge Discovery from Legal Databases, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2005, p. 59–82.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Science et Sports.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Little Hedgehog Who Lost His Spikes Being Kept Cozy Until They Grow Back. IFLScience 2014.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. School Facilities: States’ Financial and Technical Support Varies. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Stewart DA. Principals’ post-observation feedback and its influence on teacher professional growth at two Southern California Catholic high schools. Doctoral dissertation. Pepperdine University, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Wagner J. Harper’s Return Gives Nationals a Timely Boost. New York Times 2017:B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleScience et Sports
AbbreviationSci. Sports
ISSN (print)0765-1597
ScopeOrthopedics and Sports Medicine

Other styles