How to format your references using the International Journal of Obesity citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Obesity. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Mandavilli A. The coming epidemic. Nature 2005; 436: 496–498.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Brent R, Lok L. Cell biology. A fishing buddy for hypothesis generators. Science 2005; 308: 504–506.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Martianov I, Viville S, Davidson I. RNA polymerase II transcription in murine cells lacking the TATA binding protein. Science 2002; 298: 1036–1039.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1
Yamamoto Y, Brady MP, Lu ZP, Maziasz PJ, Liu CT, Pint BA et al. Creep-resistant, Al2O3-forming austenitic stainless steels. Science 2007; 316: 433–436.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Leis JW. Digital Signal Processing Using MATLAB for Students and Researchers. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2011.
An edited book
1
Zazkis R. Lesson Play in Mathematics Education: A Tool for Research and Professional Development. Springer: New York, NY, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Aloia J, Shieh A. Intestinal Calcium Absorption Efficiency in Women and the Influence of Menopause. In: Hollins Martin CJ, Watson RR, Preedy VR (eds). Nutrition and Diet in Menopause. Humana Press: Totowa, NJ, 2013, pp 67–78.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Obesity.

Blog post
1
O`Callaghan J. Watch Live As Juno Enters Orbit Around Jupiter Tonight. IFLScience. 2016.https://www.iflscience.com/space/watch-live-juno-enters-orbit-around-jupiter/ (accessed 30 Oct2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. Airport Noise: FAA’s Enforcement of Noise Rules at National Airport. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1988.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Dammann NM. Living in the edge: Community based governance in the aquatic terrestrial zone. 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
St. John Kelly E. Media Talk; Dialing Sister Souljah at WLIB. New York Times. 1998; : D8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Obesity
AbbreviationInt. J. Obes. (Lond)
ISSN (print)0307-0565
ISSN (online)1476-5497
ScopeMedicine (miscellaneous)
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
Nutrition and Dietetics

Other styles