How to format your references using the International Journal of Obesity citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Obesity. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Laughlin G. Astronomy: A Mars-sized exoplanet. Nature 2015; 522: 290–291.
A journal article with 2 authors
Raman KV, Moodera JS. Materials chemistry: A magnetic facelift for non-magnetic metals. Nature 2015; 524: 42–43.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tang R-Y, Li G, Yu J-Q. Conformation-induced remote meta-C-H activation of amines. Nature 2014; 507: 215–220.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Shen C, Wang X, Zhang W, Kang F. Direct prototyping of patterned nanoporous carbon: a route from materials to on-chip devices. Sci Rep 2013; 3: 2294.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Todeschini R, Baccini A. Handbook of Bibliometric Indicators. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA: Weinheim, Germany, 2016.
An edited book
Grobman S. The Second Economy: The Race for Trust, Treasure and Time in the Cybersecurity War. Apress: Berkeley, CA, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Pamies-Rovira J. Moroccan Immigrants at a Secondary School in Catalonia. In: Spinthourakis JA, Lalor J, Berg W (eds). Cultural Diversity in the Classroom: A European Comparison. VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften: Wiesbaden, 2012, pp 79–94.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Obesity.

Blog post
Andrew D. How Science Can Help Us Make AI Less Creepy And More Trustworthy. IFLScience. 2016. (accessed 30 Oct2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Computer-Based Patient Records: Subcommittee Questions Concerning VA and DOD Efforts to Achieve a Two-Way Exchange of Health Data. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2004.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Washington S. Counseling students ability to diagnose Asperger’s Syndrome. 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schwartz J, Blinder A. Houston Faces Urgent Task: Moving Mountains of Storm Debris. New York Times. 2017; : A13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Obesity
AbbreviationInt. J. Obes. (Lond)
ISSN (print)0307-0565
ISSN (online)1476-5497
ScopeMedicine (miscellaneous)
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
Nutrition and Dietetics

Other styles