How to format your references using the International Journal of Obesity citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Obesity. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Alroy J. A multispecies overkill simulation of the end-Pleistocene megafaunal mass extinction. Science 2001; 292: 1893–1896.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lee S, Feldstein SB. Detecting ozone- and greenhouse gas-driven wind trends with observational data. Science 2013; 339: 563–567.
A journal article with 3 authors
Makino DL, Baumgärtner M, Conti E. Crystal structure of an RNA-bound 11-subunit eukaryotic exosome complex. Nature 2013; 495: 70–75.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Chini R, Hoffmeister V, Kimeswenger S, Nielbock M, Nürnberger D, Schmidtobreick L et al. The formation of a massive protostar through the disk accretion of gas. Nature 2004; 429: 155–157.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Birke D. Social Networks and their Economics. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2013.
An edited book
Kim T-H, Pal SK, Grosky WI, Pissinou N, Shih TK, Ślęzak D (eds.). Signal Processing and Multimedia: International Conferences, SIP and MulGraB 2010, Held as Part of the Future Generation Information Technology Conference, FGIT 2010, Jeju Island, Korea, December 13-15, 2010. Proceedings. Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
de Carvalho F de AT. A Clustering Algorithm for Symbolic Interval Data Based on a Single Adaptive Hausdorff Distance. In: Brito P, Cucumel G, Bertrand P, Carvalho F de (eds). Selected Contributions in Data Analysis and Classification. Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2007, pp 35–44.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Obesity.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. New Particle Discovered At The Large Hadron Collider. IFLScience. 2015. (accessed 30 Oct2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Weather Forecasting: Systems Architecture Needed for National Weather Service Modernization. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1994.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rodriguez EP. Curriculum development for nursing assistants: Pressure ulcer prevention module. 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow L. LIPA Kills Wind Farm Off Jones Beach. New York Times. 2007; : LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Obesity
AbbreviationInt. J. Obes. (Lond)
ISSN (print)0307-0565
ISSN (online)1476-5497
ScopeMedicine (miscellaneous)
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
Nutrition and Dietetics

Other styles