How to format your references using the International Journal of Obesity citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Obesity. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Marshall CR. Paleontology. Marine biodiversity dynamics over deep time. Science 2010; 329: 1156–1157.
A journal article with 2 authors
Knouse KA, Amon A. Cell biology: the micronucleus gets its big break. Nature 2015; 522: 162–163.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hannon JB, Tersoff J, Tromp RM. Surface stress and thermodynamic nanoscale size selection. Science 2002; 295: 299–301.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Kidwingira F, Strand JD, Van Harlingen DJ, Maeno Y. Dynamical superconducting order parameter domains in Sr2RuO4. Science 2006; 314: 1267–1271.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dimond B. Legal Aspects of Occupational Therapy. Wiley-Blackwell: Oxford, UK, 2010.
An edited book
Zeng D. Cloud Networking for Big Data. Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Hirz M, Dietrich W, Gfrerrer A, Lang J. Knowledge-Based Design. In: Dietrich W, Gfrerrer A, Lang J (eds). Integrated Computer-Aided Design in Automotive Development: Development Processes, Geometric Fundamentals, Methods of CAD, Knowledge-Based Engineering Data Management. Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013, pp 309–330.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Obesity.

Blog post
Luntz S. Blue Whales Travel Enormous Distances. IFLScience. 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Internet Protocol Version 6: Federal Agencies Need to Plan for Transition and Manage Security Risks. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2005.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Krug KA. Critical literacy in the face of a mandated curriculum: Can children read beyond the text? 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Palmer E, Otis J. Seizing a Second Chance to Graduate From High School. New York Times. 2017; : A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Obesity
AbbreviationInt. J. Obes. (Lond)
ISSN (print)0307-0565
ISSN (online)1476-5497
ScopeMedicine (miscellaneous)
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
Nutrition and Dietetics

Other styles