How to format your references using the International Journal of Obesity citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Obesity. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Klein J. Chemistry. Repair or replacement--a joint perspective. Science 2009; 323: 47–48.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Yuan C, Yamagata T. California Niño/Niña. Sci Rep 2014; 4: 4801.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Dubi Y, Meir Y, Avishai Y. Nature of the superconductor-insulator transition in disordered superconductors. Nature 2007; 449: 876–880.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1
Tung J, Primus A, Bouley AJ, Severson TF, Alberts SC, Wray GA. Evolution of a malaria resistance gene in wild primates. Nature 2009; 460: 388–391.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Burkinshaw SM. Physico-chemical Aspects of Textile Coloration. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2016.
An edited book
1
Johansson B, Andersson B, Holmberg N (eds.). Perspectives in Business Informatics Research: 13th International Conference, BIR 2014, Lund, Sweden, September 22-24, 2014. Proceedings. Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Bickhoff N, Hollensen S, Opresnik M. Step 2: Strategic and Operative Marketing Planning—Segmenting, Targeting, Positioning. In: Hollensen S, Opresnik M (eds). The Quintessence of Marketing: What You Really Need to Know to Manage Your Marketing Activities. Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2014, pp 47–110.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Obesity.

Blog post
1
Andrews R. Why You Should Never Feed Bread To Ducks. IFLScience. 2015.https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/stop-feeding-bread-ducks-people/ (accessed 30 Oct2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. Tax Systems Modernization: Management and Technical Weaknesses Must Be Corrected If Modernization Is to Succeed. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Vande Voort PS. A phenomenological exploration of faculty experiences using lecture capture systems. 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Gelles D, de la MERCED MJ. Staples to Sell for $6.9 Billion, and Its New Owner Has an Uphill Battle. New York Times. 2017; : B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Obesity
AbbreviationInt. J. Obes. (Lond)
ISSN (print)0307-0565
ISSN (online)1476-5497
ScopeMedicine (miscellaneous)
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
Nutrition and Dietetics

Other styles