How to format your references using the Science and Engineering Ethics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Science and Engineering Ethics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hughes, V. (2012). Public health: Where there’s smoke. Nature, 489(7417), S18-20.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wilhite, A. W., & Fong, E. A. (2012). Scientific publications. Coercive citation in academic publishing. Science (New York, N.Y.), 335(6068), 542–543.
A journal article with 3 authors
Morse, S. S., Garwin, R. L., & Olsiewski, P. J. (2006). Public health. Next flu pandemic: what to do until the vaccine arrives? Science (New York, N.Y.), 314(5801), 929.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Zheng, B., Ma, Y. C., Ostrom, R. S., Lavoie, C., Gill, G. N., Insel, P. A., et al. (2001). RGS-PX1, a GAP for GalphaS and sorting nexin in vesicular trafficking. Science (New York, N.Y.), 294(5548), 1939–1942.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Biegelman, M. T. (2013). Faces of Fraud. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Yen, H.-C., & Ibarra, O. H. (Eds.). (2012). Developments in Language Theory: 16th International Conference, DLT 2012, Taipei, Taiwan, August 14-17, 2012. Proceedings (Vol. 7410). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Weber, R. H., & Weber, R. (2010). Internet of Things as Tool of Global Welfare. In R. Weber (Ed.), Internet of Things: Legal Perspectives (pp. 101–125). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Science and Engineering Ethics.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015, February 19). Sun Can Continue To Damage Your Skin Even After You’re Indoors. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1991). NASA Procurement: Management Oversight of Contract Costs and Time Changes Could Be Enhanced (No. NSIAD-91-259). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ng, A. (2012). Exploring the perceptions of health care leaders: Colorectal cancer screening barriers among Chinese Canadian women (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, D. (1998, November 29). Fear and Loathing in San Juan. New York Times, p. 710.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hughes 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Hughes 2012; Wilhite and Fong 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wilhite and Fong 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Zheng et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleScience and Engineering Ethics
AbbreviationSci. Eng. Ethics
ISSN (print)1353-3452
ISSN (online)1471-5546
ScopeManagement of Technology and Innovation
Health Policy
Issues, ethics and legal aspects
Health(social science)

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