How to format your references using the Science and Engineering Ethics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Science and Engineering Ethics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bonetta, L. (2006). Protein purification: protein purification for structural proteomics. Nature, 439(7079), 1018.
A journal article with 2 authors
Blackstock, J. J., & Long, J. C. S. (2010). Climate change. The politics of geoengineering. Science (New York, N.Y.), 327(5965), 527.
A journal article with 3 authors
Alford, R. A., Dixon, P. M., & Pechmann, J. H. (2001). Ecology. Global amphibian population declines. Nature, 412(6846), 499–500.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Tochio, H., Tsui, M. M., Banfield, D. K., & Zhang, M. (2001). An autoinhibitory mechanism for nonsyntaxin SNARE proteins revealed by the structure of Ykt6p. Science (New York, N.Y.), 293(5530), 698–702.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Greenspan, D. (2008). Numerical Solution of Ordinary Differential Equations. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH.
An edited book
Rjasanow, S. (2007). The Fast Solution of Boundary Integral Equations. (O. Steinbach, Ed.). Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Miller, W., de Wit, M. J., Linol, B., & Armstrong, R. (2016). New Structural Data and U/Pb Dates from the Gamtoos Complex and Lowermost Cape Supergroup of the Eastern Cape Fold Belt, in Support of a Southward Paleo-Subduction Polarity. In B. Linol & M. J. de Wit (Eds.), Origin and Evolution of the Cape Mountains and Karoo Basin (pp. 35–44). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Science and Engineering Ethics.

Blog post
Taub, B. (2016, October 10). “Game-Changing” Immunotherapy Drug Doubles Cancer Survival Rates. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2011). On-the-Job Training: Federal Highway Administration Needs to Strengthen Program Assessment (No. GAO-11-703). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sosa Tzec, O. (2017). Delightful Interactive Systems: A Rhetorical Examination (Doctoral dissertation). Indiana University, Bloomington, IN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Turkewitz, J., Fernandez, M., & Blinder, A. (2017, August 28). Deadly Storm Transforms Houston Streets Into Raging Rivers. New York Times, p. A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bonetta 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Blackstock and Long 2010; Bonetta 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Blackstock and Long 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Tochio et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleScience and Engineering Ethics
AbbreviationSci. Eng. Ethics
ISSN (print)1353-3452
ISSN (online)1471-5546
ScopeManagement of Technology and Innovation
Health Policy
Issues, ethics and legal aspects
Health(social science)

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