How to format your references using the Science and Engineering Ethics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Science and Engineering Ethics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
O’Reilly, T. (2011). Steve Jobs (1955-2011). Nature, 479(7371), 42.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lucht, M., & Rosskopf, D. (2008). Comment on “Genetically determined differences in learning from errors.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 321(5886), 200; author reply 200.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ledingham, K. W. D., McKenna, P., & Singhal, R. P. (2003). Applications for nuclear phenomena generated by ultra-intense lasers. Science (New York, N.Y.), 300(5622), 1107–1111.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Yoshida, Y., Kuroiwa, H., Misumi, O., Yoshida, M., Ohnuma, M., Fujiwara, T., et al. (2010). Chloroplasts divide by contraction of a bundle of nanofilaments consisting of polyglucan. Science (New York, N.Y.), 329(5994), 949–953.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Leleux, B., van Swaay, H., & Megally, E. (2015). Private Equity 4.0. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Cipolla, R., Battiato, S., & Farinella, G. M. (Eds.). (2014). Registration and Recognition in Images and Videos (Vol. 532). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Reifsnider, K., & Huang, X. (2008). Engineering Durability of Micro-Miniature Fuel Cells. In S. Kakaç, A. Pramuanjaroenkij, & L. Vasiliev (Eds.), Mini-Micro Fuel Cells: Fundamentals and Applications (pp. 75–86). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Science and Engineering Ethics.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2016, November 24). Why WHO Needs A Radical Rethink Of Its Draconian Approach To Cannabis. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2006). Unmanned Aircraft Systems: Improved Planning and Acquisition Strategies Can Help Address Operational Challenges (No. GAO-06-610T). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wansapura, A. N. (2010). The role of alpha sodium,potassium-ATPase isoforms in mediating cardiac hypertrophy in response to endogenous cardiotonic steroids (Doctoral dissertation). University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, D. (1993, October 24). From Warhol to Rathole. New York Times, p. 714.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (O’Reilly 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Lucht and Rosskopf 2008; O’Reilly 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lucht and Rosskopf 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Yoshida et al. 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleScience and Engineering Ethics
AbbreviationSci. Eng. Ethics
ISSN (print)1353-3452
ISSN (online)1471-5546
ScopeManagement of Technology and Innovation
Health Policy
Issues, ethics and legal aspects
Health(social science)

Other styles