How to format your references using the Science and Engineering Ethics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Science and Engineering Ethics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rummel, J. D. (2000). Survival on the edge: the tube worm’s strategy. Nature, 407(6805), 671.
A journal article with 2 authors
Baker, P. J., & Wilson, J. S. (2003). Plant ecology: Coexistence of tropical tree species. Nature, 422(6932), 581–2; discussion 852.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sato, T., Atomi, H., & Imanaka, T. (2007). Archaeal type III RuBisCOs function in a pathway for AMP metabolism. Science (New York, N.Y.), 315(5814), 1003–1006.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Kwiek, N. C., Halpin, M. J., Reiter, J. P., Hoeffler, L. A., & Schwartz-Bloom, R. D. (2007). Relevance. Pharmacology in the high-school classroom. Science (New York, N.Y.), 317(5846), 1871–1872.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rabe, J. L., & Martorana, R. J. (2014). Alts Democratized. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Capello, R. (2008). Modelling Regional Scenarios for the Enlarged Europe: European Competiveness and Global Strategies. (R. Camagni, B. Chizzolini, & U. Fratesi, Eds.). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Kobayashi, M., Akiyama, M., Kise, H., & Watanabe, T. (2006). Unusual Tetrapyrrole Pigments of Photosynthetic Antennae and Reaction Centers: Specially-tailored Chlorophylls. In B. Grimm, R. J. Porra, W. Rüdiger, & H. Scheer (Eds.), Chlorophylls and Bacteriochlorophylls: Biochemistry, Biophysics, Functions and Applications (pp. 55–66). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Science and Engineering Ethics.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, February 4). Soft, Transparent Eggshell Gives Unprecedented Look At Embryonic Development. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1999). Year 2000 Computing Challenge: Noteworthy Improvements in Readiness But Vulnerabilities Remain (No. T-AIMD-00-37). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Layne, L. L. (2008). Military leadership: Encouraging enlisted personnel to participate in continuing education (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sanger, D. E., Mazzetti, M., & Hubbard, B. (2016, September 19). Errant Strike Impairs Effort to Calm Syria. New York Times, p. A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rummel 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Baker and Wilson 2003; Rummel 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Baker and Wilson 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Kwiek et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleScience and Engineering Ethics
AbbreviationSci. Eng. Ethics
ISSN (print)1353-3452
ISSN (online)1471-5546
ScopeManagement of Technology and Innovation
Health Policy
Issues, ethics and legal aspects
Health(social science)

Other styles