How to format your references using the Science and Engineering Ethics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Science and Engineering Ethics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cannon, B. (2014). Microbiology: Resistance fighters. Nature, 509(7498), S6-8.
A journal article with 2 authors
Reipurth, B., & Mikkola, S. (2012). Formation of the widest binary stars from dynamical unfolding of triple systems. Nature, 492(7428), 221–224.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mason, A. C., Oshinsky, M. L., & Hoy, R. R. (2001). Hyperacute directional hearing in a microscale auditory system. Nature, 410(6829), 686–690.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Kim, H., Terazono, H., Takei, H., & Yasuda, K. (2014). Cup-shaped superparamagnetic hemispheres for size-selective cell filtration. Scientific reports, 4, 6362.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dal Pont, J.-P., & Azzaro-Pantel, C. (2014). New Approaches to the Process Industries. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Hazani, R., Mrad, M. A., Tauber, D., Ulm, J., Yan, A., & Yaremchuk, M. J. (Eds.). (2016). Clinical Diagnosis in Plastic Surgery (1st ed. 2016.). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Kahraman, C., & Kaya, İ. (2008). Fuzzy Equivalent Annual-Worth Analysis and Applications. In C. Kahraman (Ed.), Fuzzy Engineering Economics with Applications (pp. 71–81). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Science and Engineering Ethics.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, June 19). Realistic Robot Faces Aren’t Enough – We Need Emotion To Put Us At Ease With Androids. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2015). Space Acquisitions: Some Programs Have Overcome Past Problems, but Challenges and Uncertainty Remain for the Future (No. GAO-15-492T). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Norton, J. C. (2013). Elementary ESL and General Education Co-Teachers’ Perceptions of Their Co-Teaching Roles: A Mixed Methods Study (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shear, M. D., Goldman, A., & Cochrane, E. (2017, June 14). G.O.P. Lawmaker Shot Outside Capital. New York Times, p. A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cannon 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Cannon 2014; Reipurth and Mikkola 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Reipurth and Mikkola 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Kim et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleScience and Engineering Ethics
AbbreviationSci. Eng. Ethics
ISSN (print)1353-3452
ISSN (online)1471-5546
ScopeManagement of Technology and Innovation
Health Policy
Issues, ethics and legal aspects
Health(social science)

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