How to format your references using the Science and Engineering Ethics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Science and Engineering Ethics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lane, J. (2009). Science innovation. Assessing the impact of science funding. Science (New York, N.Y.), 324(5932), 1273–1275.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sosnick, T. R., & Hinshaw, J. R. (2011). Biochemistry. How proteins fold. Science (New York, N.Y.), 334(6055), 464–465.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hu, Z.-X., Lan, H., & Ji, W. (2014). Role of the dispersion force in modeling the interfacial properties of molecule-metal interfaces: adsorption of thiophene on copper surfaces. Scientific reports, 4, 5036.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
de Lau, W., Barker, N., Low, T. Y., Koo, B.-K., Li, V. S. W., Teunissen, H., et al. (2011). Lgr5 homologues associate with Wnt receptors and mediate R-spondin signalling. Nature, 476(7360), 293–297.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Allen, D. S. (2012). Why Plato Wrote. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
An edited book
Haan, J., & Berger, H. (Eds.). (2010). The European Central Bank at Ten. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Torras, C. (2005). Natural Inspiration for Artificial Adaptivity: Some Neurocomputing Experiences in Robotics. In C. S. Calude, M. J. Dinneen, G. Păun, M. J. Pérez-Jímenez, & G. Rozenberg (Eds.), Unconventional Computation: 4th International Conference, UC 2005, Sevilla, Spain, October 3 – 7, 2005. Proceedings (pp. 32–45). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Science and Engineering Ethics.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2015, September 25). How To Watch Sunday’s Rare Supermoon Eclipse, The Last For Almost 20 Years. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1973). Use of Appropriated Funds as Impact Aid to Educational Agencies (No. B-164081). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bankapura, S. (2016). Packet adaptive routing in communication network (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Belson, K., & Pilon, M. (2012, June 25). Gatlin, Continuing Comeback from Ban, Earns Return to the Olympics. New York Times, p. D8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lane 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Lane 2009; Sosnick and Hinshaw 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sosnick and Hinshaw 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (de Lau et al. 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleScience and Engineering Ethics
AbbreviationSci. Eng. Ethics
ISSN (print)1353-3452
ISSN (online)1471-5546
ScopeManagement of Technology and Innovation
Health Policy
Issues, ethics and legal aspects
Health(social science)

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