How to format your references using the Surgical Pathology Clinics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Surgical Pathology Clinics (PATH). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Luber-Narod J. Soft money is hard to find. Science 2000;290(5491):453b.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
O’Grady M., O’Hare G. Computer science. How smart is your city? Science 2012;335(6076):1581–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Kotera E., Tasaka M., Shikanai T. A pentatricopeptide repeat protein is essential for RNA editing in chloroplasts. Nature 2005;433(7023):326–30.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1.
McEvilly RJ., de Diaz MO., Schonemann MD., et al. Transcriptional regulation of cortical neuron migration by POU domain factors. Science 2002;295(5559):1528–32.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
De Martini D. Success Probability Estimation with Applications to Clinical Trials. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
1.
Trautschold M. DROIDS Made Simple: For the DROID, DROID X, DROID 2, and DROID 2 Global. Berkeley, CA: Apress; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Farnet CM., Zazopoulos E. Improving Drug Discovery From Microorganisms. In: Zhang L, Demain AL, editors. Natural Products: Drug Discovery and Therapeutic Medicine. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press; 2005. p. 95–106.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Surgical Pathology Clinics.

Blog post
1.
Davis J. Oldest Known Neanderthal Construction Found In French Cave Is 176,000 Years Old. IFLScience. Available at: https://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/structures-built-neanderthals-discovered-french-cave/. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Transportation and Telecommunications Issue Area: Active Assignments. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1996.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Katz RL. Graduate nursing students’ perceptions regarding caring for patients with HIV. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
1.
Gorman J. The Self-Aware Dog. New York Times 2017:D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleSurgical Pathology Clinics
AbbreviationSurg. Pathol. Clin.
ISSN (print)1875-9181
ScopePathology and Forensic Medicine
Surgery

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