How to format your references using the Surgical Pathology Clinics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Surgical Pathology Clinics (PATH). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Landolt HP. CIRCADIAN RHYTHMS. Caffeine, the circadian clock, and sleep. Science 2015;349(6254):1289.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Xie J., Black DL. A CaMK IV responsive RNA element mediates depolarization-induced alternative splicing of ion channels. Nature 2001;410(6831):936–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Komatitsch D., Ritsema J., Tromp J. The spectral-element method, Beowulf computing, and global seismology. Science 2002;298(5599):1737–42.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1.
Rotter M., Wang Z-S., Boothroyd AT., et al. Mechanism of spin crossover in LaCoO3 resolved by shape magnetostriction in pulsed magnetic fields. Sci Rep 2014;4:7003.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Alberty RA. Thermodynamics of Biochemical Reactions. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
1.
Paragios N., Duncan J., Ayache N. Handbook of Biomedical Imaging: Methodologies and Clinical Research. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Sappington TW. Emerging issues in Integrated Pest Management Implementation and Adoption in the North Central USA. In: Peshin R, Pimentel D, editors. Integrated Pest Management: Experiences with Implementation, Global Overview, Vol.4. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2014. p. 65–97.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Surgical Pathology Clinics.

Blog post
1.
Andrews R. Woolly Mammoths’ “Genetic Meltdown” May Have Finished Them Off. IFLScience. Available at: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/woolly-mammoths-genetic-meltdown-may-have-finished-them-off/. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Additional Costs to Government: Reflagging Kuwaiti Ships and Protecting Them in the Persian Gulf. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1987.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Luong W. An identity building program for American-born children of Southeast Asian refugees. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Kishkovsky S. Purge Victims Remembered In Moscow Rite. New York Times 2007:A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleSurgical Pathology Clinics
AbbreviationSurg. Pathol. Clin.
ISSN (print)1875-9181
ScopePathology and Forensic Medicine
Surgery

Other styles