How to format your references using the Science Advances citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Science Advances. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
N. C. Heglund, Physiology. Running a-fowl of the law. Science. 303, 47–48 (2004).
A journal article with 2 authors
J. Luo, Y. Lai, Anisotropic zero-index waveguide with arbitrary shapes. Sci. Rep. 4, 5875 (2014).
A journal article with 3 authors
V. Torsvik, L. Øvreås, T. F. Thingstad, Prokaryotic diversity--magnitude, dynamics, and controlling factors. Science. 296, 1064–1066 (2002).
A journal article with 6 or more authors
M. R. Perfit, J. R. Cann, D. J. Fornari, J. Engels, D. K. Smith, W. I. Ridley, M. H. Edwards, Interaction of sea water and lava during submarine eruptions at mid-ocean ridges. Nature. 426, 62–65 (2003).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
J. Hermans, B. Lentz, Equilibria and Kinetics of Biological Macromolecules (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2013).
An edited book
M. Sato, T. Hanawa, M. S. Müller, B. M. Chapman, B. R. de Supinski, Eds., Beyond Loop Level Parallelism in OpenMP: Accelerators, Tasking and More: 6th Internationan Workshop on OpenMP, IWOMP 2010, Tsukuba, Japan, June 14-16, 2010 Proceedings (Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2010), vol. 6132 of Lecture Notes in Computer Science.
A chapter in an edited book
T. Brihaye, J. De Pril, S. Schewe, in Logical Foundations of Computer Science: International Symposium, LFCS 2013, San Diego, CA, USA, January 6-8, 2013. Proceedings, S. Artemov, A. Nerode, Eds. (Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013), Lecture Notes in Computer Science, pp. 59–73.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Science Advances.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Learning To Drink Is Hard Work- Who’d Have Trunk It? IFLScience (2014), (available at’d-have-trunk-it/).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Federal Research: Observations on the Small Business Innovation Research Program” (GAO-05-861T, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2005).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
R. Payan Venegas, thesis, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA (2012).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
L. Greenhouse, Americans Held in Iraq Draw Justices’ Attention. New York Times (2007), p. A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1, 2).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (1)
  • Three authors: (1)
  • Four or more authors: (1)

About the journal

Full journal titleScience Advances
AbbreviationSci. Adv.
ISSN (online)2375-2548

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