How to format your references using the Digital Experiences in Mathematics Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Digital Experiences in Mathematics Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Larson, E. J. (2011). Antarctica: Turning the world upside down. Nature, 480(7375), 29–31.
A journal article with 2 authors
Petrovic, M., & Hummel, T. (2008). Temporal identity in axonal target layer recognition. Nature, 456(7223), 800–803.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chen, Y.-Z., Huang, Z.-G., & Lai, Y.-C. (2014). Controlling extreme events on complex networks. Scientific reports, 4, 6121.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Lipworth, G., Ensworth, J., Seetharam, K., Huang, D., Lee, J. S., Schmalenberg, P., et al. (2014). Magnetic metamaterial superlens for increased range wireless power transfer. Scientific reports, 4, 3642.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sage, A. P., & Rouse, W. B. (2011). Economic Systems Analysis and Assessment. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Begall, S., Burda, H., & Schleich, C. E. (Eds.). (2007). Subterranean Rodents: News from Underground. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Anchimbe, E. A. (2014). Global Identities or Local Stigma Markers: How Equal Is the ‘E’ in Englishes in Cameroon? In A. Mahboob & L. Barratt (Eds.), Englishes in Multilingual Contexts: Language Variation and Education (pp. 47–62). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Digital Experiences in Mathematics Education.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2017, June 12). Incredibly Rare White Risso’s Dolphin Spotted For First Time In Years. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2009). Telecommunications: Long-Term Strategic Vision Would Help Ensure Targeting of E-rate Funds to Highest-Priority Uses (No. GAO-09-253). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hernandez, R. (2013). Growth and development of greenhouse vegetable seedlings under supplemental LED lighting (Doctoral dissertation). University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Qiu, L. (2017, June 2). ‘Thousands’ of Jobs? And for Whom? New York Times, p. A13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Larson 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Larson 2011; Petrovic and Hummel 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Petrovic and Hummel 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Lipworth et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleDigital Experiences in Mathematics Education
AbbreviationDigit. Exp. Math. Educ.
ISSN (print)2199-3246
ISSN (online)2199-3254

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