How to format your references using the Digital Experiences in Mathematics Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Digital Experiences in Mathematics Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lewenstein, M. (2002). Physics. Resolving physical processes on the attosecond time scale. Science (New York, N.Y.), 297(5584), 1131–1132.
A journal article with 2 authors
Buckley, Y. M., & Han, Y. (2014). Ecology. Managing the side effects of invasion control. Science (New York, N.Y.), 344(6187), 975–976.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nesvorný, D., Vokrouhlický, D., & Bottke, W. F. (2006). The breakup of a main-belt asteroid 450 thousand years ago. Science (New York, N.Y.), 312(5779), 1490.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Athale, C. A., Dinarina, A., Mora-Coral, M., Pugieux, C., Nedelec, F., & Karsenti, E. (2008). Regulation of microtubule dynamics by reaction cascades around chromosomes. Science (New York, N.Y.), 322(5905), 1243–1247.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Paul, C. R. (2011). Transmission Lines in Digital Systems for EMC Practitioners. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Ao, S.-I., Yang, G.-C., & Gelman, L. (Eds.). (2016). Transactions on Engineering Technologies. Singapore: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Morales Guerrero, L. E. (2016). A Story of Hilbert’s Tenth Problem. In E. G. Omodeo & A. Policriti (Eds.), Martin Davis on Computability, Computational Logic, and Mathematical Foundations (pp. 93–105). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Digital Experiences in Mathematics Education.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014, October 4). In the Outback, Insects Build Little Houses to Keep From Drying Out. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1986). Social Security: Improved Telephone Accessibility Would Better Serve the Public (No. HRD-86-85). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shamsai, M. (2006). Prefabricated Cage System for Reinforcing Concrete Members (Doctoral dissertation). Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
GEORGE GENE GUSTINES; Compiled by DAVE ITZKOFF. (2010, June 24). Man Of Steel Lands On the iPhone. New York Times, p. C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lewenstein 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Buckley and Han 2014; Lewenstein 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Buckley and Han 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Athale et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleDigital Experiences in Mathematics Education
AbbreviationDigit. Exp. Math. Educ.
ISSN (print)2199-3246
ISSN (online)2199-3254

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