How to format your references using the CSI Transactions on ICT citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for CSI Transactions on ICT (CSIT). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Stearns T (2015) Cell biology. Centrioles, in absentia. Science 348:1091–1092
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Bouibes A, Zaoui A (2014) High-pressure polymorphs of ZnCO₃: evolutionary crystal structure prediction. Sci Rep 4:5172
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Vassilopoulos G, Wang P-R, Russell DW (2003) Transplanted bone marrow regenerates liver by cell fusion. Nature 422:901–904
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Capak PL, Riechers D, Scoville NZ, et al (2011) A massive protocluster of galaxies at a redshift of z ≈ 5.3. Nature 470:233–235

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Gatarek D, Bachert P, Maksymiuk R (2007) The LIBOR Market Model in Practice. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Oxford, UK
An edited book
1.
Geer G van der, Moonen B, Schoof R (2005) Number Fields and Function Fields—Two Parallel Worlds. Birkhäuser, Boston, MA
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Paldus J (2006) Perturbation Theory. In: Drake G (ed) Springer Handbook of Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics. Springer, New York, NY, pp 101–114

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for CSI Transactions on ICT.

Blog post
1.
Andrews R (2016) Scientists Reveal How Humanity Could Survive The End Of The World. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1977) Handling of Bid Protests Involving Automatic Data Processing Equipment Procurements. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Freedman R (2014) Assessing the functional recovery and connectivity potential of restored estuaries in southern California using juvenile predator fish movements. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
1.
Kenigsberg B (2017) LA 92. New York Times C9

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCSI Transactions on ICT
ISSN (print)2277-9078
ISSN (online)2277-9086
Scope

Other styles