How to format your references using the CSI Transactions on ICT citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for CSI Transactions on ICT (CSIT). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Smaglik P (2000) Gene therapy institute denies that errors led to trial death. Nature 403:820
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Kaser A, Blumberg RS (2014) Cell biology: Stressful genetics in Crohn’s disease. Nature 506:441–442
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Roselló-Díez A, Ros MA, Torres M (2011) Diffusible signals, not autonomous mechanisms, determine the main proximodistal limb subdivision. Science 332:1086–1088
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Yasue A, Mitsui SN, Watanabe T, et al (2014) Highly efficient targeted mutagenesis in one-cell mouse embryos mediated by the TALEN and CRISPR/Cas systems. Sci Rep 4:5705

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Furmston M (2012) Powell-Smith and Furmston’s Building Contract Casebook. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK
An edited book
1.
Frank KF (2015) Kinesins and Cancer. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Katz NM (2009) Another Look at the Dwork Family. In: Tschinkel Y, Zarhin Y (eds) Algebra, Arithmetic, and Geometry: Volume II: In Honor of Yu. I. Manin. Birkhäuser, Boston, MA, pp 89–126

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for CSI Transactions on ICT.

Blog post
1.
Hamilton K (2016) Digging For Cosmic Gold: The Hunt For Dark Matter At The Bottom Of A Gold Mine. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/space/digging-for-cosmic-gold-the-hunt-for-dark-matter-at-the-bottom-of-a-gold-mine/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (2007) Highlights of a Forum: Health Care 20 Years From Now--Taking Steps Today to Meet Tomorrow’s Challenges. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Anderson PM (2012) Persistent Genomic Consequences of Prenatal Nicotine Exposure Measured in Adolescent Rat Brain. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Hodara S (2015) Depicting Envy, ‘the Most Corrosive of the Sins.’ New York Times WE8

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCSI Transactions on ICT
ISSN (print)2277-9078
ISSN (online)2277-9086
Scope

Other styles