How to format your references using the CSI Transactions on ICT citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for CSI Transactions on ICT (CSIT). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Goldberg AL (2003) Protein degradation and protection against misfolded or damaged proteins. Nature 426:895–899
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Allmann BP, Shearer PM (2007) A high-frequency secondary event during the 2004 Parkfield earthquake. Science 318:1279–1283
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Harvey CD, Coen P, Tank DW (2012) Choice-specific sequences in parietal cortex during a virtual-navigation decision task. Nature 484:62–68
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Stuart FM, Lass-Evans S, Fitton JG, Ellam RM (2003) High 3He/4He ratios in picritic basalts from Baffin Island and the role of a mixed reservoir in mantle plumes. Nature 424:57–59

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Golio M (2006) Engineering Your Retirement. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
1.
Corchado E, Novais P, Analide C, Sedano J (2010) Soft Computing Models in Industrial and Environmental Applications, 5th International Workshop (SOCO 2010). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Davis PJ, Hersh R, Marchisotto EA (2012) Inner Issues. In: Hersh R, Marchisotto EA (eds) The Mathematical Experience, Study Edition. Birkhäuser, Boston, MA, pp 137–224

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for CSI Transactions on ICT.

Blog post
1.
Hale T (2016) Thanks To Cosmic Rays, We Finally Know What The Inside Of A Pyramid Looks Like. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/technology/archeologists-used-cosmic-rays-get-these-images-pyramid-s-insides-0/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1971) Need To Strengthen Management Control Over the Basic Research Program Administered by the Air Force Office of Scientific Research. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Buquiran ES (2014) Factors affecting members’ retention in Toastmasters International. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Dyson ME (2017) Athletes Have Always Led the Way. New York Times SR2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCSI Transactions on ICT
ISSN (print)2277-9078
ISSN (online)2277-9086
Scope

Other styles