How to format your references using the CSI Transactions on ICT citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for CSI Transactions on ICT (CSIT). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Verrijzer CP (2001) Transcription factor IID--not so basal after all. Science 293:2010–2011
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Gundersen GG, Bretscher A (2003) Cell biology. Microtubule asymmetry. Science 300:2040–2041
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Li L, Leid M, Rothenberg EV (2010) An early T cell lineage commitment checkpoint dependent on the transcription factor Bcl11b. Science 329:89–93
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Butts DA, Weng C, Jin J, et al (2007) Temporal precision in the neural code and the timescales of natural vision. Nature 449:92–95

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Held T (2014) In-situ-Verfahren zur Boden- und Grundwassersanierung. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany
An edited book
1.
Pillai P, Shorey R, Ferro E (2013) Personal Satellite Services: 4th International ICST Conference, PSATS 2012, Bradford, UK, March 22-23, 2012. Revised Selected Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Skuk D, Tremblay JP (2006) A Historic Recapitulation of Myoblast Transplantation. In: Dib N, Taylor DA, Diethrich EB (eds) Stem Cell Therapy and Tissue Engineering for Cardiovascular Repair: From Basic Research to Clinical Applications. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp 61–79

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for CSI Transactions on ICT.

Blog post
1.
Andrews R (2017) Doomsday Clock Moves 30 Seconds Closer To Midnight. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/doomsday-clock-moves-30-seconds-closer-midnight/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1988) Space Science: Status of the Hubble Space Telescope Program. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Stewart AR (2009) Entrepreneurial perception: A survey of graduates of a global management MBA program. Doctoral dissertation, Capella University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Sisario B (2017) DJ Khaled Hits Top Of Billboard Chart. New York Times C2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCSI Transactions on ICT
ISSN (print)2277-9078
ISSN (online)2277-9086
Scope

Other styles