How to format your references using the Schizophrenia Research: Cognition citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Schizophrenia Research: Cognition. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mel, B.W., 2002. Neurobiology. What the synapse tells the neuron. Science 295, 1845–1846.
A journal article with 2 authors
Greene, C.H., Pershing, A.J., 2007. Oceans. Climate drives sea change. Science 315, 1084–1085.
A journal article with 3 authors
Granot, J., Nakar, E., Piran, T., 2003. Astrophysics: refreshed shocks from a gamma-ray burst. Nature 426, 138–139.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Tape, C., Liu, Q., Maggi, A., Tromp, J., 2009. Adjoint tomography of the southern California crust. Science 325, 988–992.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Traitler, H., Coleman, B., Hofmann, K., 2015. Food Industry Design, Technology and Innovation. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Brennan, M.F., 2016. Management of Soft Tissue Sarcoma, 2nd ed. 2016. ed. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Tompa, P., 2009. Bioinformatics Approaches to the Structure and Function of Intrinsically Disordered Proteins, in: Rigden, D.J. (Ed.), From Protein Structure to Function with Bioinformatics. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 113–140.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Schizophrenia Research: Cognition.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2016. Millions Of Penguins Are About To Be Smothered By A Volcanic Eruption [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2007. Health Information Technology: Efforts Continue but Comprehensive Privacy Approach Needed for National Strategy (No. GAO-07-988T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rees, C.L., 2009. A systems-level investigation into the genetic determinants of childhood-onset schizophrenia (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L., 2007. Justices to Enter the Debate Over Lethal Injection. New York Times A24.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mel, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Greene and Pershing, 2007; Mel, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Greene and Pershing, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Tape et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleSchizophrenia Research: Cognition
AbbreviationSchizophr. Res. Cogn.
ISSN (print)2215-0013

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