How to format your references using the Schizophrenia Research: Cognition citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Schizophrenia Research: Cognition. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kamel, F., 2013. Epidemiology. Paths from pesticides to Parkinson’s. Science 341, 722–723.
A journal article with 2 authors
Falzarano, D., Feldmann, H., 2015. Virology. Delineating Ebola entry. Science 347, 947–948.
A journal article with 3 authors
Anderson, P.W., Brinkman, W.F., Huse, D.A., 2005. Thermodynamics of an incommensurate quantum crystal. Science 310, 1164–1166.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Sheng, Y., Liao, L.-D., Thakor, N., Tan, M.C., 2014. Rare-Earth doped particles as dual-modality contrast agent for minimally-invasive luminescence and dual-wavelength photoacoustic imaging. Sci. Rep. 4, 6562.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fisher, H.G., Forrest, H.S., Grossel, S.S., Huff, J.E., Muller, A.R., Noronha, J.A., Shaw, D.A., Tilley, B.J., 1993. Emergency Relief System Design Using DIERS Technology. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Lenarčič, J., Khatib, O. (Eds.), 2014. Advances in Robot Kinematics. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Devonshire-Ellis, C., Scott, A., Woollard, S., 2011. Human Resources, in: Devonshire-Ellis, C., Scott, A., Woollard, S. (Eds.), Setting Up Joint Ventures in China. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 79–86.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Schizophrenia Research: Cognition.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. WATCH: Live HD streaming Of Earth From The International Space Station [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1993. Test and Evaluation: DOD Has Been Slow In Improving Testing of Software-Intensive Systems (No. NSIAD-93-198). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Risley, L., 2012. Exploring Congruency between John A. Henschke’s Practice and Scholarship (Doctoral dissertation). Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Oestreich, J.R., 2017. Grand and Beloved (Sometimes Hated). New York Times C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kamel, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Falzarano and Feldmann, 2015; Kamel, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Falzarano and Feldmann, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Sheng et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleSchizophrenia Research: Cognition
AbbreviationSchizophr. Res. Cogn.
ISSN (print)2215-0013

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