How to format your references using the Schizophrenia Research: Cognition citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Schizophrenia Research: Cognition. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smith, C., 2004. Running interference on the genome. Nature 428, 225.
A journal article with 2 authors
Laver, G., Garman, E., 2001. Virology. The origin and control of pandemic influenza. Science 293, 1776–1777.
A journal article with 3 authors
Stracker, T.H., Carson, C.T., Weitzman, M.D., 2002. Adenovirus oncoproteins inactivate the Mre11-Rad50-NBS1 DNA repair complex. Nature 418, 348–352.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Yoo, A.S., Staahl, B.T., Chen, L., Crabtree, G.R., 2009. MicroRNA-mediated switching of chromatin-remodelling complexes in neural development. Nature 460, 642–646.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Häussler-Combe, U., 2014. Computational Methods for Reinforced Concrete Structures. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH, D-69451 Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Härdle, W.K., 2015. Applied Multivariate Statistical Analysis, 4th ed. 2015. ed. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Backhaus, M., Miedany, Y.E., 2015. Ankylosing Spondylitis, in: El Miedany, Y. (Ed.), Musculoskeletal Ultrasonography in Rheumatic Diseases. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 89–106.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Schizophrenia Research: Cognition.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. 3D Printed Airway Saves Toddler’s Life [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL’s-life/ (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1997. World Wide Web Sites: Reported by 42 Federal Organizations (Supplement to Internet and Electronic Dial-Up Bulletin Board System Activities: Information Reported by Federal Organizations) (No. GGD-97-86S). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Walker, N.A., 2010. Mothers’ description of raising two children with an autism spectrum disorder: A case study (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Baum, S., Conklin, K., Johnson, N., 2013. Stop Penalizing Poor College Students. New York Times A31.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smith, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Laver and Garman, 2001; Smith, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Laver and Garman, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Yoo et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleSchizophrenia Research: Cognition
AbbreviationSchizophr. Res. Cogn.
ISSN (print)2215-0013

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