How to format your references using the Schizophrenia Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Schizophrenia Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Eisenstein, M., 2011. Telomeres: All’s well that ends well. Nature 478, S13-5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sprent, J., Tough, D.F., 2001. T cell death and memory. Science 293, 245–248.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chevrier, V., Poulet, F., Bibring, J.-P., 2007. Early geochemical environment of Mars as determined from thermodynamics of phyllosilicates. Nature 448, 60–63.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Cui, H., Pashuck, E.T., Velichko, Y.S., Weigand, S.J., Cheetham, A.G., Newcomb, C.J., Stupp, S.I., 2010. Spontaneous and x-ray-triggered crystallization at long range in self-assembling filament networks. Science 327, 555–559.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Thornicroft, G., Semrau, M., Alem, A., Drake, R.E., Ito, H., Mari, J., McGeorge, P., Thara, R., 2011. Community Mental Health. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Eberhard, A., Hadjisavvas, N., Luc, D.T. (Eds.), 2005. Generalized Convexity, Generalized Monotonicity and Applications: Proceedings of the 7th International Symposium on Generalized Convexity and Generalized Monotonicity, Nonconvex Optimization and Its Applications. Springer US, Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
Altman, E., Avrachenkov, K., Barakat, C., Chandrayana, K., 2007. A Multilevel Approach for the Modelling of Large TCP/IP Networks, in: Ince, A.N., Bragg, A. (Eds.), Recent Advances in Modeling and Simulation Tools for Communication Networks and Services. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp. 69–103.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Schizophrenia Research.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2014. Supercooled Helium Does Things That Don’t Seem Possible [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1995. GAO Education Products (No. HEHS-95-72R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Corbets, J.B., 2017. Evaluating System Architecture Quality and Architecting Team Performance Using Information Quality Theory (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin, J., 2017. Amazon Executive Resigns After Harassment Claim. New York Times B6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Eisenstein, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Eisenstein, 2011; Sprent and Tough, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sprent and Tough, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Cui et al., 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleSchizophrenia Research
AbbreviationSchizophr. Res.
ISSN (print)0920-9964
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Biological Psychiatry

Other styles