How to format your references using the Schizophrenia Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Schizophrenia Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dickson, B.J., 2002. Molecular mechanisms of axon guidance. Science 298, 1959–1964.
A journal article with 2 authors
Vermeij, G.J., Roopnarine, P.D., 2008. Ecology. The coming Arctic invasion. Science 321, 780–781.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lohman, D.J., Bickford, D., Sodhi, N.S., 2007. Environment. The burning issue. Science 316, 376.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Yanik, M.F., Cinar, H., Cinar, H.N., Chisholm, A.D., Jin, Y., Ben-Yakar, A., 2004. Neurosurgery: functional regeneration after laser axotomy. Nature 432, 822.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Quéguiner, B., 2016. The Biogeochemical Cycle of Silicon in the Ocean. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Schettini, R., Tominaga, S., Trémeau, A. (Eds.), 2011. Computational Color Imaging: Third International Workshop, CCIW 2011, Milan, Italy, April 20-21, 2011. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Bouleau, N., Denis, L., 2015. The Lent Particle Formula, in: Denis, L. (Ed.), Dirichlet Forms Methods for Poisson Point Measures and Lévy Processes: With Emphasis on the Creation-Annihilation Techniques, Probability Theory and Stochastic Modelling. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 83–105.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Schizophrenia Research.

Blog post
Taub, B., 2016. Scientists Have Connected Rabbit Retinas To Computer Chips To Learn How Our Brains Experience The World [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1980. Use of Computerized Information for Local and National Health Care Planning Purposes (No. 117533). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Picchini, A.M., 2010. Neurogenesis in the adult hippocampus: Modulation of stem cell fate by experience (Doctoral dissertation). Columbia University, New York, NY.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B., 2017. A Mythic Force of Anger, Raging in Wales. New York Times C6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dickson, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Dickson, 2002; Vermeij and Roopnarine, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Vermeij and Roopnarine, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Yanik et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleSchizophrenia Research
AbbreviationSchizophr. Res.
ISSN (print)0920-9964
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Biological Psychiatry

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