How to format your references using the Schizophrenia Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Schizophrenia Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Marx, C.J., 2009. Microbiology. Getting in touch with your friends. Science 324, 1150–1151.
A journal article with 2 authors
Higgins, A.M., Jones, R.A., 2000. Anisotropic spinodal dewetting as a route to self-assembly of patterned surfaces. Nature 404, 476–478.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhu, G.-Z., Radtke, G., Botton, G.A., 2012. Bonding and structure of a reconstructed (001) surface of SrTiO3 from TEM. Nature 490, 384–387.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Yasuda, S., Townsend, D., Michele, D.E., Favre, E.G., Day, S.M., Metzger, J.M., 2005. Dystrophic heart failure blocked by membrane sealant poloxamer. Nature 436, 1025–1029.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Center for Chemical Process Safety, 2013. Guidelines for Managing Process Safety Risks During Organizational Change. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Hodicky, J. (Ed.), 2016. Modelling and Simulation for Autonomous Systems: Third International Workshop, MESAS 2016, Rome, Italy, June 15-16, 2016, Revised Selected Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Karlsson, F., Ågerfalk, P.J., 2008. Method Configuration: The eXtreme Programming Case, in: Abrahamsson, P., Baskerville, R., Conboy, K., Fitzgerald, B., Morgan, L., Wang, X. (Eds.), Agile Processes in Software Engineering and Extreme Programming: 9th International Conference, XP 2008, Limerick, Ireland, June 10-14, 2008. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 32–41.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Schizophrenia Research.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Drinking Coffee Is Good For Your Heart [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2012. Commercial Space Launch Act: Preliminary Information on Issues to Consider for Reauthorization (No. GAO-12-767T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dillon, M., 2014. Active aging program for older adults with early stage dementia (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines, G.G., 2010. Savoring The Live Action. New York Times ST9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Marx, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Higgins and Jones, 2000; Marx, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Higgins and Jones, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Yasuda et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleSchizophrenia Research
AbbreviationSchizophr. Res.
ISSN (print)0920-9964
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Biological Psychiatry

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